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c resume unix Get via App Store Read this post in our app! I'm writing a code in writing which I have two threads running in parallel. 1st is the main thread which started the 2nd thread. 2nd thread is just a simple thread executing empty while loop. Now I want to pause / suspend the prompts execution of 2nd thread by 1st thread who created it. And after some time I want to a analysis paper, resume the execution of 2nd thread (by issuing some command or function) from 3 act day essay minutes score where it was paused / suspended. This question is a analysis not about essay format for graduate admission how to use mutexes, but how to suspend a thread. In Unix specification there is writing a analysis paper a thread function called pthread_suspend, and what make me happy essay, another called pthread_resume_np, but for some reason the people who make Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD and so on have not implemented these functions. So to understand it, the functions simply are not there. There are workarounds but unfortunately it is help a analysis paper just not the same as calling SuspendThread on windows.

You have to do all kinds of non-portable stuff to make a thread stop and start using signals. Stopping and resuming threads is vital for debuggers and garbage collectors. For example, I have seen a version of Wine which is not able to properly implement the SuspendThread function. Thus any windows program using it will not work properly. I thought that it was possible to do it properly using signals based on the fact that JVM uses this technique of signals for the Garbage collector, but I have also just seen some articles online where people are noticing deadlocks and format for graduate admission, so on with the JVM, sometimes unreproducable. So to writing a analysis, come around to answer the question, you cannot properly suspend and resume threads with Unix unless you have a nice Unix that implements pthread_suspend_np. Otherwise you are stuck with signals. Writing History? The big problem with Signals is writing paper when you have about five different libraries all linked in to the same program and all trying to use the same signals at the same time. For this reason I believe that you cannot actually use something like ValGrind and for example, the Boehm GC in one program.

At least without major coding at the very lowest levels of what me happy essay, userspace. Another answer to this question could be. Help A Analysis? Do what Linuz Torvalds does to prompts, NVidia, flip the help paper finger at him and get him to what make, implement the two most critical parts missing from Linux. First, pthread_suspend, and second, a dirty bit on memory pages so that proper garbage collectors can be implemented. Start a large petition online and keep flipping that finger. Maybe by the time Windows 20 comes out, they will realise that Suspending and resuming threads, and writing a analysis, having dirty bits is actually one of the fundamental reasons Windows and Mac are better than Linux, or any Unix that does not implement pthread_suspend and also a dirty bit on virtual pages, like VirtualAlloc does in ndltd-theses and dissertations Windows.

I do not live in hope. Actually for help a analysis me I spent a number of years planning my future around building stuff for Linux but have abandoned hope as a reliable thing all seems to hinge on the availability of a dirty bit for virtual memory, and for suspending threads cleanly. As far as I know you can't really just pause some other thread using pthreads. You have to have something in your 2nd thread that checks for times it should be paused using something like a condition variable. This is the standard way to do this sort of thing. You can use mutex to me happy, do that, pseudo code would be: There is no pthread_suspend(), pthread_resume() kind of APIs in POSIX. Writing A Analysis Paper? Mostly condition variables can be used to control the execution of other threads. Essay Format Admission? The condition variable mechanism allows threads to suspend execution and relinquish the processor until some condition is help writing paper true. A condition variable must always be associated with a mutex to avoid a race condition created by writing history, one thread preparing to wait and another thread which may signal the condition before the first thread actually waits on it resulting in paper a deadlock.

If you can use processes instead, you can send job control signals (SIGSTOP / SIGCONT) to the second process. If you still want to share the memory between those processes, you can use SysV shared memory (shmop, shmget, shmctl. ). Even though I haven't tried it myself, it might be possible to use the lower-level clone() syscall to spawn threads that don't share signals. With that, you might be able to format, send SIGSTOP and SIGCONT to writing paper, the other thread. Not sure if you will like my answer or not. But you can achieve it this way. If it is a separate process instead of a thread , I have a solution (This might even work for thread, maybe someone can share your thoughts) using signals . There is no system currently in place to pause or resume the execution of the processes. But surely you can build one. Steps i would do if i want it in my project: Register a signal handler for ndltd-theses and dissertations the second process. Inside the signal handler, wait for a semaphore.

Whenever you want to help writing paper, pause the other process, just send in a signal. that you registered the other process with. The program will go into sleep state. When you want to resume the process, you can send a different signal again. Of A Proposal Essay? Inside that signal handler, you will check if the help writing paper semaphore is locked or not. If it is locked, you will release the writing essays semaphore.

So. the process 2 will continue its execution. If you can implement this, please do share your feedack, if it worked for you or not. Thanks. For implementing the pause on help writing paper, a thread, you need to format admission, make it wait for some event to paper, happen. Waiting on a spin-lock mutex is CPU cycle wasting. IMHO, this method should not be followed as the CPU cycles could have been used up by other processes/threads.

Wait on a non-blocking descriptor (pipe, socket or some other). Example code for for graduate using pipes for inter-thread communication can be seen here Above solution is useful, if your second thread has more information from multiple sources than just the pause and resume signals. A top-level select/poll/epoll can be used on non-blocking descriptors. You can specify the wait time for select/poll/epoll system calls, and only that much micro-seconds worth of CPU cycles will be wasted. I mention this solution with forward-thinking that your second thread will have more things or events to writing, handle than just getting paused and example proposal essay, resumed. Sorry if it is more detailed than what you asked. Another simpler approach can be to have a shared boolean variable between these threads. Help Paper? Main thread is the writer of the variable, 0 - signifies stop. 1 - signifies resume Second thread only essay for graduate reads the value of the variable. To implement '0' state, use usleep for help sime micro-seconds then again check the value.

Assuming, few micro-seconds delay is acceptable in your design. To implement '1' - check the value of the example of a proposal variable after doing certain number of operations. Otherwise, you can also implement a signal for moving from '1' to '0' state.

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Hindi Language Essays Of 15 August Essays and writing paper Research Papers. The constitution of India (Article 343) recognises Hindi as the official language of India. Hindi is also the main . language in many states of India such as Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal/ Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh and 3 act score Himachal Pradesh. Paper? It is spoken by more than 437 million people in the world. The other dialects of Hindi are Brajbhasha, Bundeli, Awadhi, Marwari, Maithili, Bhojpuri, to name only a few.

Hindi can be traced back to as early as the seventh or eighth. Chhayavaad , Hindi , Hindi literature 1435 Words | 5 Pages. 26/6/2013 Essay on admission “Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi Essay on “Advantage and help a analysis paper Disadvantage of . Example Of A Proposal? Telephone” in Hindi by Nilakshi Read this Essay on help a analysis paper “Benefit and Loss of Telephone” in Hindi language . www.shareyouressays.com/113818/ essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 1/6 6/27/13 Essay on “Advantage and Disadvantage of Telephone” in Hindi www.shareyouressays.com/113818/ essay -on-advantage-and-disadvantage-of-telephone-in- hindi 2/6 6/27/13 . 6th Marine Regiment , All rights reserved , Bihar 342 Words | 3 Pages. Hindi Nationalism This piece on Hindu nationalism, written by Alok Rai, deals with the coming of modern Hindi in the late 90s . and the early 20s. Alok Rai who is also known as a critical thinker, theorist and also the grandson of Premchand makes his readers aware of the process of catalog, modernization in the case of language . In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi ) and “ Hindi ” (new Hindi ). Making of help a analysis, Hindi as a modern language connects to the programme of the imagining the. Braj Bhasha , Hindi , Hindi languages 1413 Words | 4 Pages. AS YOU LIKE IT HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE PLAY Introduction to writing, Shakespeare When I read Shakespeare I am struck with wonder That such trivial people . should muse and thunder In such lovely language . Help A Analysis? D. Nyu Essay Prompts? H. Lawrence Quote (1885 - 1930) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was born in Startford-on-Avon, in the country of Warwick. The third child and first son, William was christened on 26th April, 1564 in help paper the parish chruch.

His father, John Shakespeare, was a prosperous businessman. William got. As You Like It , Globe Theatre , John Shakespeare 1402 Words | 4 Pages. DETAILS OF ESSAY COMPETITION The essay competition is focused on making the youth of our country aware about the importance and what essay . Help Writing A Analysis Paper? need of conservation of petroleum products. (A) Essay competition is to be conducted in what make me happy essay maximum of 15 languages as given below Sr Language in which essay competitions is to be conducted individually Hindi (North India Language ) English (North India Language ) Urdu (North India Language ) Punjabi (North India Language ) Kashmiri (North India Language ) Tamil (South. East India , India , Languages of India 972 Words | 7 Pages. Science writing in Hindi appears to have began in 1818 (Patariya, 2000) with the help writing a analysis paper publication of a magazine named “ Hindi . Digdarshan,” copies of which were circulated to many schools in West Bengal. Writing History? ‘Digdarshan' regularly incorporated materials on science, a trend that was not in vogue at that time even in contemporary reputed Hindi publication 'Udant martand' (1928) credited to be the first Hindi newspaper. Patairiya (2000) further narrates that a questionnaire related to writing a analysis, chemistry way. Delhi , Hindi , Popular science 1626 Words | 5 Pages. ? Language Essay PSY/360 Introduction Language is universal way to express . how a person feels. Writing History? So of help writing a analysis paper, course, it is essay admission essential in writing a analysis cultures to express their individuality within life.

Most of the what make me happy essay time people do not put a lot of help writing, speculation on what mental processes may be taking place subconsciously. These mental processes allow a person to think, speak, and essays express their personal thoughts through language . In order to properly analyze that language , cognition must. Cognition , Cognitive psychology , Cognitive science 1078 Words | 4 Pages. Essay On My School Picnic For Class 1. Essay on my school picnic for class 1 Contributed By: Rose Johnson, class 7, Carmel School Kuwait. Rose. My father always likes to speak about a analysis, . his childhood, especially when he scolds me.

Posted: September 2, 2014 in ndltd-theses catalog childrens writing ideas, Essays for Class 1- Class4, Kids essays , Less than 15 sentence essays , Once our school picnic was to a zoo. Completed application form, High School a picnic at help writing paper, seaside essay 9 class Transcript, Essay : Share a. Sep 25, 2011 - I am writing a profile essay on a. Educational years , Essay , Fifth grade 1239 Words | 4 Pages. Word Count- 1250 Essay #5 Most professions or trades use language specific to ndltd-theses and dissertations, that line of work. In the help a analysis paper workplace of . psychiatrists, psychologists, and therapists, there is a specific language used in assessing, diagnosing, and treating clients and patients. I have come to be familiar with this as my mother is a therapist and we have talked about example of a proposal, her work and diagnosing people with a variety of writing, mental health disorders. The problem with such language and nyu essay prompts expressing that language in a book like. Antisocial personality disorder , Diagnostic and writing Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Homosexuality 1321 Words | 4 Pages. ?Marquise Long Understanding the importance of language An American author named Oliver Wendell Holmes . once stated, “ Language is the blood of the soul into which thoughts run and 3 act day essay in increase out of which they grow.” This quote, itself describes the importance of language as it embraces “growth” as an writing paper aspect of it. Language , which is a method of communication used by humans, allows for innovation and progress within the world. Essay For Graduate Admission? For starters, communication is important because.

American films , Culture , Doctor 987 Words | 4 Pages. Language Essay Ryan Butler Psychology 360 August 29, 2011 Professor Newlin LANGUAGE Have you . Help? ever wondered how we speak? How about why our communication is considered a language and other animal’s communication is not considered language ? A wide range of beliefs exist on what defines language . Thus, by exploring the definition of language and lexicon, evaluating language’s key features, the four levels of language structure and processing, and the role of language in Cognitive Psychology. Brain , Cognition , Cognitive psychology 1420 Words | 4 Pages. MASTER CIRCULAR USE OF HINDI IN BANKS (Updated upto 30th June 2007 ) Department of Banking Operations and Development RESERVE BANK OF . INDIA Central Office Mumbai RBI/ 2007-08/35 DBOD No. Rajbhasha BC. 5/06.11.04/2007-08 July 2, 11th Ashadha1929 (S) Chairman Managing Director All Public Sector Banks Dear Sir, Master Circular - Use of Hindi in banks Please refer to and dissertations catalog, the Master Circular DBOD No. Rajbhasha.BC.12/ 06.11.04/2006-07 dated 1st July 2006 consolidating instructions/ directives. Central Hindi Directorate , English language , Hindi 8626 Words | 28 Pages.

Netaji Subhashchandra Bhose Hindi Essay. infrastructure Ltd. March 10 to Dec.10 As a Asst.Managar for help writing Mamp;G circle 3. Nyu Essay Prompts 2013? Wttil+Quippo telecom ltd.Septembar 08 to March 10 as Sr.Executive . Acquisition (Mamp;G) (3 Cluster:-Pune ,Kolhapur,Nashik) : On Roll 4. Indus Towers Ltd. April 08 to help, August 2008 as Executive Acquisition (Pune) :off Roll 5. Bharti Infratel ltd. July 2007 to march 2008 as Executive Acquisition (Pune): off Roll 6. In Increase Score? Bharti Airtel Ltd. Help Writing A Analysis? Jan 2007 to format, June 2007 as Executive Acquisition (Pune) : off Roll From to Till Date. 2008 , Bharti Airtel , Bharti Enterprises 691 Words | 4 Pages. Essay 1 Does the language you speak reflect your personal and cultural Identity? The United States of America is one of the most . Writing Paper? diverse countries in the world and for that reason there are many different languages spoken.

Most people who move to this land of opportunities are required to of a proposal, learn the primary language , English. By learning the language of the new world they have entered, they are slowly giving up the culture and language from which they came from. People who have trouble learning English. Americas , English language , Essay 1643 Words | 4 Pages. start Yesterday hav u strtd writng assignmnt? goin to a analysis paper, wbu? i wrote intro du hav tat intro in yur pc? yea send me i maild u chck . okk Today u finished english? nop u? no btw we need 15 pages of d content i strted writing shal v ri8 both d essays ? 15 :37 wot if tere is essay for graduate repetation so wt to do? btttr lest srch onceagain n f v get a big one lets write o wen wil we complete?? o ls v shale elongate our handwritting tat v can complete hey i cnt do dat . Indian actors , Indian film actors , International Friendship Day 465 Words | 4 Pages. PROGRESSIVE USE OF HINDI 14 Progressive Use of help paper, Hindi Introduction 14.1 The Hindi section functioning in 3 act day essay minutes the . Ministry of Mines is responsible for ensuring compliance of the Official Languages Act, the rules made thereunder and help a analysis the administrative instructions regarding use of Hindi in writing essays the Ministry of Mines and in help writing a analysis paper the subordinate offices and PSU ' s under its administrative control. 14.2 Section 3(3) of Official Languages Act, 1963 has been complied with fully during the catalog period under report and all. Bihar , Haryana , Himachal Pradesh 2530 Words | 8 Pages. 1308014090 Q.1 In a group of 50 people, 35 speak Hindi , 25 speak both English and Hindi and all the people speak at least one . of the two languages . How many people only help a analysis, speak English and not Hindi ? How many people speak English? Solution: Here, Let people speaking English language be ‘’E’’ and example essay people speaking Hindi language be “H” respectively.

E H 15 25 10 U= 50 Now by question. Dialect , English language , Language 374 Words | 3 Pages. Is Language An Instinct Education Essay. ?Is Language An Instinct Education Essay As you are reading these words, you are taking part in a analysis one of the wonders of the natural . world. Linguists have continually been bewildered by language and the language debate which has been inundated with arguments by prompts 2013, several professionals to support either the instinctive or learned side of the debate. So, in 1994 when “The Language Instinct” by writing a analysis paper, psychologist Steven Pinker was published, it reignited the discussion. His book utilized the 3 act in increase minutes concepts developed. Geoffrey Sampson , Intelligence , Language 1535 Words | 3 Pages. essay, english as a global language. English as a world language outweigh the dangers?

Predictions are that English could become a future language for the world. . It is widely spoken and taught around the world. By the late eighteen century; John Adams predicted that it would become the most respectable language in the world and most universally read and spoken in help paper the coming centuries. (Burn Coffin: 9). The evidence of this is emphasized by David Crystal in his second edition of writing history essays, his book - English as a global language . He states that. Culture , English language , German language 866 Words | 3 Pages. ?The positive and help writing negative transfers of format for graduate admission, Chinese students use their first language to learn English. In China, many people are learning . English as their second language . English is the most important language which truly links the whole world together. A Analysis? English language system is very different from essay for graduate Chinese language system in many ways such as, grammar, pronunciation, and vocabulary. Help Paper? “Belonging to two different language families, English and Chinese have many significant differences. This makes.

English language , First language , French language 1399 Words | 4 Pages. Bollywood ( Hindi : #2348;#2377;#2354;#2368;#2357;#2369;#2337;, Urdu: ECa#1740; ??) is the informal name given to nyu essay prompts 2013, the popular . Mumbai-based Hindi - language film industry in India (Bharat). Help A Analysis Paper? The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Hindi cinema. Bollywood is only a part of the Bhartiya film industry. The name is a portmanteau of Bombay (the former name for Mumbai) and and dissertations catalog Hollywood, the center of the help writing American film industry. Though some deplore the name, arguing that it makes the. Asha Bhosle , Bollywood , Cinema of history essays, India 1014 Words | 3 Pages. FORM Application No: Course Details : Programme Electives / Specialization Medium Second Language (for B.A. / B.Com. only) Personal . Help? Information : Full Name of the Candidate Name Surname Name of the Parent / Guardian Date of Birth (dd-mm-yyyy) Socio-Economic Details : Gender Nationality Marital Status Social Status Male Indian Married SC TELUGU Telugu (For office use only) ID No. Nyu Essay Prompts 2013? ENGLISH Hindi Sanskrit Candidate’s Latest Photo Female Others Un Married ST BC Rural PH Urban Others. Distance education , Education , Employment 417 Words | 2 Pages.

? Loving God and Other Sins As Friedrich Nietzsche, the revolutionary existentialist once said, “The Christian resolve to find the a analysis paper world evil and ugly . has made the world evil and ugly. William H. Faulkner’s Light in August , a novel in which the various protagonists’ struggles with Christianity soil their relationships with the people around them and nyu essay and with the writing world at example of a essay, large, confirms this resolution. Joe Christmas, an orphaned boy who was raised and whipped in the name of God, is help paper a child. Christendom , Christianity , Ethics 1495 Words | 4 Pages. ?Practice Essay “These days we are far more tolerant of taboo language ; it no longer has the essay for graduate admission power to shock or offend. Help Writing A Analysis? Discuss.” . Why are we more accepting of essay format for graduate, taboo language today? Increased usage, social groups that use taboo language to writing paper, build solidarity/exclude others. What are the social purposes of taboo language ? Support group solidarity, create social distance, challenge authority, establish identity In what situations would taboo language be shocking or offensive, and format for graduate when would it be expected/tolerated. Identity , Profanity , Social class 1237 Words | 3 Pages. ?Orwell’s Essays Speech Explore how time and place are used in help a analysis paper your prescribed text to writing history, shape the audience’s understanding of writing paper, how knowledge of . the proposal past sheds light on the present.

The statement by Charlie Reece “Our time and his time remain the paper same” instigates the questioning of ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, how Orwell’s concept of freedom transcends the importance of writing paper, individuality through time. Prompts? By asking myself, ‘how does he promote these democratic principles of freedom in the face of help writing paper, political adversary?’ I am implored. Audience , Audience theory , English language 1870 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay - Language and Identity. English Composition Language and Identity Who am I? What is catalog it that defines that personality? Anzaldua argues in her . essay that the language is what defines one’s identity. Language is indeed an important component of culture, and help paper culture is known to be a crucial definer of identity.

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Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of admission, . 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Precis, Letter Writing Essay ). So, here we are presenting you How to write Essay ? and few points to help a analysis, remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay ? 1. Analyze the prompt. Note exactly what. Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages. ?Asia Country Official and national Languages Other spoken Languages Afghanistan Pashto (Pashtu, Pushtu) an admission Eastern . Iranian language , it is the native language of the Pashtun people. Dari Persian (Farsi-ye Dari) also known as Afghan Persian. other Turkic and minor languages . Armenia Armenian (Hayeren) is an independent, one- language subgroup within the help a analysis paper Indo-European language family. Example Of A Proposal? The unique Armenian alphabet, which consists of help writing a analysis paper, 39 characters, was created in 405 AD by a monk named. Dialect , English language , French language 483 Words | 6 Pages.

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Language Gender and Culture Essay. ? Language , Gender, and Culture Essay In our world there are so people that are being overrated, from their skin color, to history, how . Help? they talk or to where they came from or the way they walk, everything from what people wear to where people come from and their ethnic background. These people are looked down on from the rest of society for just being themselves and in increase minutes doing only what they know to a analysis, do. For some, it’s wrong if others do not act just like them and format they put them down for it. Stereotypes can. Antagonist , Audre Lorde , Audre Lorde Project 879 Words | 3 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. A Analysis Paper? Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for essay Success 4 : Reading and Writing Oxford University.

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Authority , Crime , Mobile phone 953 Words | 3 Pages. increasing very rapidly. Nyu Essay Prompts 2013? From the last five years, labor productivity has registered a growth of 56 percent, which is really good. In the year 2006, seat . Help Writing A Analysis? load factor recorded a growth of 76 percent. Nyu Essay Prompts? In the past five years, non fuel unit cost has dropped by a analysis, 15 percent. The main air travel market in terms of passenger trips will continue to be in ndltd-theses and dissertations and between North America, Europe and Asia. Events at the international level, affects the air travel business directly. For instance, during the first half of the.

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Define the different types of vegetarianism. 15 . How can food trigger different and dangerous health conditions? ffffffhfhdnfn sadh;ofwf dbiwefh;qef wqeh[9hf]arbf0 wedpof European imperialism accelerated between 1870 and 1920, because of economic, political, and social forces. The Industrial. Africa , Colonialism , Europe 476 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on the Nature and Uses of Language. Discuss the nature and uses of language . Nature of Language 1) What is language ? Language is a . collection of symbols governed by rules and used to convey messages between individuals. The nature of language brings us to the nature of human thought and action, for language is neither more nor less than both these aspects of human nature. Let's examine the nature of language closer. 2) Paralanguage Paralanguage is the non-verbal elements of communication used to a analysis paper, convey emotion and modify meaning. First language , Grammar , Language 1870 Words | 7 Pages. ? Language Death—why should we care With the essays accelerated progress of globalization and help a analysis civilization, language death today has . become an undeniable and undisputed phenomenon as languages have been disappearing in an increasing rate (Guilherme 2013).

Language death could be defined as a language which “nobody speaks it any more” (Crystal 2000). According to Colls (2009), the ndltd-theses catalog size of language pool is over 7000, but by end of this century, it is estimated that 90% of those languages “would have ceased. Culture , Endangered language , Extinct language 1293 Words | 6 Pages. Weaknesses of a analysis paper, Language as a WOK Language may often be defined as “a body of me happy essay, words and the systems for their use common to . people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same culture/tradition” (dictionary.reference.com). Although language is a basis for communication, it has many forms and variations, not only specific to the same lingual group or nation, thus causing it to present both strengths and writing a analysis weaknesses depending on the situation in which language is used. Communication , Grammar , Language 1296 Words | 4 Pages. Explore Some of the history Ways in which Your Speech Changes according to the Context you are In In this essay I shall explore the ways in which my . speech changes according to the context I am in. Writing A Analysis? Most people change the way they speak without knowing it and only realise it when they consciously try to listen for differences in their idiolect, such as their pitch, intonation, pronunciation, speed, lexis and length of their utterances. Writing History? One aspect of speech which changes is my pitch.

I use sarcasm occasionally. Dialect , English language , English phonology 1229 Words | 4 Pages. LANGUAGE LEGISLATION: VOTER DRIVEN INITIATIVES Kelly M. Paper? Jefferson Grand Canyon University: SPE 523 July 23, 2012 . For Graduate? The issue of language policy and writing a analysis the education of English language learners (ELLs) in in increase this country has been hotly debated and widely contested. Students who enter our school systems without an understanding of the English language must attain not only conversational proficiency, but also academic literacy in English. Academic literacy is help paper the. English language , English-language education , French language 1132 Words | 4 Pages. Intermediate: Aggregate 81% C.B.S.E BOARD,(2009),SARVODYA. Me Happy Essay? BOYS SR SEC SCHOOL, ASHOK NAGAR , NEW DELHI 110027 SSC: Aggregate 84.8% C.B.S.E BOARD, (2007), . GOVT BOYS SR SEC SCHOOL, RAJOURI GARDEN, NEW DELHI 110027 SOFTWARE SKILL SET: • Languages : Basic knowledge of C • Software : Microsoft, word, power point, excel. . AREA OF INTEREST: ELECTRICAL Machine Power system Control systems ELECTRONICS Basic electronics Analog and digital electronics . Delhi , Electronic engineering , Electronics 424 Words | 3 Pages. existence of different languages and the need for their translation create problems for the acquisition of knowledge? According to Sartre, . Help Writing A Analysis Paper? words carry more power than we think and have the ability to betray their proper meanings.

Words, or in a broader sense, language , is far more powerful than we give it credit for and is ambiguous in its nature to either be powerful in a good way or treacherous. When language is translated properly and knowledge is acquired successfully, language is powerful. However. Arabic language , Existentialism , Language 915 Words | 3 Pages. Practice Essay , Saving Dying Languages. Is enough being done to preserve language ? Language plays an writing important role in the progress of nations. It's preservation has . been an important topic of discussion between the intellects. This has led us to a question whether adequate efforts have been made to paper, save endangered languages . Some people have opinion that there had been sufficient hard work for the preservation of languages such as master apprentice program, documentation programs and full immersion schools system while others disagree. Endangered language , Extinct language , Language death 846 Words | 3 Pages.

? Types of Languages , Necessity and Example of Existence Juan Varela American Intercontinental University Online A very . wise man once said “When a language dies, The divine things stars, sun and moon, the minutes human things, thinking and help writing a analysis feeling are no longer reflected in that mirror” (John Ross, 2005) Those are the format words of Miguel Leon-Portilla, a well respected Mexican anthropologist and historian. Writing? Those words could not be further from the truth. Admission? A language is an entire system of. Catalan language , Catalonia , Dialect 1082 Words | 6 Pages. A “mother tongue” is quite literally the language of the speaker’s mother. A Analysis? However, a child is writing history not born with knowledge of this . Writing? language nor is history it something which is genetically transmitted. Help A Analysis Paper? According to what, linguists, children can learn easily whichever languages they are exposed to till around the age of twelve. Few children are formally taught the mother tongue.

They pick it up mainly through imitation, and it is environmental influence rather than heredity that determines their linguistic performance. English language , French language , Hindi 27301 Words | 64 Pages. Health – Essay – Title and subtitle of the essay HYGIENE, EATING HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH AMONG CHILDREN IN THREE NEPALESE . PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS Author Kerstin Westbacke Author's position and address District dentist, Public Dental Clinic, Langgatan 13, SE-460 10 Lodose, Sweden Phone: +46 (0)520 660077, Fax: +46 (0)520 660838, E-mail: ftv.lodose@vgregion.se Date of approval 2006-04-28 Supervisor NHV/External Professor Arne Halling No of pages Language – essay Language – abstract . Canine tooth , Health , Health care 2275 Words | 11 Pages. The Language of Friendship: an Analytical Essay. Brenna Calderara COM 100 Communication Analysis Paper 19 March 2012 The Language of Friendship: an Analytical Essay No . matter who you are or where you live, if you were to spin a globe and point to any arbitrary place, land or sea, you are guaranteed to have something in common with who/what may be native to that area. Whether one uses gestures to help writing, create nonverbal messages or can verbally express their ideas, they are contributing to the worldwide epidemic of communication.

Communication. Best Friends , Communication , First-person narrative 2376 Words | 6 Pages. English the Official Language of the what me happy essay United States of America. English the Official Language of the United States of America With immigration being on the rise today one of the writing a analysis most talked about 3 act score, . subjects is the English language . As of today the United States does not have an help a analysis paper official language . There have been many attempts to pass different laws to make English the official language of the United States but to no avail. Usually with these laws Congress is trying to impose different immigration laws as well that get the bill rejected. English should.

American English , English language , European Union 1593 Words | 5 Pages. Cooper (PWC) report-2008. * 4. Growth of TV Media Year after Year * The growth of TV media has seen an upward swing from writing history year 2005 to 2007, which is: . 15 % in 2005 17% in 2006 18% in a analysis 2007 * But the growth in the year 2008 is estimated to be only history essays, 17%. *Source: AdEx Report-2007. * 5. The Growth of TV market YoY 2005 2006 2007 2008( ESTIMATED ) 15 % 17% 18% 17% * 6. Growth in help writing a analysis TV amp; Media Industry * Cumulative Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) is appx.18%, which is the ndltd-theses catalog forecast for the industry over. Advertising , Audience measurement , Broadcasting 1919 Words | 5 Pages. Li 1 Mr. Albert Chan English 102 14 October 2014 The Power of . Language The introduction of “A Question of Language ,” is a frame for Gloria Naylor's discussion. Writing Paper? Gloria Naylor defines how the what make me happy written and spoken language can give different meaning to a word. She considers language powerful tool used by writers and everyday people, to express their feelings and capture reality and life. Help Writing A Analysis Paper? She portrays just how powerful she. Meaning of life , Word 1304 Words | 4 Pages. ?What do you think about language diversity?

Language diversity is an important topic for format all South Africans to consider since . we have 11 official languages . This means that we are challenged when it comes to being able to communicate with one another. This challenge presents itself in various forms, from the help writing paper workplace to people’s daily lives and personal outlooks surrounding different cultures. Language diversity also influences important issues such as education, Government and adoption. Proposal? Adoption. Adoption , Culture , Family 913 Words | 2 Pages. “Bishop’s carefully judged use of language aids the help paper reader to uncover the intensity of feeling in her poetry.” To what extent do you . agree or disagree with the above statement?

Support your answer with reference to the poetry of Elizabeth Bishop on prompts 2013 your course. Elizabeth Bishop’s use of writing, language in for graduate admission her poems has allowed readers to grasp a better understanding of feeling in her poetry. During the beginning of Bishop’s career, she was often referred to as a ‘miniaturist’. Her concentration. Convenience store , Emotion , Feeling 1123 Words | 4 Pages. Characteristics of Indian Languages. CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIAN LANGUAGES MADHAVI VARALWAR and help NIXON PATEL Bhrigus Inc. Hyderabad,India A . text to speech system often requires simple information such as language of the 2013 input text; voice-gender (male/female) to be used, pronunciation of a telephone number as isolated digits etc. A raw input text could be embedded with such information using XML like tags often referred to as Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML) which aims to produce a better. Dravidian languages , India , Kannada language 1673 Words | 5 Pages.

with the top 10% of income groups earning 33% of the income 3. Although it is help writing a analysis difficult to count the example of a proposal essay total number of prostitutes, or sex workers, latest . estimates show that there are some three million in the country, an paper overwhelming majority in essay for graduate the 15 -35 year group. Among these are growing migration and poverty, political instability, erosion of traditional values, desire to earn easy money, globalization and declining job opportunities for uneducated and unskilled youths. Prostitution growing in. Buddhism , Hindi , Hindu 2230 Words | 5 Pages. and 2009.

Industries % 1989 Manufacturing Retail Healthcare Construction Education Tourism 2009 15 % 11.8% 9.6 % 7.6% 6.8% 5.5% ??? Working . population, those in the workforce ?????? 15 % ???? ??: 15 (???????) 100 (????????) 9.8% 10.1% 11.3% 8.3% 7.5% 7.3% ???: 1 15 % of the country’s working population worked in the manufacturing sector. 2 Those working in the manufacturing sector accounted for a analysis paper 15 % of the country’s working population. ??????,???? ???????,??? ???? retail, healthcare,?? 2009 ???????. Academic degree , Bottled water , Europe 434 Words | 6 Pages.

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The 35 Greatest Speeches in History. There was not currently a resource on the web to my liking that offered the help writing paper man who wished to study the greatest orations of all time-from ancient to modern-not only of a essay a list of the speeches but a link to the text and a paragraph outlining the writing paper context in which the essays speech was given. So we decided to create one ourselves. The Art of Manliness thus proudly presents the “35 Greatest Speeches in World History,” the finest library of help writing, speeches available on the web. These famous speeches lifted hearts in dark times, gave hope in despair, refined the characters of men, inspired brave feats, gave courage to example proposal, the weary, honored the dead, and changed the course of history. It is my desire that this library will become a lasting resource not only to writing a analysis, those who wish to become great orators, but to all men who wisely seek out the great mentors of history as guides on the path to virtuous manhood. I know that readers of blogs are often more likely to skim than to read in-depth. But I challenge you, gentlemen, to essay, attempt a program of study in which you read the entirety of help a analysis, one of these great speeches each and every day. I found the process of compiling and reading these speeches to be enormously inspiring and edifying, and I feel confident that you will find them equally so.

How did we compile this list? Great oratory has three components: style, substance, and essay, impact. Style: A great speech must be masterfully constructed. The best orators are masters of both the written and spoken word, and use words to writing paper, create texts that are beautiful to format, both hear and read. Substance: A speech may be flowery and charismatically presented, and a analysis paper, yet lack any true substance at all. Great oratory must center on a worthy theme; it must appeal to and inspire the audience’s finest values and ideals. Impact: Great oratory always seeks to persuade the audience of some fact or idea.

The very best speeches change hearts and minds and seem as revelatory several decades or centuries removed as when they were first given. And now for the speeches. Theodore Roosevelt , “Duties of American Citizenship” Given while serving as a New York assemblyman, TR’s address on the “Duties of American Citizenship” delved into essay admission, both the help a analysis paper theoretical reasons why every man should be involved in politics and the practical means of serving in that capacity. Roosevelt chided those who excused themselves from what make me happy essay politics because they were too busy; it was every man’s duty to devote some time to help, maintaining good government. Of course, in one sense, the first essential for a man’s being a good citizen is his possession of the home virtues of which we think when we call a man by the emphatic adjective of manly. No man can be a good citizen who is not a good husband and a good father, who is not honest in his dealings with other men and women, faithful to his friends and fearless in the presence of his foes, who has not got a sound heart, a sound mind, and a sound body; exactly as no amount of admission, attention to civil duties will save a nation if the domestic life is undermined, or there is lack of the writing a analysis rude military virtues which alone can assure a country’s position in the world. In a free republic the ideal citizen must be one willing and able to take arms for of a proposal essay, the defense of the help writing flag, exactly as the make essay ideal citizen must be the father of many healthy children. Help! A race must be strong and vigorous; it must be a race of good fighters and good breeders, else its wisdom will come to naught and its virtue be ineffective; and no sweetness and nyu essay 2013, delicacy, no love for and appreciation of beauty in art or literature, no capacity for building up material prosperity can possibly atone for a analysis, the lack of the great virile virtues. But this is aside from essay admission my subject, for help writing a analysis, what I wish to talk of is the attitude of the American citizen in civic life. It ought to example of a proposal, be axiomatic in this country that every man must devote a reasonable share of paper, his time to doing his duty in the Political life of the community.

No man has a right to shirk his political duties under whatever plea of 3 act day essay score, pleasure or business; and while such shirking may be pardoned in help writing a analysis paper, those of writing, small cleans it is entirely unpardonable in those among whom it is most common–in the people whose circumstances give them freedom in the struggle for a analysis paper, life. In so far as the community grows to and dissertations, think rightly, it will likewise grow to paper, regard the young man of ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, means who shirks his duty to the State in time of peace as being only one degree worse than the man who thus shirks it in time of war. A great many of writing, our men in business, or of our young men who are bent on enjoying life (as they have a perfect right to do if only they do not sacrifice other things to enjoyment), rather plume themselves upon being good citizens if they even vote; yet voting is the very least of their duties, Nothing worth gaining is ever gained without effort. Catalog! You can no more have freedom without striving and suffering for paper, it than you can win success as a banker or a lawyer without labor and effort, without self-denial in youth and the display of a ready and alert intelligence in history essays, middle age. The people who say that they have not time to attend to help a analysis paper, politics are simply saying that they are unfit to live in a free community. Read full text of essay format admission, speech here. Winston Churchill, “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” Winston Churchill, one of the greatest orators of the 20th century, was interestingly enough, like Demosthenes and other great orators before him, born with a speech impediment which he worked on until it no longer hindered him.

One would never guess this from help paper hearing Churchill’s strong and reassuring voice, a voice that would buoy up Britain during some of her darkest hours. During the Battle of France, Allied Forces became cut off from troops south of the German penetration and perilously trapped at the Dunkirk bridgehead. On May 26, a wholesale evacuation of these troops, dubbed “Operation Dynamo,” began. The evacuation was an amazing effort-the RAF kept the Luftwaffe at bay while thousands of ships, from military destroyers to small fishing boats, were used to ferry 338,000 French and British troops to safety, far more than anyone had thought possible. On June 4, Churchill spoke before the House of Commons, giving a report which celebrated the “miraculous deliverance” at Dunkirk, while also seeking to temper a too rosy of view of what was on the whole a “colossal military disaster.” I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and history, if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our Island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone.

At any rate, that is what we are going to try to do. Help Paper! That is the resolve of His Majesty’s Government-every man of them. That is the will of Parliament and the nation. The British Empire and nyu essay prompts, the French Republic, linked together in help, their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native soil, aiding each other like good comrades to in increase score, the utmost of their strength. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous States have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail.

We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and help paper, oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and day essay minutes, growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on writing paper, the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by example the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in help writing paper, God’s good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the essays old. Read full text of speech here. Lou Gehrig, “Farewell to Baseball Address” July 4, 1939; Yankee Stadium. It seemed as if the luminous career of Lou Gehrig would go on forever. The Yankee’s first baseman and prodigious slugger was nicknamed the Iron Horse for his durability and commitment to the game.

Sadly, his record for suiting up for 2,130 consecutive games came to an end when at age 36, Gehrig was stricken with the crippling disease that now bears his name. On July 4, 1939, the Yankees held a ceremony to honor their teammate and friend. They retired Gehrig’s number, spoke of help a analysis paper, his greatness, and presented him with various gifts, plaques, and trophies. Example Of A! When Gehrig finally addressed the crowd, he did not use the opportunity to wallow in pity. Instead, he spoke of the things he was grateful for and what a lucky guy he was. Fans, for help writing, the past two weeks you have been reading about a bad break I got. Yet today I consider myself the ndltd-theses catalog luckiest man on the face of the earth. I have been in ballparks for a analysis, seventeen years and have never received anything but kindness and encouragement from and dissertations catalog you fans. Look at these grand men. Which of you wouldn’t consider it the highlight of his career to help, associate with them for even one day? Sure, I’m lucky.

Who wouldn’t consider it an honor to have known Jacob Ruppert – also the builder of me happy essay, baseball’s greatest empire, Ed Barrow – to have spent the next nine years with that wonderful little fellow Miller Huggins – then to have spent the next nine years with that outstanding leader, that smart student of psychology – the writing paper best manager in baseball today, Joe McCarthy! Sure, I’m lucky. When the New York Giants, a team you would give your right arm to beat, and vice versa, sends you a gift, that’s something! When everybody down to the groundskeepers and history essays, those boys in white coats remember you with trophies, that’s something. When you have a wonderful mother-in-law who takes sides with you in squabbles against a analysis paper, her own daughter, that’s something. When you have a father and mother who work all their lives so that you can have an education and build your body, it’s a blessing! When you have a wife who has been a tower of strength and shown more courage than you dreamed existed, that’s the finest I know. So I close in saying that I might have had a tough break – but I have an awful lot to live for!

Demosthenes, master statesman and orator, loved his city-state of prompts 2013, Athens. Writing Paper! He cherished its way of minutes score, life and abundant freedoms. And he believed in standing strong against anyone who might attempt to infringe on these privileges. A Analysis! This passion, unfortunately, was seldom shared by his fellow Athenians. While Philip the II of writing, Macedon made bolder and bolder incursions into the Greek peninsula, the Athenian people seemed stuck in an apathetic stupor. For years, Demosthenes employed his powerful oratorical skills in attempts to awaken his fellow citizens from sleep to the realization of the imminent danger Philip posed. When Philip advanced on Thrace, the Athenians called an assembly to debate whether or not to finally heed the great orator’s advice.

Demosthenes was sick of his brethren taking liberty and the Athenian way of life for help writing a analysis, granted and example of a, he boldly called upon them to paper, rise up and take action. After his rousing speech, the assembly all cried out, “To arms! To arms!” It is this fate, I solemnly assure you, that I dread for of a proposal essay, you, when the time comes that you make your reckoning, and realize that there is no longer anything that can be done. Help A Analysis! May you never find yourselves, men of Athens, in such a position! Yet in any case, it were better to die ten thousand deaths, than to do anything out of servility towards Philip [or to sacrifice any of essay, those who speak for your good]. A noble recompense did the people in Oreus receive, for help a analysis, entrusting themselves to Philip’s friends, and thrusting Euphraeus aside!

And a noble recompense the 3 act day essay democracy of Eretria, for driving away your envoys, and surrendering to Cleitarchus! They are slaves, scourged and butchered! A noble clemency did he show to the Olynthians, who elected Lasthenes to command the cavalry, and banished Apollonides! It is folly, and it is cowardice, to cherish hopes like these, to give way to evil counsels, to refuse to do anything that you should do, to listen to the advocates of the enemy’s cause, and to help writing a analysis, fancy that you dwell in so great a city that, whatever happens, you will not suffer any harm. Read full text of speech here.

October 5, 1877; Montana Territory. In 1877, the military announced that the catalog Chief Joseph and his tribe of Nez Perce had to move onto a reservation in Idaho or face retribution. Help A Analysis! Desiring to avoid violence, Chief Joseph advocated peace and cooperation. But fellow tribesmen dissented and killed four white men. Knowing a swift backlash was coming, Joseph and his people began to make their way to history essays, Canada, hoping to find amnesty there. The tribe traveled 1700 miles, fighting the a analysis paper pursuing US army along the way. In dire conditions, and after a five day battle, Chief Joseph surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles on Oct. 5, 1877 in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana Territory, a mere 40 miles from the 3 act day essay in increase Canadian border. The Chief knew he was the last of a dying breed, and help writing, the moment of surrender was heartbreaking. Tell General Howard I know his heart. What he told me before, I have it in my heart.

I am tired of fighting. Our Chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Ta Hool Hool Shute is dead. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is and dissertations catalog dead. Help Writing Paper! It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and writing, have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to death. I want to paper, have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my Chiefs!

I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands I will fight no more forever. John F. 3 Act In Increase Minutes! Kennedy, “Inauguration Address” January 20, 1961; Washington, D.C. Young, handsome, with a glamorous family in tow, John F. Kennedy embodied the writing a analysis paper fresh optimism that had marked the post-war decade.

On January 20, 1961, Kennedy took the oath of office as the 35th President of the United States. Nyu Essay 2013! The youngest president in help a analysis paper, United States history, he was the first man born in the 20th century to hold that office. Listening to his inaugural address, the nation felt that a new era and a “new frontier” were being ushered in. Can we forge against ndltd-theses and dissertations, these enemies a grand and global alliance, North and help writing a analysis, South, East and West, that can assure a more fruitful life for all mankind? Will you join in that historic effort? In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of and dissertations, defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility — I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the help writing a analysis devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it — and nyu essay prompts, the glow from that fire can truly light the world. And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you — ask what you can do for your country.

My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Address to the Nation on the Challenger” January 28, 1986; Washington, D.C. On January 28, 1986, millions of Americans, many of them schoolchildren watching from help a analysis paper their classroom desks, tuned in to what, see 7 Americans, including Christa McAuliffe, a 37 year old schoolteacher and writing, the first ever “civilian astronaut,” lift off in the space shuttle Challenger. Writing History Essays! Just 73 seconds later, the shuttle was consumed in a fireball. All seven aboard perished.

These were the first deaths of American astronauts while in flight, and help writing, the nation was shocked and writing history essays, heartbroken by the tragedy. Just a few hours after the disaster, President Ronald Reagan took to the radio and airwaves, honoring these “pioneers” and offering comfort and paper, assurance to a rattled people. We’ve grown used to wonders in this century. It’s hard to dazzle us. Day Essay In Increase Minutes Score! But for writing a analysis, 25 years the United States space program has been doing just that. We’ve grown used to the idea of space, and perhaps we forget that we’ve only just begun. Ndltd-theses! We’re still pioneers. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! They, the members of the Challenger crew, were pioneers. And I want to say something to the school children of America who were watching the live coverage of the shuttle’s takeoff.

I know it is hard to understand, but sometimes painful things like this happen. It’s all part of the process of exploration and in increase score, discovery. It’s all part of taking a chance and help writing a analysis, expanding man’s horizons. The future doesn’t belong to the fainthearted; it belongs to the brave. The Challenger crew was pulling us into the future, and we’ll continue to follow them……

The crew of the what essay space shuttle Challenger honoured us by the manner in which they lived their lives. We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for the journey and help writing paper, waved goodbye and ‘slipped the surly bonds of earth’ to ‘touch the face of God.’ Read full text of speech here. In 335 B.C., Alexander the Great began his campaign to 3 act in increase minutes score, recapture former Greek cities and to expand his empire. After ten years of undefeated battles, Alexander controlled an empire that included Greece, Egypt, and what had been the massive Persian Empire. That wasn’t enough for Xander.

He decided to continue his conquest into India. But after ten years of help writing a analysis, fighting and being away from home, his men lacked the day essay in increase minutes score will to take part in another battle, especially against an opponent like King Porus and his army. Alexander used the talent for oration he had developed while studying under Aristotle to infuse his men with the motivation they needed to continue on, to help writing, fight and to win. I could not have blamed you for being the first to lose heart if I, your commander, had not shared in your exhausting marches and your perilous campaigns; it would have been natural enough if you had done all the work merely for others to reap the reward. But it is not so. You and I, gentlemen, have shared the proposal labour and writing a analysis, shared the danger, and 2013, the rewards are for us all. Help Writing A Analysis! The conquered territory belongs to you; from your ranks the governors of it are chosen; already the greater part of its treasure passes into your hands, and when all Asia is overrun, then indeed I will go further than the mere satisfaction of our ambitions: the utmost hopes of riches or power which each one of you cherishes will be far surpassed, and whoever wishes to return home will be allowed to go, either with me or without me. Ndltd-theses And Dissertations Catalog! I will make those who stay the envy of those who return. William Wilberforce, “Abolition Speech”

May 12, 1789; House of Commons, London. When William Wilberforce, a member of the British Parliament, converted to Christianity, he began to earnestly seek to reform the evils he found within himself and the world around him. One of the glaring moral issues of the day was slavery, and after reading up on the subject and meeting with anti-slavery activists, Wilberforce became convinced that God was calling him to help writing a analysis, be an abolitionist. Wilberforce decided to concentrate on nyu essay, ending the slave trade rather than slavery itself, reasoning that the abolition of one would logically lead to the demise of the other. On May 12, 1789, Wilberforce made his first speech on the abolition of the slave trade before the House of Commons. He passionately made his case for a analysis paper, why the trade was reprehensible and needed to cease. Wilberforce introduced a bill to abolish the trade, but it failed, a result he would become quite familiar with in the ensuing years. Yet Wilberforce never gave up, reintroducing the bill year after year, and the Slave Trade Act was finally passed in 1807.

When I consider the magnitude of the subject which I am to bring before the House-a subject, in ndltd-theses and dissertations, which the interests, not of writing paper, this country, nor of Europe alone, but of the essay format whole world, and of posterity, are involved: and writing paper, when I think, at the same time, on day essay, the weakness of the advocate who has undertaken this great cause-when these reflections press upon my mind, it is impossible for me not to help paper, feel both terrified and concerned at my own inadequacy to such a task. But when I reflect, however, on writing, the encouragement which I have had, through the help a analysis whole course of example of a, a long and laborious examination of this question, and how much candour I have experienced, and how conviction has increased within my own mind, in proportion as I have advanced in my labours;-when I reflect, especially, that however averse any gentleman may now be, yet we shall all be of one opinion in the end;-when I turn myself to these thoughts, I take courage-I determine to forget all my other fears, and help writing a analysis, I march forward with a firmer step in the full assurance that my cause will bear me out, and what make, that I shall be able to justify upon the clearest principles, every resolution in writing, my hand, the avowed end of which is, the total abolition of the slave trade. Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “The Man with the Muck-rake” Theodore Roosevelt was president during the Progressive Era, a time of great enthusiasm for reform in government, the economy, and society. Of A Proposal! TR himself held many progressive ideals, but he also called for moderation, not extremism. The “Man with a Muck-rake” in Pilgrim’s Progress never looked heavenward but instead constantly raked the filth at his feet. Writing A Analysis Paper! TR thus dubbed the journalists and activists of the day who were intent on exposing the corruption in society as “muckrakers.” He felt that they did a tremendous amount of good, but needed to mitigate their constant pessimism and alarmist tone.

He worried that the sensationalism with which these exposes were often presented would make citizens overly cynical and too prone to throw out the baby with the bathwater. To assail the great and admitted evils of our political and industrial life with such crude and sweeping generalizations as to what me happy essay, include decent men in the general condemnation means the searing of the public conscience. Writing A Analysis! There results a general attitude either of cynical belief in and indifference to public corruption or else of a distrustful inability to discriminate between the good and the bad. Either attitude is fraught with untold damage to the country as a whole. The fool who has not sense to discriminate between what is good and prompts 2013, what is bad is well-nigh as dangerous as the a analysis paper man who does discriminate and yet chooses the what make essay bad. Writing Paper! There is example of a nothing more distressing to every good patriot, to every good American, than the help hard, scoffing spirit which treats the allegation of dishonesty in a public man as a cause for laughter. Such laughter is worse than the me happy crackling of thorns under a pot, for it denotes not merely the vacant mind, but the heart in which high emotions have been choked before they could grow to fruition. Read full text of speech here.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “First Inaugural Address” March 4, 1933; Washington, D.C. Franklin Delano Roosevelt handily beat incumbent Herbert Hoover in the 1932 presidential election. The country was deep into a analysis, the Great Depression, and the public felt that Hoover did not fully sympathize with their plight and was not doing enough to alleviate it. Nyu Essay Prompts! No one was quite clear on what FDR’s plan was, but as in today’s election season, “change” was enough of an idea to power a campaign. In his First Inaugural Address, Roosevelt sought to buoy up the injured psyche of the American people and present his case for a analysis paper, why he would need broad executive powers to nyu essay, tackle the Depression. I am certain that my fellow Americans expect that on my induction into the Presidency I will address them with a candor and a decision which the present situation of our Nation impels.

This is preeminently the time to speak the help writing paper truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly. Nor need we shrink from honestly facing conditions in our country today. What Essay! This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself-nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. In every dark hour of our national life a leadership of frankness and vigor has met with that understanding and support of the people themselves which is help paper essential to victory. I am convinced that you will again give that support to leadership in these critical days. Read the full text here. Charles de Gaulle, “The Appeal of admission, 18 June” In June of 1940, it was clear that France was losing their country to the German invasion. Refusing to sign an armistice, Prime Minister Paul Reynaud was forced to resign.

He was succeeded by Marshal Philippe Petain who made clear his intention to writing, seek an accommodation with Germany. Disgusted with this decision, General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Forces, escaped to England on June 15. De Gaulle asked for, and obtained permission from Winston Churchill to make a speech on BBC radio. De Gaulle exhorted the French to not give up hope and to continue the fight against the German occupation and the Vichy Regime. But has the last word been said? Must hope disappear?

Is defeat final? No! Believe me, I who am speaking to and dissertations, you with full knowledge of the facts, and help a analysis, who tell you that nothing is lost for make essay, France. The same means that overcame us can bring us victory one day. A Analysis Paper! For France is not alone!

She is not alone! She is not alone! She has a vast Empire behind her. She can align with the British Empire that holds the sea and continues the fight. She can, like England, use without limit the immense industry of the United States. This war is not limited to the unfortunate territory of our country. This war is not over as a result of the Battle of France. This war is a worldwide war.

All the mistakes, all the delays, all the suffering, do not alter the fact that there are, in the world, all the means necessary to crush our enemies one day. Vanquished today by mechanical force, in the future we will be able to overcome by a superior mechanical force. The fate of the world depends on example of a proposal essay, it. Read full text of speech here. Socrates is perhaps the greatest teacher in the history of the help writing a analysis paper Western world. He wandered around Athens engaging in ndltd-theses and dissertations, dialogues with his fellow citizens that focused on discovering the truth of all things. He taught his pupils that the “unexamined life is not worth living.” The Athenians saw Socrates as a threat, especially to the Athenian youth. Writing A Analysis! Socrates acquired quite a following among the young men of Athens. He taught these impressionable minds to question everything, even Athenian authority.

Eventually, Socrates was arrested and put on day essay minutes score, trial for corrupting the youth, not believing the gods, and help writing, creating new deities. The “Apology” is Socrates’ defense to these charges. Instead of crying and pleading for mercy, Socrates accepts his charges and attempts to persuade the jury with reason. He argued that it was his calling from the gods to seek knowledge and that it was through his questions he uncovered truth. To not fulfill his calling would be blasphemy. In the end, Socrates lost and was sentenced to death by hemlock. Socrates accepted this fate willingly and without grudge against his condemners, thus dying as a martyr for free thinking. Some one will say: Yes, Socrates, but cannot you hold your tongue, and then you may go into essays, a foreign city, and writing, no one will interfere with you? Now I have great difficulty in making you understand my answer to this. For if I tell you that to do as you say would be a disobedience to the God, and therefore that I cannot hold my tongue, you will not believe that I am serious; and if I say again that daily to discourse about virtue, and of those other things about which you hear me examining myself and others, is the greatest good of man, and that the unexamined life is not worth living, you are still less likely to believe me. George Washington, “Resignation Speech”

December 23, 1784; Annapolis, Maryland. As the Revolutionary War drew to a close, there was much speculation that George Washington, then Major General and Commander-in-Chief, would follow in the footsteps of former world leaders by making a grab for supreme power. Some even wished he would do so, hoping he would become the king of a new nation. Yet Washington knew that such a move would wither the fragile beginnings of the new republic. Looking to the Roman general Cincinnatus an exemplar, Washington rejected the temptations of and dissertations catalog, power and resigned his position as Commander-in-Chief. Help Writing! Choosing the right is almost never easy, and as Washington read his speech in front of the Continental Congress, the great statesman trembled so much that he had to day essay in increase minutes, hold the parchment with two hands to keep it steady. “The spectators all wept, and there was hardly a member of Congress who did not drop tears. Help! His voice faltered and minutes score, sunk, and the whole house felt his agitations.” When finished, Washington bolted from the door of the Annapolis State House, mounted his horse, and galloped away into the sunset. While I repeat my obligations.

to the Army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknowledge in this place the peculiar Services and distinguished merits of the Gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the War. It was impossible the choice of confidential Officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me Sir, to recommend in help writing a analysis paper, particular those, who have continued in Service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and patronage of Congress. I consider it an example proposal, indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of help writing, my Official life, by commending the Interests of our dearest Country to 3 act minutes score, the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the superintendence of them, to his holy keeping. Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theater of Action; and help writing a analysis, bidding an nyu essay 2013, Affectionate farewell to this August body under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my Commission, and a analysis paper, take my leave of all the employments of public life. Read the and dissertations catalog full text here. August 8, 1942; India. While the battle for freedom and democracy raged across the world, the people of help writing paper, India were engaged in their own fight for liberty.

For almost a century, India had been under the direct rule of the make me happy British crown, and many Indians had had enough. Mahatma Gandhi and the National Indian Congress pushed for a completely non-violent movement aimed at forcing Britain to a analysis, “Quit India.” Gandhi, pioneer of the tactics of non-violent civil disobedience, called for ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, their use on August 8, 1942 with the passing of the Quit India Resolution demanding complete independence from British rule. I believe that in the history of the world, there has not been a more genuinely democratic struggle for freedom than ours. I read Carlyle’s French Resolution while I was in prison, and help writing, Pandit Jawaharlal has told me something about the Russian revolution. But it is my conviction that inasmuch as these struggles were fought with the weapon of violence they failed to realize the democratic ideal.

In the democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Everybody will be his own master. It is to join a struggle for nyu essay prompts, such democracy that I invite you today. Once you realize this you will forget the differences between the help a analysis paper Hindus and Muslims, and think of yourselves as Indians only, engaged in the common struggle for independence. Read full text of speech here. Winston Churchill, “Their Finest Hour” June 18, 1940; House of Commons, London. On May 10, 1940, the nyu essay 2013 Germans began their invasion of writing, France. On June 14 Paris fell.

In a matter of example proposal, days, France would surrender and England would stand as Europe’s lone bulwark against the twin evils of Fascism and Nazism. At this critical moment, Churchill gave his third and final speech during the Battle of France, once again imparting words meant to help writing a analysis, bring hope in ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, this dark hour. What General Weygand called the Battle of France is over. I expect that the Battle of Britain is paper about to begin. Upon this battle depends the survival of Christian civilization. Upon it depends our own British life, and the long continuity of our institutions and our Empire. The whole fury and might of the enemy must very soon be turned on us. Hitler knows that he will have to break us in this Island or lose the war. Day Essay In Increase Minutes Score! If we can stand up to him, all Europe may be free and the life of the world may move forward into broad, sunlit uplands.

But if we fail, then the whole world, including the United States, including all that we have known and cared for, will sink into the abyss of a new Dark Age made more sinister, and perhaps more protracted, by help writing paper the lights of perverted science. Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves that if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hour.’ Read full text of speech here. William Faulkner, “Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech” December 10, 1950; Stockholm, Sweden.

A true master of the written word, William Faulkner did not often make public his gift for format for graduate, the spoken variety. So there was some interest as to what he would say when accepting the Nobel Peace Prize for his “powerful and artistically unique contribution to help writing a analysis paper, the modern American novel.” The year was 1950, the essay admission Soviet Union had tapped the potential of the atomic bomb, and the atmosphere in the the help paper United States crackled with the fear of essay admission, them using it. Faulkner challenged poets, authors, and all mankind to think beyond the writing paper questions of “When will I be blown up?” and instead continue to “create out of the materials of the human spirit something which did not exist before.” I decline to accept the and dissertations catalog end of man. It is easy enough to say that man is immortal because he will endure: that when the last ding-dong of doom has clanged and faded from the last worthless rock hanging tideless in the last red and dying evening, that even then there will still be one more sound: that of his puny inexhaustible voice, still talking. I refuse to accept this.

I believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail. He is immortal, not because he alone among creatures has an inexhaustible voice, but because he has a soul, a spirit capable of compassion and sacrifice and endurance. The poet’s, the help a analysis writer’s, duty is to write about 3 act minutes score these things. It is his privilege to help man endure by lifting his heart, by reminding him of the courage and honor and hope and pride and compassion and pity and sacrifice which have been the glory of his past. The poet’s voice need not merely be the help writing paper record of man, it can be one of the props, the pillars to essay format for graduate admission, help him endure and prevail. Read full text of speech here.

Dwight D. Eisenhower, “Farewell Address” January 17, 1961; Washington, D.C. The 1950’s were a time of ever increasing military spending, as the United States sought to fight communism abroad and prevent it at home. As President Dwight D. Eisenhower left office, more than half of the federal budget was allocated for defense purposes. Eisenhower, former General of the Army, was certainly not opposed to the use of help paper, military power to keep the peace. Still, he saw fit to use his “Farewell Address” to warn the nation of the writing history essays dangers posed by help a analysis paper the “military-industrial complex,” referring to the relationship between the armed forces, the government, and the suppliers of war materials. Eisenhower was wary of the me happy large role defense spending played in a analysis, the economy, and understood the writing essays political and corporate corruption that could result if the public was not vigilant in checking it. In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of help writing, unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex.

The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. Nyu Essay 2013! We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together. Read full text of speech here. Marcus Tullius Cicero, “The First Oration Against Catiline” Lucius Sergius Catilina (Catiline to his friends) was a very jealous man. Help Writing Paper! Having once run against Cicero for the position of consul and lost, he became determined to win the next election by any devious method necessary.

Plan A was to bribe people to vote for him, and when that didn’t work, he decided to go for bust and simply knock Cicero off on election day. This plan was ferreted out by the ever vigilant Cicero, the history essays election was postponed, and writing a analysis paper, the Senate established marital law. When the election finally was held, the murderer-cum-candidate was surprisingly trounced at prompts 2013, the polls. Now it was time for Catiline’s Plan C: raise an army of co-conspirators, create insurrection throughout Italy, overthrow the government, and slice and dice as many Senators as they could get their coo -ky hands on. But Cicero was again one step ahead and discovered the plan. He called the a analysis Senate together for a meeting at the Temple of Jupiter in the Capitol, an orifice only day essay minutes used in times of great crisis.

Catiline, who seriously didn’t know when he was not welcome, decided to crash the help writing a analysis party. With his archenemy in attendance, Cicero began his Catiline Orations, a series of essays, speeches covering how he saved Rome from rebellion, the guilt of Catiline, and the need to whack he and his cronies. I wish, O conscript fathers, to help writing, be merciful; I wish not to appear negligent amid such danger to the state; but I do now accuse myself of remissness and culpable inactivity. History Essays! A camp is pitched in help a analysis, Italy, at the entrance of Etruria, in hostility to the republic; the number of the enemy increases every day; and yet the general of that camp, the proposal leader of those enemies, we see within the walls-aye, and even in the senate-planning every day some internal injury to the republic. If, O Catiline, I should now order you to be arrested, to be put to writing, death, I should, I suppose, have to fear lest all good men should say that I had acted tardily, rather than that any one should affirm that I acted cruelly. But yet this, which ought to have been done long since, I have good reason for not doing as yet; I will put you to death, then, when there shall be not one person possible to be found so wicked, so abandoned, so like yourself, as not to allow that it has been rightly done. As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, you shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and catalog, trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic; many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, tho you shall not perceive them. Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks at the Brandenburg Gate” June 12, 1987; Brandenburg Gate, Berlin.

Since the end of World War II, Germany had been a divided country, the West free and democratic, the East under authoritarian communist control. When President Reagan took office, he was committed not only to uniting that country, but to bringing down the entire “Evil Empire.” While the importance of Reagan’s role in successfully doing so is writing endlessly debated, it beyond dispute that he exerted some influence in essay format admission, bringing the help paper Cold War to essay format for graduate admission, an end. Help A Analysis! There is no more memorable and history, symbolic moment of this influence then when Reagan stood at the Berlin wall, the most visible symbol of the “Iron Curtain,” and challenged Gorbachev to writing paper, “tear down this wall!” We welcome change and openness; for we believe that freedom and security go together, that the advance of and dissertations, human liberty can only strengthen the cause of world peace. Writing A Analysis! There is one sign the Soviets can make that would be unmistakable, that would advance dramatically the cause of freedom and peace. General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr.

Gorbachev, tear down this wall! Read full text of speech here. Pericles, master statesman, orator, and general, was truly, as Thuciydies dubbed him, “the first citizen of Athens.” Pericles was a product of the Sophists and had been personally tutored by the great philosopher Anaxagoras. His study with the and dissertations catalog Sophists made Pericles a highly persuasive orator. Through his speeches, he galvanized Athenians to undertake an enormous public works project that created hundreds of temples, including the Pantheon. Pericles’ gift of writing a analysis paper, oration was put to catalog, the test during the epic battles of the Peloponnesian War, a civil war between Athens and Sparta. His speeches inspired Athenians to fight to become the number one power in Greece.

In February of 431 B.C., Athens had their annual public funeral to help, honor all those who died in war. Pericles was asked to give the traditional funeral oration. Rather than focus his speech on enumerating the conquests of ndltd-theses catalog, Athens’ fallen heroes, Pericles instead used his funeral oration to laud the glory of Athens itself and help writing a analysis, inspire the living to make sure the soldiers had not died in vain. Over 2,000 years later, Pericles’ funeral oration inspired Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address.” Like Pericles, Lincoln was a leader during a time of format admission, civil war. Like Pericles, Lincoln focused on exhorting the living to live their lives in a way that would make the sacrifice of fallen warriors worthwhile.

So died these men as became Athenians. You, their survivors, must determine to have as unfaltering a resolution in the field, though you may pray that it may have a happier issue. And not contented with ideas derived only from words of the advantages which are bound up with the defense of your country, though these would furnish a valuable text to a speaker even before an audience so alive to them as the help a analysis present, you must yourselves realize the power of of a, Athens, and feed your eyes upon writing a analysis her from day to day, till love of writing history, her fills your hearts; and then, when all her greatness shall break upon you, you must reflect that it was by courage, sense of a analysis, duty, and a keen feeling of honor in action that men were enabled to writing history essays, win all this, and that no personal failure in an enterprise could make them consent to deprive their country of their valor, but they laid it at her feet as the most glorious contribution that they could offer. Read the full text here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Farewell Address to help writing, Congress” April 19, 1951, Washington; D.C.

During the Korean War, General MacArthur and President Truman clashed over the threat posed by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and their incursion into Korea. MacArthur continually pressed Truman for permission to writing history essays, bomb bases in Manchuria, believing the war needed to be extended in area and scope. Truman refused the General’s requests, arguing that directly drawing China into the war would arouse the Soviet Union to action. MacArthur continued to press his case, and Truman, accusing the General of insubordination, made the decision to relieve MacArthur of his command. After serving for 52 years and in three wars, the General’s military career was over. MacArthur returned to the United States and gave this farewell address to Congress. I am closing my 52 years of military service. When I joined the help a analysis paper Army, even before the turn of the essays century, it was the fulfillment of all of my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on theplain at a analysis paper, West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barrack ballads of of a essay, that day which proclaimed most proudly that “old soldiers never die; they just fade away.”

And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the help a analysis light to see that duty. Read full text of speech here. Theodore Roosevelt, “Strength and Decency” Roosevelt was an advocate of having many children and making sure the next generation would continue to uphold the great virtues of civilization. He was always concerned that young men not be coddled or cowardly, and grow up to prompts, live rugged, strenuous, and thoroughly manly lives. But he also strongly believed that being ruggedly manly and being refined in writing a analysis paper, mind and nyu essay 2013, spirit were not incompatible and help, should in fact go hand and in increase minutes, hand. In this speech, he exhorts young men to pursue virtuous manliness. Amen, brother, amen. It is peculiarly incumbent upon you who have strength to writing, set a right example to ndltd-theses, others. I ask you to remember that you cannot retain your self-respect if you are loose and foul of tongue, that a man who is to lead a clean and honorable life must inevitably suffer if his speech likewise is not clean and honorable.

Every man here knows the temptations that beset all of us in this world. At times any man will slip. A Analysis Paper! I do not expect perfection, but I do expect genuine and sincere effort toward being decent and cleanly in thought, in word, and in ndltd-theses, deed. A Analysis! As I said at the outset, I hail the work of this society as typifying one of 2013, those forces which tend to the betterment and uplifting of our social system. Our whole effort should be toward securing a combination of the strong qualities with those qualities which we term virtues. I expect you to be strong. I would not respect you if you were not. A Analysis! I do not want to see Christianity professed only by weaklings; I want to see it a moving spirit among men of strength. I do not expect you to lose one particle of your strength or courage by being decent. On the contrary, I should hope to see each man who is a member of this society, from his membership in it become all the fitter to do the rough work of the world; all the fitter to work in time of of a proposal essay, peace; and if, which may Heaven forfend, war should come, all the fitter to fight in time of war.

I desire to help a analysis, see in this country the me happy decent men strong and the strong men decent, and until we get that combination in pretty good shape we are not going to help a analysis, be by any means as successful as we should be. There is and dissertations catalog always a tendency among very young men and among boys who are not quite young men as yet to think that to be wicked is a analysis rather smart; to think it shows that they are men. Oh, how often you see some young fellow who boasts that he is going to “see life,” meaning by that that he is going to see that part of life which it is a thousandfold better should remain unseen! Read full text of speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “2nd Inaugural Address” March 4, 1865; Washington, D.C. The Union’s victory was but a month away as Abraham Lincoln began his second term as president of a bitterly ruptured United States.

Like the Gettysburg Address, Lincoln keeps this speech only writing history as long as needful. While there are those who still debate whether the a analysis paper Civil War was truly fought over slavery or not, Lincoln certainly believed so. To him, slavery was a great national sin, and the blood shed during the war was the atoning sacrifice for ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, that evil. He does not relish the prospect of coming victory; instead, he appeals to help, his countrymen to remember that the war was truly fought between brothers. When the war was over and the Confederacy forced to return to the Union, Lincoln was prepared to nyu essay prompts, treat the South with relative leniency. He did not believe secession was truly possible, and writing, thus the South had never truly left the Union. Reconstruction would not mean vengeance, but the and dissertations catalog return home of a terribly errant son. Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of paper, war may speedily pass away.

Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said “the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.” With malice toward none, with charity for proposal, all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on help paper, to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to nyu essay prompts 2013, care for him who shall have borne the writing a analysis battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. Read full text of speech here. Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!” For a decade, revolutionary sentiments had been brewing in Virginia and Patrick Henry had always been in the thick of it, stirring the pot. Henry became particularly enflamed by prompts 2013 the Stamp Act of 1764, which prompted him to give his so-called “treason speech,” spurring the Burgesses to pass the help writing paper Virginia Resolves banning the essay for graduate admission act.

Tensions between the colonies and the Crown continued to build, and in 1775, Massachusetts patriots began making preparations for war. Henry believed that Virginia should follow suit. At a meeting held in help writing paper, St. John’s Church in Richmond, Henry presented resolutions to make ready Virginia’s defenses. And Dissertations! Seeking to a analysis paper, persuade his fellow delegates of the urgency of minutes score, his message, he gave a rousing and memorable speech, climaxing is that now famous line, “Give me liberty of give me death!” The battle, sir, is help writing a analysis paper not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to for graduate, desire it, it is help a analysis paper now too late to prompts 2013, retire from the contest. There is no retreat but in submission and slavery!

Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable — and paper, let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come! It is in essay admission, vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, “Peace! Peace!” — but there is help writing paper no peace.

The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery?

Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death! Read full text of speech here. Ronald Reagan, “40th Anniversary of D-Day” June 6, 1984; Pointe du Hoc, France. What the essays Army Rangers did on D-Day at Pointe Du Hoc is a tale every man worth his salt should be familiar with. Pointe du Hoc was a sheer 100 foot cliff located in-between Omaha and Utah beaches. Perched atop the cliff sat six casemates capable of a analysis, being manned, armed, and taking out the men on the beaches. As the Germans fired upon them, the Rangers scaled the cliff using ropes and writing history, ladders, found the guns (which had been moved from the casemates) and destroyed them.

Without reinforcements for two days, the Rangers alone held their position and fended off German counterattacks. These skirmishes proved deadly; only 90 of the original 225 Ranger landing force survived. On the 40 th anniversary of D-Day, President Reagan gave a moving tribute to these men, many of whom were present at the occasion. These are the boys of help paper, Pointe du Hoc. These are the men who took the cliffs. Of A Proposal! These are the champions who helped free a continent. These are the heroes who helped end a war. Gentlemen, I look at you and I think of the words of Stephen Spender’s poem. You are men who in your ‘lives fought for life…and left the vivid air signed with your honor’… Forty summers have passed since the battle that you fought here.

You were young the day you took these cliffs; some of you were hardly more than boys, with the deepest joys of life before you. Yet you risked everything here. Why? Why did you do it? What impelled you to put aside the instinct for self-preservation and risk your lives to take these cliffs? What inspired all the help writing paper men of the writing essays armies that met here? We look at you, and somehow we know the answer. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! It was faith, and belief; it was loyalty and love. The men of prompts 2013, Normandy had faith that what they were doing was right, faith that they fought for all humanity, faith that a just God would grant them mercy on this beachhead or on the next. It was the deep knowledge — and help a analysis paper, pray God we have not lost it — that there is a profound moral difference between the use of force for liberation and the use of force for conquest.

You were here to day essay, liberate, not to conquer, and so you and those others did not doubt your cause. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! And you were right not to and dissertations catalog, doubt. Read full text of speech here. May 25, 1961; Houston, TX. On April 12, 1961, the Soviets launched the first man into space. Khrushchev used this triumph as prime evidence of communism’s superiority over decadent capitalism.

Embarrassed, the United States feared it was falling behind the Soviet Union and losing the “space race.” After consulting with political and NASA officials, Kennedy decided it was time for America to boldly go where no man had gone before by putting a man on the moon. The feat would not only help writing a analysis paper catapult the nation over prompts, the Soviet Union, but also allow man to more fully explore the mysteries of space. And this mission would be accomplished by the end of the 1960’s. When was the last time a president had the cajones to publicly issue a straightforward, ambitious goal and help a analysis paper, set a timeline for its success? There is prompts no strife, no prejudice, no national conflict in outer space as yet. Writing Paper! Its hazards are hostile to example of a essay, us all. Its conquest deserves the best of all mankind, and its opportunity for peaceful cooperation many never come again. But why, some say, the moon? Why choose this as our goal?

And they may well ask why climb the highest mountain? Why, 35 years ago, fly the a analysis paper Atlantic? Why does Rice play Texas? We choose to go to the moon. Writing History! We choose to help paper, go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to writing essays, organize and measure the best of writing a analysis, our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and what, one which we intend to win, and the others, too. Read full text of speech here.

Frederick Douglass, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” July 5, 1852; Rochester, NY. Frederick Douglass, former slave, abolitionist, and engineer on writing paper, the underground railroad, was a popular speaker on the anti-slavery circuit. History! He traveled thousands of miles each year, giving hundreds of speeches. Yet the money he earned from a analysis paper lecturing was not enough to become financially comfortable, and he and his family struggled.

Douglass was disillusioned by the repercussions of the Fugitive Slave Act, and his abolitionist leanings grew more strident and bold. If the citizens of Rochester, New York had expected to example proposal essay, be flattered by Douglass when they asked him to speak on the Fourth, they were soon disavowed of that idea. Douglass took the a analysis paper opportunity to defiantly point out the ripe hypocrisy of a nation celebrating their ideals of 3 act day essay in increase minutes score, freedom and equality while simultaneously mired in the evil of a analysis paper, slavery. While the speech surely made even the most liberal audience members squirm; nonetheless, the crowed let loose in “universal applause” when Douglass finished. I am not included within the for graduate pale of this glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you this day rejoice are not enjoyed in common. Help Writing Paper! The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence bequeathed by your fathers is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought life and healing to you has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth of July is yours, not mine. Youmay rejoice, I must mourn.

To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of what make me happy, liberty, and call upon him to join you in help paper, joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking me to speak today? Read full text of speech here. General Douglas MacArthur, “Duty, Honor, Country” May 12, 1962; West Point, New York. General Douglas MacArthur, General of the Army and a man who fought in three wars, knew something of essay, “Duty, Honor, Country.” In 1962, MacArthur was in the twilight of help writing, his life and came to West Point to accept the 2013 Sylvanus Thayer Award and participate in his final cadet roll call.

His address reflects upon and celebrates the brave and courageous men who came before, men he personally led, men who embodied “Duty, Honor, Country.” There are many great speeches in this list, but I hope you will pause to writing, read the entirety of this one. Picking an excerpt was quite difficult, as so many of the passages are inspiring. A must read for 3 act day essay in increase score, all men. You are the leaven which binds together the entire fabric of our national system of defense. From your ranks come the help writing a analysis paper great captains who hold the nation’s destiny in ndltd-theses catalog, their hands the moment the help paper war tocsin sounds. The Long Gray Line has never failed us. Writing! Were you to do so, a million ghosts in olive drab, in help a analysis, brown khaki, in blue and gray, would rise from their white crosses thundering those magic words: Duty, Honor, Country . This does not mean that you are war mongers. On the contrary, the soldier, above all other people, prays for and dissertations catalog, peace, for help, he must suffer and bear the deepest wounds and scars of war.

But always in our ears ring the ominous words of Plato, that wisest of all philosophers: “Only the dead have seen the end of and dissertations catalog, war.” The shadows are lengthening for me. The twilight is a analysis here. My days of of a essay, old have vanished, tone and tint. They have gone glimmering through the dreams of things that were. Their memory is writing a analysis paper one of wondrous beauty, watered by tears, and coaxed and caressed by the smiles of yesterday. I listen vainly, but with thirsty ears, for the witching melody of faint bugles blowing reveille, of writing history, far drums beating the long roll. In my dreams I hear again the crash of guns, the writing paper rattle of ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, musketry, the strange, mournful mutter of the paper battlefield. But in writing essays, the evening of my memory, always I come back to West Point. Always there echoes and re-echoes: Duty, Honor, Country . Read full text of speech here.

Theodore Roosevelt, “Citizenship in a Republic” At the end of Theodore Roosevelt’s second term in office, he set out to a analysis, tour Africa and Europe, hoping to allow his successor, President Taft, to step into the enormous shoes TR had left and essay format, become his own man. After a safari in Africa, he traveled throughout Europe. While in France, he was invited to speak at the historic University of Paris. Roosevelt used the writing a analysis paper opportunity to deliver a powerful address on the requirements of citizenship, the characteristics which would keep democracies like France and the United States robust and writing essays, strong. This speech is famous for help writing, the “man in the arena” quote, but the entire speech is an absolute must read. Let the essay for graduate man of learning, the man of lettered leisure, beware of help writing, that queer and cheap temptation to pose to himself and to others as a cynic, as the man who has outgrown emotions and beliefs, the make essay man to whom good and evil are as one. The poorest way to face life is to face it with a sneer. There are many men who feel a kind of twister pride in cynicism; there are many who confine themselves to criticism of the way others do what they themselves dare not even attempt.

There is no more unhealthy being, no man less worthy of respect, than he who either really holds, or feigns to hold, an attitude of sneering disbelief toward all that is great and lofty, whether in achievement or in that noble effort which, even if it fails, comes to second achievement. A cynical habit of help writing a analysis, thought and ndltd-theses catalog, speech, a readiness to criticise work which the critic himself never tries to perform, an intellectual aloofness which will not accept contact with life’s realities – all these are marks, not as the possessor would fain to think, of superiority but of help writing, weakness. They mark the men unfit to bear their part painfully in the stern strife of living, who seek, in the affection of contempt for history, the achievements of others, to hide from others and from themselves in their own weakness. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! The rA?le is essays easy; there is a analysis paper none easier, save only the rA?le of the ndltd-theses and dissertations man who sneers alike at both criticism and help a analysis paper, performance. It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in writing history essays, the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the writing a analysis great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and ndltd-theses catalog, timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat. Read full text of speech here. Winston Churchill, “Blood, Sweat, and Tears” May 13, 1940; House of help writing a analysis, Commons, London. Winston Churchill’s first speech to the House of Commons as Britain’s new Prime Minister got off to an auspicious start. His welcome to essays, that assembly was quite tepid, while outgoing PM Neville Chamberlain was enthusiastically applauded (the world did not yet know just how disastrous his appeasement policies would prove and did not trust Churchill).

But Churchill’s first speech, the first of three powerful oratories he gave during the Battle of France, would prove that England was in more than capable hands. A seemingly unstoppable Hitler was advancing rapidly across Europe, and Churchill wasted no time in calling his people to arms. While TR had actually been the writing a analysis paper first to utter the phrase, “blood, sweat and tears,” it was Churchill’s use of these words that would leave an inedible and inspiring impression upon the world’s mind. I say to essay format, the House as I said to ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many months of struggle and paper, suffering. You ask, what is our policy? I say it is to essay format admission, wage war by land, sea, and help a analysis, air. War with all our might and with all the strength God has given us, and to wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in in increase minutes, the dark and writing paper, lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask, what is our aim?

I can answer in one word. Format! It is victory. Help Writing A Analysis! Victory at all costs – Victory in spite of all terrors – Victory, however long and hard the of a essay road may be, for without victory there is no survival. Read full text of speech here. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation” December 8, 1941; Washington, D.C.

The attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941, shocked the United States to help, its core, outraging a nation that had hoped to stay out of the mounting turmoil in Asia and Europe. Writing! Overnight, the country united in desire to enter the war. The day after the attacks, FDR addressed the nation in a brief, but electrifying speech, declaring war on Japan and giving assurance that the United States would attain victory. Be sure to listen to the audio of the speech. Imagine every American family, rattled and worried, listening around the a analysis paper radio to what their president would say. They knew their whole world was about to change forever.

Listen to the reaction of Congress as they applaud and 3 act day essay minutes score, cheer FDR’s words. The emotion is help writing a analysis paper so very real and palatable; it truly transports you back to that critical moment in time. Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, members of the Senate and the House of Representatives: yesterday, December 7, 1941- a date which will live in infamy -the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan….. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.

No matter how long it may take us to writing essays, overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in help paper, their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make it very certain that this form of essay format for graduate admission, treachery shall never again endanger us. Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at help a analysis, the fact that our people, our territory and and dissertations catalog, our interests are in writing, grave danger. With confidence in our armed forces-with the unbounding determination of our people-we will gain the inevitable triumph-so help us God. Read the full text here. Jesus Christ, “The Sermon on the Mount” Whether one believes that Jesus of Nazareth was the Son of writing essays, God or simply a wise teacher, it is impossible to deny the impact of writing, perhaps the world’s most famous speech: The Sermon on of a proposal, the Mount. No speech has been more pondered, more influential, or more quoted. It introduced a prayer now familiar the world over and uttered in trenches, churches, and bedsides around the globe.

It introduced a code of conduct billions of believers have adopted as their lofty, if not not always attainable, goal. While much of the sermon has roots in Jewish law, the advice given in the Beatitudes represented a dramatic and radical departure from the eye for an eye system of justice known in help writing paper, the ancient world. The standards of behavior outlined in the sermon have given believers and non-believers alike plenty to contemplate and discuss in the two thousand years since it was given. Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after. righteousness: for they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful: for make, they shall obtain mercy.

Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Blessed are the help writing a analysis peacemakers: for they shall be called the. children of God. Blessed are they which are persecuted for in increase minutes score, righteousness’ sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. See Matthew Chapter 5-7 for full text. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have a Dream” August 28, 1963; Washington, D.C. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream Speech” is hands down one of the greatest, if not the greatest, pieces of help writing a analysis, oratory in American history. King’s charisma, skills in rhetoric, and nyu essay, passion, place him in help a analysis paper, a league of writing essays, his own. A century after slavery ended, a century after African-Americans were promised full equality, black children were being hosed down in the streets, spat upon, bused to separate schools, turned away from help writing a analysis paper restaurants, and denied treatment as full human beings.

In this midst of this egregious track record, Dr. King voiced a clear, compelling message of hope, a dream that things would not always be as they were, and prompts 2013, that a new day was coming. Many people have seen excerpts of the speech, but a surprisingly number of adults my age I have never sat down and watched the speech in its entirety. I challenge you to do just that. Help Writing! It is just as electrifying and moving today as it was in 1963. I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification – one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out 2013 of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the help paper jangling discords of our nation into day essay minutes score, a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to writing paper, stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. This will be the day, this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to example proposal, sing with new meaning “My country ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my father’s died, land of the help writing a analysis paper Pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring!” Read full text of speech here. Listen to prompts 2013, the speech here. Abraham Lincoln, “The Gettysburg Address” November 19, 1863; Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

272 words. 3 minutes long. Yet, the help a analysis paper Gettysburg Address is what essay unarguably one of the greatest pieces of rhetoric in American history. Writing! Dr. J Rufus Fears (one of the great modern orators) argues that the Gettysburg Address, along with the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, form the three founding documents of American freedom. And I have to agree.

The Battle of Gettysburg left 8,000 men dead. The bodies were too numerous to bury properly and many were at first placed in shallow graves. Weeks after the catalog battle, heads and writing, arms were sticking up through the ground and the smell of rotting flesh was sickening. Money was raised for a proper reburial, and it was decided that the new cemetery should be dedicated, to sweeten the air of Gettysburg, to solemnize this place of death. Nyu Essay! As was traditional, a great orator, in this case, Edward Everett, was asked to give a solemn and grand speech as a memorial to the fallen men. Help! Lincoln was asked 2 months later, almost as a causal afterthought. He was to add a few remarks to Everett’s, a function much like the man with the ceremonial scissors who cuts the ribbon. Legends has it that Lincoln’s remarks were the product of pure inspiration, penned on the back of an envelope on the train chugging its way to nyu essay prompts 2013, the soon-to-be hallowed grounds of Gettysburg.

On the day of the help writing dedication, Everett kept the crowd enthralled for a full two hours. Lincoln got up, gave his speech, and sat down even before the photographer had finished setting up for a picture. Prompts! There was a long pause before anyone applauded, and then the help applause was scattered and polite. Not everyone immediately realized the magnificence of Lincoln’s address. But some did. In a letter to Lincoln, Everett praised the President for his eloquent and ndltd-theses and dissertations, concise speech, saying, “I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion, in two hours, as you did in two minutes.” And of course, in time, we have come to fully appreciate the genius and beauty of the words spoken that day. Dr. Fears argues that Lincoln’s address did more than memorialize the fallen soldiers at Gettysburg; it accomplished nothing short of help writing a analysis, transforming the entire meaning of the Civil War.

There were no details of the battle mentioned in the speech, no mentioning of soldier’s names, of Gettysburg itself, of the South nor the Union, states rights nor secession. Rather, Lincoln meant the speech to be something far larger, a discourse on make, the experiment testing whether government can maintain the a analysis proposition of equality. At Gettysburg, the Constitution experienced a transformation. The first birth has been tainted by slavery. The men, of both North and South, lying in the graves at Gettysburg had made an atoning sacrifice for this great evil. And the Constitution would be reborn, this time living up to essays, its promises of freedom and equality for all. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of help writing paper, that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate – we cannot consecrate – we cannot hallow – this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to ndltd-theses, the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for writing paper, us to be here dedicated to writing history essays, the great task remaining before us – that from help paper these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion – that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain – that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom – and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

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Analytical Skills List and help a analysis Examples. What are analytical skills, and why are they important in example of a proposal essay the workplace? Analytical skills refer to the ability to collect and analyze information, problem-solve, and make decisions. These strengths can help solve a company’s problems, and increase and benefit a company’s productivity. Here#39;s information on why employers seek employees with these types of skills, as well as a list of writing paper, analytical skills that employers are looking for history essays in resumes, cover letters, job applications, and a analysis interviews. Included is a detailed list of the five most important analytical skills, as well as a longer list of even more analytical skills. Also see below for a list of keywords related to analytical skills, which you can include in your job application.

Why Employers Value Analytical Skills. Employers look for employees with the ability to investigate a problem and nyu essay prompts 2013 find a solution in help writing a analysis a timely, efficient manner. Essay. To solve problems, employees need strong analytical skills. Hiring managers desire a person who uses clear, logical steps and excellent judgment to understand an issue from all angles before executing an paper, action. Solutions can be reached by format for graduate, clear-cut, methodical approaches or more creative and lateral angles, depending on the objective. Help Writing A Analysis. Both of these ways of solving a problem take analytical skills. Analytical skills might sound technical, but we use these skills in format for graduate everyday life through detecting patterns, brainstorming, observation, interpreting data, integrating new information, theorizing, and help a analysis paper making decisions based on multiple factors and options available. Format For Graduate. These essential skills are required by employers for help writing a analysis paper many different types of jobs in a variety of format, fields, including business analytics, data architecture, data science, marketing, project management, accounting, business development, programming, law, medicine, and science.

You can use these skills lists throughout your job search process. A Analysis. Firstly, you can use these skill words in your resume. In the description of your work history, you might want to use some of these key words. Secondly, you can use these in your cover letter. Prompts 2013. In the body of your letter, you can mention one or two of writing a analysis paper, these skills, and give a specific example of a time when you demonstrated those skills at work. Finally, you can use these skill words in me happy an interview. Help A Analysis Paper. Make sure you have at least one example for a time you demonstrated each of the top 5 skills listed here. Of course, each job will require different skills and experiences, so make sure you read the job description carefully, and focus on 2013 the skills listed by the employer. Having strong analytical skills means nothing if you cannot share your analysis with others. You need to writing paper, be an effective communicator who can explain the patterns you see in ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog the data. Sometimes you will have to explain information orally, such in a meeting or presentation.

Other times, you will have to a analysis, write a report. Thus, you need to have both strong written and oral communication skills. Often, analyzing requires a creative eye to spot trends in the data that others wouldn’t find. Creativity is also important when it comes to problem solving. Employees often must think outside of the box to come up with effective solutions to big problems.

Critical thinking is necessary for having strong analytical skills. Critical thinking refers to evaluating information and then making a decision based on your findings. Critical thinking is what helps an employee make decisions that help solve problems for the company. No matter what your career field, being good at minutes, analysis means being able to a analysis paper, examine a large volume of data and find trends in that data. You have to go beyond just reading and make essay understanding information, to making sense of it, and finding patterns. Help A Analysis. Often, an employee has to for graduate, first collect data or information before analyzing it. After all, you must learn more about writing paper, a problem before solving it. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! Therefore, an important analytical skill is being able to collect data and research a topic. Keywords are an important component of a job application because hiring managers use the essay format for graduate admission, words and phrases of writing, a resume and cover letter to prompts 2013, screen job applicants (often through recruitment management software). By including words that the employer is looking for, you are more likely to make it through to the next round of the hiring process.

Here is a list of analytical keywords for resumes, cover letters and job applications. Analytical Analytics Analyzing Benchmarking Big data Bivariate Business analysis Business intelligence Calculating Case analysis CATWOE Causal relationships Cohort analysis Company analysis Comparative analysis Correlation Cost analysis Credit analysis Critical analysis Critical thinking. Data analysis Data analytics Data mining Deductive reasoning Descriptive analysis Diagnosing Dissecting Enhancing productivity Evaluating Financial analysis Fourier analysis Fundamental analysis Heptalysis Identifying cost savings Improving Industry analysis Inferential Interpreting. Loglinear analysis MATLAB MOST Multiway data analysis Optimization Pacing analysis PESTLE Policy analysis Predictive analytics Predictive modeling Prescriptive analytics Price earnings ratio Price earnings to growth Principal component analysis Prioritizing Problem solving Process analysis. Qualitative analysis Quantitative analysis Resolving Restructuring Return on investment (ROI) Rhetorical analysis Risk assessment SAS Scatter plots Scenario analysis SCRS Sentimental analysis Social analysis SPSS Statistical analysis Strategic planning Streamlining processes Structured data analysis SWOT Technical analysis Trouble shooting Univariate.

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New Fabian Essays, edited by help writing paper, R. H. S. Crossman. BRITISH socialism has long been a stumbling block to European Marxists and American liberals alike. Standing midway between laissezfaire and George Lichtheim 1952-11-01. New Fabian Essays. by R. Example Of A Proposal! H. S. Crossman.

Turnstile Press, London. Paper! 215 pp. $3.25 . British socialism has long been a stumbling block to for graduate admission European Marxists and American liberals alike. Standing midway between laissez-faire and total planning, critical of capitalism and contemptuous of help writing paper Communism, democratic and yet (in its Fabian form) mildly authoritarianit has been something of nyu essay a puzzle to friends at home and enemies abroad. Help Writing A Analysis! Of late it also seems to have become a puzzle to example itself, and voices are being raised that question whether it is paper, not an unprofitable compromise rather than a successful synthesis. Essay For Graduate Admission! These mutterings have multiplied since the demise of the Labor government of 1945-51, and it was presumably by writing a analysis paper, way of self-criticism that the Fabian Society earlier this year authorized the publication of eight scholarly essays, with a brief preface by Clement Attlee, under the promising title New Fabian Essays . The contrast between this rather introspective volume and the confident tone assumed by the original Fabian Essays of 1889 has not been lost upon example of a proposal essay, unfriendly critics, and there has been a good deal of comment to the general effect that the new Fabians, unlike their spiritual ancestors, are by no means sure of the road they propose to travel. As against this, simple fairness compels the writing, statement that the new Essays are both clearer in intent and format for graduate more precise in their use of socialist methodology than the 1889 volume. People who talk glibly of a decline cannot have read the original Essays , which are with one exception-Bernard Shaw’sremarkably dull and by help writing a analysis, no means impressive in score their intellectual content. The only essay in the present collection which compares badly with the precursors is that by R. H. S. Crossman, who assumes the mantle of Shaw and is duly smothered by a garment fit to be worn only by a genius. Where Shaw talked brilliant nonsense, and occasionally brilliant sense, Mr. Crossman serves up slapdash journalistic judgments on subjects beyond his purview, from theology to morals.

But this is the only failure. Denis Healey writes trenchantly on foreign affairs, Mrs. G. D. Writing A Analysis Paper! H. Cole has something valuable to make me happy say about education, and Messrs. Help Writing Paper! Strachey, Jenkins, Crosland, Mikardo, and Albu get to grips with economics in a manner which is impressive for its combination of hardheaded common sense and mastery of the technical apparatus. It is no criticism of their ability, but rather of the Fabian approach as a whole, to say that the effect of this important book is nonetheless disturbingly negative. The reasons why this is so have to 3 act in increase minutes score do in help writing a analysis paper part with Britain’s unsolved, and nyu essay prompts perhaps insoluble, economic problems, and in part with the dominating role of the help, American economy, which has reduced the socialist experiment in day essay in increase score Britain to writing the status of an interesting but minor phenomenon in Northwestern Europemore or less on a par with the socialist regime in Sweden which, unlike its British counterpart, has endured uninterruptedly for twenty years and proved an astonishing economic success. This double awareness of partial failure and wholesale decline in ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog status nags at the consciousness of the eight authors, and produces a series of reactions ranging from Mr. Crossman’s and Mrs. Cole’s barely veiled “third force” neutralism to John Strachey’s frank acknowledgment that everything depends upon the continuance of enlightened Keynesian policies in the United States. Mr. Writing A Analysis! Strachey states quite bluntly that there will shortly be a major breakdown in international trade unless masses of capital are moved to ndltd-theses and dissertations the backward countries to step up food and raw material production; and help writing a analysis paper that only the United States can do the job on the requisite scale.

And Mr. Crosland, though a shade less pessimistic about the probable impact on Britain of long-term economic changes abroad, is equally emphatic in holding that social stability in Britain depends on economic stability in America. Make Me Happy! There is writing a analysis, little to choose between the general outlook of these writers and that of the surviving New Dealers in Washington, except that the social side of essay for graduate admission Keynesianisma well-oiled and efficient capitalist societymakes no appeal to them. They are, however, quite aware that it will for a long time continue to be the ideal of most liberals and labor leaders in help writing a analysis America, and Mr. Of A Proposal Essay! Crosland even suggests American capitalism can function for help, another century along orthodox lines: “The further transition to statism will either take a century or not occur at all unless (and these are two crucial conditions) either the cold war and high rearmament persists for twenty years, in which case statism will make a gradual entry, or the United States reverts to pre-war figures of unemployment.” There is nothing in this to which orthodox defenders of capitalism can take objection. Inevitablyif you are a liberal Keynesian the question arises why what is good enough for the United States should not be equally good or perhaps even better, i.e., more urgently neededfor Britain. Me Happy Essay! Few people, after all, would maintain that British capitalism functions with ideal efficiency, or has absorbed all that America can teach. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! At this point it becomes difficult to disentangle the socialist argument from the national one.

Both come to the same, namely, that liberal capitalism is no longer viable in Britain. It is a phase which has passed with the disappearance of the peculiar 19th-century combination of factors that made it possible, and its place is writing history, being taken by what Mr. Crosland has the a analysis, courage to nyu essay prompts call “statism,” although some Labor ministers and propagandists not long ago maintained, for help writing a analysis, public consumption, that it was the British form of socialism. “Statism” is, briefly, the “mixed economy” with the Welfare State superimposed on it. It is example of a essay, not socialism becausehere we encounter the Fabian shibbolethequality has not (vet) been achieved. But it is a step on the road, and it depends on writing paper the political capacity of the Labor movement whether the essays, next step is shortly going to be taken. That, more or less, is the argument.

And although it is qualifiedespecially in Mr. Strachey’s essayby reminders that the British economy is at the mercy of help a analysis paper world forces beyond its control, there is an underlying suggestion that British socialism has already proved viable. The Labor government of 1945-51, it is catalog, held, was successful in planning the mixed economy, and it now depends upon purely politicali.e., parliamentaryfactors how soon the next big step towards socialism (defined as greater social equality between classes and individuals) is to be taken. Writing Paper! We know how to 3 act score plan. All we need now is a clearer view of what we want the paper, socialist society to be like, as regards such matters as educational equality, income equalization, and workers’ control in industry.

Provided no one drops an atom bomb on us, the writing essays, Garden of help paper Eden is in sight if the boys at in increase score, the back of the hall will only keep quiet and help paper let us get on with the job. What we seem to lack at the moment is a parliamentary majority, and that is largely the fault of the of a proposal, Liberals, who deserted us at the point where the Keynesian technique had made capitalism viable once more and help paper removed the threat of a total breakdown. Unlike the Liberals, who merely demand that there shall be no mass unemployment, we stand for complete social democracy, and since we know how to plan, and since Britain is a democratic country where the majority rules, we shall eventually get sufficient support. As against this restatement of the orthodox Fabian position, which has behind it the me happy essay, established political leadership, two different kinds of criticism have made themselves heard within the Labor party: that of the left, which flatly challenges the assertion that Labor has shown itself able to plan, and that of the pessimists among the economic experts who point out a analysis paper, that Britain’s problem is not how to become more democratic but how to survive. These criticisms overlap to some extent, and essay format for graduate of late they have been fused into a very trenchant and highly effective argument employed by socialists on the right and left wings of the help writing paper, movementE. F. Schumacher (in Twentieth Century’) , G. D. H. Essay Format For Graduate Admission! Cole (in the help, New Statesman’) , and T. Essays! Balogh (in the Tribune) . These writers are all economists of considerable technical repute, and their philosophies range from Christian Socialism to Marxism. About the help a analysis, only thing they have in common is essay admission, a conviction that the Fabian solution is not only inadequate, but has already failed, and that very radicaland more definitely socialist policies will be required if the next Labor government is to drag the country out of the help writing a analysis paper, economic morass in which it is firmly stuck at the moment.

G. Ndltd-theses! D. H. Cole has shocked the readers of the help writing, New Statesman by flatly stating that the eight billion dollars obtained since 1945 have been largely misused to maintain a standard of consumption that Britain cannot afford; and while he and Mr. Balogh are sharply critical of the Labor government’s readiness to accept American demands for rearmament, the format for graduate admission, gravamen of their charge is directed against the failure to underpin the paper, expensive Welfare State with a strictly planned and more efficient economy. This was possible in 1945, when the Labor government had inherited a vast system of wartime controls which it promptly began to demolish for the sake of popularity and the good will of Keynesian liberals. It was possible also because in what 1945 the whole country was ready for help a analysis paper, a radical break with the past. The middle classes were willing to give austerity and socialism a chance provided Labor showed itself able to solve the prompts 2013, national problem, which is a problem of insufficient productivity . They have now swung back to their traditional attitude, and a analysis paper so have the workers. The boat, in other words, has been missed perhaps for good. And it has been missed because those in control were the very Fabians who are now trying to justify their historic failure by calling it an experiment in building up the 3 act in increase score, Welfare State. The Welfare State has indeed been built up and help a analysis paper its economic foundations are now crumbling because first things were not put first. In Increase Minutes! But that is the logic of Fabianism, which has always, as a movement, taken British leadership or at least Britain’s economic viabilityfor granted. Fabianism is help writing a analysis, distributist socialism; from the beginning it has been concerned not with production but with consumption.

It was assumed that the economic problem had been, or would be, solvedby capitalism. The task of me happy essay socialists was to make society more democratic, more equal, and more human. Even in this latest volume, issued in writing the year 1952, there is only passing reference to the world food shortage, the 2013, menacing change in the terms of paper trade, and the need to invest capital in overseas food-producing areas. And just as on the economic side the Fabians have taken capitalism for granted, so on the social side they have taken it for granted that increasing doses of democracy would bring about the socialist way of 2013 life. But what does more democracy mean to help writing paper a fluctuating mass of what people distracted by cinemas and Sunday tabloids, and shortly to writing a analysis paper be deluged by commercially sponsored television programs as well?

More of the same article? But what if public apathy turns out to be the national problem? How does it get cured by having larger doses of format commercial slush stuffed down the help writing paper, public throat? “Perhaps the question of commercial broadcasting is more important, from this point of view, than the question whether the cement industry should be placed under public control,” says E. F. Schumacher ironically. He stands in the moderate wing of the Labor party, but no one has hit off with more devastating accuracy the mental and moral vacuum that serves the Morrisonian school as a substitute for a socialist consciousness. That the right wing is getting alarmed may be inferred from the recent sponsorship by Mr.

Attlee and other Labor bigwigs of a pamphlet modestly labeled Socialism: A New Statement of Principles . The pamphlet the work of a group of intellectuals known as Socialist Unionis a feeble enough affair, but at least it raises in 3 act day essay a timid way the question what exactly socialists are supposed to believe in, apart from the need to control cement output. No such problem worries the Fabians. It is of course possible to writing a analysis paper fall into ndltd-theses the opposite error of preaching morals where what is help writing, needed is a definite program of action. And no doubt the Morrisonian wing of the of a essay, movement will cap its political weakness by an even more fervent adherence to the great moral commonplaces proudly paraded in the Socialist Union pamphlet. Ethical preaching can become a substitute for clear thinking. Paper! It has already provoked an intellectual spokesman of the left to exclaim: We don’t need a new statement of ethical principles!

They were given to us in essay format the Sermon on the Mount! What we need is a program for paper, socialist planning. No doubt. But this particular charge cannot be addressed to the Fabians, for the New Fabian Essays contain neither. What they bring is an able defense of the Labor government’s achievement, and a program for example proposal, making Britain more democratic. It is hardly enough, unless one tacitly assumes that the next Labor government, like that of 1945-51, will obtain American subsidies to keep the Welfare State going.

It is not an exhilarating prospect. Choose your plan and help a analysis paper pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for 3 act score, existing subscribers wishing to help paper purchase a gift subscription. Essays! Click here for more details. New Fabian Essays, edited by R. A Analysis! H. S. Crossman. The Terrible American Turn Toward Illiberalism. Can it be reversed?

Sohrab Ahmari 2017-09-13. Writing in these pages last year (“Illiberalism: The Worldwide Crisis,” July/August 2016), I described this surge of intemperate politics as a global phenomenon, a crisis of illiberalism stretching from France to the Philippines and from South Africa to Greece. Essays! Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, I argued, were articulating American versions of this growing challenge to liberalism. By “liberalism,” I was referring not to the left or center-left but to writing the philosophy of individual rights, free enterprise, checks and balances, and cultural pluralism that forms the common ground of politics across the 3 act in increase minutes, West. Less a systematic ideology than a posture or sensibility, the new illiberalism nevertheless has certain core planks. Chief among these are a conspiratorial account of paper world events; hostility to free trade and finance capital; opposition to immigration that goes beyond reasonable restrictions and nyu essay bleeds into virulent nativism; impatience with norms and procedural niceties; a tendency toward populist leader-worship; and skepticism toward international treaties and help writing a analysis paper institutions, such as NATO, that provide the writing, scaffolding for help writing paper, the U.S.-led postwar order. The new illiberals, I pointed out, all tend to admire established authoritarians to varying degrees. Prompts! Trump, along with France’s Marine Le Pen and many others, looks to Vladimir Putin.

For Sanders, it was Hugo Chavez’s Venezuela, where, the help writing a analysis, Vermont socialist said in essay format for graduate 2011, “the American dream is more apt to help writing paper be realized.” Even so, I argued, the crisis of illiberalism traces mainly to discontents internal to liberal democracies. Trump’s election and his first eight months in office have confirmed the thrust of my predictions, if not all of the ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog, policy details. On the policy front , the new president has proved too undisciplined, his efforts too wild and haphazard, to reorient the help writing paper, U.S. Writing History! government away from postwar liberal order. The courts blunted the “Muslim ban.” The Trump administration has reaffirmed Washington’s commitment to defend treaty partners in Europe and writing paper East Asia. Trumpian grumbling about allies not paying their fair share—a fair point in what make Europe’s case, by the way—has amounted to just that. The president did pull the U.S. out help writing a analysis, of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, but even the day essay minutes score, ultra-establishmentarian Hillary Clinton went from a analysis supporting to opposing the essay for graduate, pact once she figured out which way the Democratic winds were blowing. Help Writing A Analysis Paper! The North American Free Trade Agreement, which came into being nearly a quarter-century ago, does look shaky at make essay, the moment, but there is no reason to think that it won’t survive in some modified form. Yet on the cultural front , the crisis of illiberalism continues to help writing rage. If anything, it has intensified, as attested by the events surrounding the protest over a Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville, Virginia. Writing! The president refused to condemn unequivocally white nationalists who marched with swastikas and chanted “Jews will not replace us.” Trump even suggested there were “very fine people” among them, thus winking at the so-called alt-right as he had during the campaign. In the days that followed, much of the left rallied behind so-called antifa (“anti-fascist”) militants who make no secret of their allegiance to violent totalitarian ideologies at the other end of the political spectrum.

Disorder is the help writing a analysis, new American normal, then. Questions that appeared to prompts 2013 have been settled—about the connection between economic and political liberty, the perils of conspiracism and romantic politics, America’s unique role on the world stage, and so on—are unsettled once more. Paper! Serious people wonder out loud whether liberal democracy is worth maintaining at all, with many of them concluding that it is not. The return of format for graduate ideas that for good reason were buried in the last century threatens the help a analysis paper, decent political order that has made the U.S. an exceptionally free and in increase prosperous civilization. F or many leftists , America’s commitment to liberty and equality before the law has always masked despotism and exploitation. This view long predated Trump’s rise, and writing a analysis paper if they didn’t subscribe to it themselves, too often mainstream Democrats and progressives treated its proponents—the likes of Noam Chomsky and Howard Zinn—as beloved and respectable, if slightly eccentric, relatives. This cynical vision of the free society (as a conspiracy against example of a proposal essay the dispossessed) was a mainstay of Cold War–era debates about the help a analysis, relative merits of Western democracy and Communism. Soviet apologists insisted that Communist states couldn’t be expected to what uphold “merely” formal rights when they had set out to shape a whole new kind of man. That required “breaking a few eggs,” in the words of the Stalinist interrogators in Arthur Koestler’s Darkness at Noon . Anyway, what good were free speech and due process to the coal miner, when under capitalism the whole social structure was rigged against him? That line worked for a time, until the scale of Soviet tyranny became impossible to justify by anyone but its most abject apologists.

It became obvious that “bourgeois justice,” however imperfect, was infinitely preferable to the Marxist alternative. With the Communist experiment discredited, and Western workers uninterested in help a analysis paper staging world revolution, the illiberal left began shifting instead to questions of identity. In race-gender-sexuality theory and the identitarian “subaltern,” it found potent substitutes for example proposal essay, dialectical materialism and the proletariat. We are still living with the consequences of this shift. Although there were superficial resemblances, this new politics of identity differed from earlier civil-rights movements. Those earlier movements had sought a place at help a analysis paper, the American table for hitherto entirely or somewhat excluded groups: blacks, women, gays, the disabled, and so on. In doing so, they didn’t seek to overturn or radically reorganize the table.

Instead, they reaffirmed the American Founding (think of Martin Luther King Jr.’s constant references to the Declaration of Independence). And these movements succeeded, owing to America’s tremendous capacity for absorbing social change. Yet for the new identitarians, as for the Marxists before them, liberal-democratic order was systematically rigged against the downtrodden—now redefined along lines of race, gender, and sexuality, with social class quietly swept under the rug. America’s strides toward racial progress, not least the election and re-election of an African-American president, were dismissed. Me Happy Essay! The U.S. still deserved condemnation because it fell short of paper perfect inclusion, limitless autonomy, and essay format for graduate complete equality—conditions that no free society can achieve given the root fact of human nature.

The accidentals had changed from the Marxist days, in other words, but the a analysis paper, essentials remained the same. In one sense, though, the identitarians went further. The old Marxists still claimed to stand on objectively accessible truth. Of A Essay! Not so their successors. Following intellectual lodestars such as the gender theorist Judith Butler, the identity left came to reject objective truth—and with it, biological sex differences, aesthetic standards in art, the possibility of universal moral precepts, and much else of the writing paper, kind. All of these things, the left identitarians said, were products of repressive institutions, hierarchies, and power. Today’s “social-justice warriors” are heirs to this sordid intellectual legacy. They claim to seek justice.

But, unmoored from any moral foundations, SJW justice operates like mob justice and day essay minutes score revolutionary terror, usually carried out online. SJWs claim to protect individual autonomy, but the obsession with group identity and power dynamics means that SJW autonomy claims must destroy the autonomy of others. Self-righteousness married to writing paper total relativism is a terrifying thing. It isn’t enough to have legalized same-sex marriage in the U.S. via judicial fiat; the writing history essays, evangelical baker must be forced to bake cakes for gay weddings. Writing A Analysis Paper! It isn’t enough to have won legal protection and social acceptance for the transgendered; the Orthodox rabbi must use preferred trans pronouns on pain of criminal prosecution. Likewise, since there is no objective truth to be gained from the open exchange of ideas, any speech that causes subjective discomfort among members of make me happy marginalized groups must be suppressed, if necessary through physical violence. Campus censorship that began with speech codes and mobs that prevented conservative and pro-Israel figures from help writing paper speaking has now evolved into minutes score a general right to beat anyone designated as a “fascist,” on- or off-campus. For the illiberal left, the election of Donald Trump was indisputable proof that behind America’s liberal pieties lurks, forever, the beast of bigotry.

Trump, in this view, wasn’t just an unqualified vulgarian who nevertheless won the decisive backing of voters dissatisfied with the alternative or alienated from mainstream politics. Help Writing! Rather, a vote for Trump constituted a declaration of war against writing women, immigrants, and other victims of American “structures of writing a analysis paper oppression.” There would be no attempt to persuade Trump supporters; war would be answered by war. This isn’t liberalism. Example Of A Proposal Essay! Since it can sometimes appear as an extension of traditional civil-rights activism, however, identity leftism has glommed itself onto a analysis, liberalism. 3 Act Day Essay In Increase! It is frequently impossible to help writing a analysis tell where traditional autonomy- and nyu essay equality-seeking liberalism ends and writing a analysis paper repressive identity leftism begins.

Whether based on nyu essay 2013 faulty thinking or out of a sense of weakness before an angry and energetic movement, liberals have too often embraced the identity left as their own. They haven’t noticed how the identitarians seek to undermine, not rectify, liberal order. Some on the left, notably Columbia University’s Mark Lilla, are sounding the alarm and calling on Democrats to help writing stress the common good over tribalism. Yet these are a few voices in of a proposal the wilderness. Identitarians of various stripes still lord over the broad left, where it is fashionable to believe that the U.S. project is predatory and oppressive by design. If there is a viable left alternative to help writing a analysis paper identity on the horizon, it is the one offered by Sanders and his “Bernie Bros”—which is to say, a reversion to the socialism and class struggle of the previous century.

Americans, it seems, will have to wait a while for prompts, reason and responsibility to return to the left. hen there is the illiberal fever gripping American conservatives. Liberal democracy has always had its critics on the right, particularly in Continental Europe, where statist, authoritarian, and blood-and-soil accounts of help writing paper conservatism predominate. Mainstream Anglo-American conservatism took a different course. It has championed individual rights, free enterprise, and pluralism while insisting that liberty depends on public virtue and moral order, and that sometimes the claims of format admission liberty and help a analysis autonomy must give way to ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog those of tradition, state authority, and the common good. The whole beauty of American order lies in keeping in tension these rival forces that are nevertheless fundamentally at peace. The Founders didn’t adopt wholesale Enlightenment liberalism; rather, they tempered its precepts about universal rights with the teachings of biblical religion as well as Roman political theory. The Constitution drew from help a analysis paper all three wellsprings. The product was a whole, and it is nyu essay, a pointless and ahistorical exercise to elevate any one source above the others. American conservatism and liberalism, then, are in fact branches of each other, the one (conservatism) invoking tradition and help virtue to defend and, when necessary, discipline the proposal essay, regime of liberty; the other (liberalism) guaranteeing the open space in which churches, volunteer organizations, philanthropic activity, and other sources of tradition and civic virtue flourish, in writing freedom, rather than through state establishment or patronage. One result has been long-term political stability, a blessing that Americans take for of a, granted.

Another has been the transformation of liberalism into the lingua franca of all politics, not just at home but across a world that, since 1945, has increasingly reflected U.S. A Analysis! preferences. The great French classical liberal Raymond Aron noted in 1955 that the “essentials of liberalism—the respect for individual liberty and essay moderate government—are no longer the property of a single party: they have become the writing, property of all.” As Aron archly pointed out, even liberalism’s enemies tend to frame their objections using the rights-based talk associated with liberalism. Under Trump, however, some in the party of the right have abdicated their responsibility to liberal democracy as a whole. They have reduced themselves to the lowest sophistry in defense of the New Yorker’s inanities and history essays daily assaults on presidential norms. Beginning when Trump clinched the GOP nomination last year, a great deal of paper conservative “thinking” has amounted to: You did X to essay us, now enjoy it as we dish it back to you and a analysis paper then some . Entire websites and some of the biggest stars in right-wing punditry are singularly devoted to making this rather base point. If Trump is undermining this or that aspect of liberal order that was once cherished by conservatives, so be it; that 63 million Americans supported him and that the president “drives the left crazy”—these are good enough reasons to go along. Some of this is partisan jousting that occurs with every administration. But when it comes to Trump’s most egregious statements and what make me happy conduct—such as his repeated assertions that the U.S. and Putin’s thugocracy are moral equals—the apologetics are positively obscene.

Enough pooh-poohing, whataboutery, and misdirection of this kind, and there will be no conservative principle left standing. More perniciously, as once-defeated illiberal philosophies have returned with a vengeance to the left, so have their reactionary analogues to the right. The two illiberalisms enjoy a remarkable complementarity and even cross-pollinate each other. This has developed to the point where it is sometimes hard to distinguish Tucker Carlson from Chomsky, Laura Ingraham from Julian Assange, the Claremont Review from New Left Review , and so on. Two slanders against liberalism in particular seem to be gathering strength on a analysis the thinking right. The first is the writing, tendency to frame elements of liberal democracy, especially free trade, as a conspiracy hatched by capitalists, the managerial class, and others with soft hands against American workers. Help Writing A Analysis! One needn’t renounce liberal democracy as a whole to believe this, though believers often go the whole hog. The second idea is that liberalism itself was another form of format for graduate totalitarianism all along and, therefore, that no amount of conservative course correction can set right what is wrong with the system. These two theses together represent a dismaying ideological turn on the right. The first—the account of global capitalism as an imposition of power over the powerless—has gained currency in help the pages of American Affairs , the new journal of me happy essay Trumpian thought, where class struggle is a constant theme. Other conservatives, who were always skeptical of free enterprise and help a analysis U.S.-led world order, such as the Weekly Standard ’s Christopher Caldwell, are also publishing similar ideas to 3 act minutes score a wider reception than perhaps greeted them in the past.

In a March 2017 essay in the Claremont Review of Books , for example, Caldwell flatly described globalization as a “con game.” The perpetrators, he argued, are “unscrupulous actors who have broken promises and seized a good deal of help writing a analysis paper hard-won public property.” These included administrations of both parties that pursued trade liberalization over decades, people who live in cities and therefore benefit from the of a proposal essay, knowledge-based economy, American firms, and writing really anyone who has ever thought to capitalize on global supply chains to me happy boost competitiveness—globalists, in a word. By shipping jobs and manufacturing processes overseas, Caldwell contended, these miscreants had stolen not just material things like taxpayer-funded research but also concepts like “economies of scale” (you didn’t build that!). Thus, globalization in the West differed “in degree but not in kind from the help writing a analysis paper, contemporaneous Eastern Bloc looting of state assets.” That comparison with predatory post-Communist privatization is a sure sign of ideological overheating. It is somewhat like saying that a consumer bank’s lending to home buyers differs in degree but not in kind from a loan shark’s racket in a housing project. Well, yes, in writing history essays the sense that the underlying activity—moneylending, the purchase of assets—is the a analysis paper, same in both cases. But the context makes all the difference: The globalization that began after World War II and accelerated in the ’90s took place within a rules-based system, which duly elected or appointed policymakers in Western democracies designed in good faith and for what me happy essay, a whole host of legitimate strategic and paper economic reasons. These policymakers knew that globalization was as old as civilization itself. It would take place anyway, and the only question was whether it would be rules-based and efficient or the kind of what me happy globalization that would be driven by writing a analysis paper, great-power rivalry and therefore prone to protectionist trade wars. History! And they were right. What today’s anti-trade types won’t admit is that defeating the Trans-Pacific Partnership and a proposed U.S.-European trade pact known as TTIP won’t end globalization as such; instead, it will cede the game to writing other powers that are less concerned about rules and fair play.

The postwar globalizers may have gone too far (or not far enough!). 3 Act In Increase Minutes! They certainly didn’t give sufficient thought to the losers in help paper the system, or how to deal with the de-industrialization that would follow when information became supremely mobile and wages in the West remained too high relative to skills and productivity gains in the developing world. They muddled and compromised their way through these questions, as all policymakers in the real world do. The point is that these leaders—the likes of FDR, Churchill, JFK, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, and, yes, Bill Clinton—acted neither with malice aforethought nor anti-democratically. It isn’t true, contra Caldwell, that free trade necessarily requires “veto-proof and non-consultative” politics. The U.S., Britain, and other members of what used to be called the Free World have respected popular sovereignty (as understood at the time) for in increase, as long as they have been trading nations. Writing! Put another way, you were far more likely to enjoy political freedom if you were a citizen of one of these states than of history essays countries that opposed economic liberalism in the 20th century. That remains true today. Help Writing Paper! These distinctions matter. Caldwell and 3 act day essay in increase score like-minded writers of the right, who tend to dwell on liberal democracies’ crimes, are prepared to tolerate far worse if it is committed in the name of defeating “globalism.” Hence the speech on Putin that Caldwell delivered this spring at a Hillsdale College gathering in Phoenix.

Promising not to “talk about what to writing a analysis paper think about Putin,” he proceeded to praise the Russian strongman as the “preeminent statesman of writing our time” (alongside Turkish strongman Recep Tayyip Erdogan). Putin, Caldwell said, “has become a symbol of national self-determination.” Then Caldwell made a remark that illuminates the link between the illiberalisms of yesterday and today. Putin is to “populist conservatives,” he declared, what Castro once was to progressives. “You didn’t have to help writing paper be a Communist to appreciate the way Castro, whatever his excesses, was carving out a space of autonomy for his country.” Whatever his excesses, indeed. he other big idea is that today’s liberal crises aren’t a bug but a core feature of liberalism. History Essays! This line of thinking is particularly prevalent among some Catholic traditionalists and other orthodox Christians (both small- and capital-“o”). The common denominator, it seems to me, is having grown up as a serious believer at a time when many liberals—to their shame—have declared war on faith generally and social conservatism in particular. The argument essentially is this: We (social conservatives, traditionalists) saw the threat from liberalism coming.

With its claims about help writing paper abstract rights and universal reason, classical liberalism had always posed a danger to the Church and to people of God. Writing! We remembered what those fired up by the new ideas did to our nuns and altars in France. Still we made peace with American liberal order, because we were told that the Founders had “built on writing a analysis paper low but solid ground,” to borrow Leo Strauss’s famous formulation, or that they had “built better than they knew,” as American Catholic hierarchs in the 19th century put it. Maybe these promises held good for a couple of centuries, the argument continues, but they no longer do. Witness the second sexual revolution under way today. The revolutionaries are plainly telling us that we must either conform our beliefs to Herod’s ways or be driven from the democratic public square.

Can it still be said that the Founding rested on solid ground? Did the Founders really build better than they knew? Or is what is passing now precisely what they intended, the rotten fruit of the Enlightenment universalism that they planted in the Constitution? We don’t love Trump (or Putin, Hungary’s Viktor Orban, etc.), but perhaps he can counter the pincer movement of sexual and 3 act day essay economic liberalism, and restore a measure of solidarity and commitment to the Western project. The most pessimistic of these illiberal critics go so far as to writing paper argue that liberalism isn’t all that different from Communism, that both are totalitarian children of the Enlightenment. One such critic, Harvard Law School’s Adrian Vermeule, summed up this position in a January essay in First Things magazine: The stock distinction between the Enlightenment’s twins—communism is violently coercive while liberalism allows freedom of thought—is glib.

Illiberal citizens, trapped [under liberalism] without exit papers, suffer a narrowing sphere of nyu essay prompts 2013 permitted action and speech, shrinking prospects, and increasing pressure from regulators, employers, and acquaintances, and even from friends and family. Liberal society celebrates toleration, diversity, and free inquiry, but in practice it features a spreading social, cultural, and ideological conformism. 1. I share Vermeule’s despair and that of help writing a analysis paper many other conservative-Christian friends, because there have been genuinely alarming encroachments against 3 act day essay in increase minutes score conscience, religious freedom, and the dignity of life in writing a analysis Western liberal democracies in recent years. Even so, despair is an unhelpful companion to sober political thought, and the case for plunging into writing political illiberalism is weak, even on social-conservative grounds. Here again what commends liberalism is historical experience, not abstract theory. Simply put, in help paper the real-world experience of the 20th century, the history, Church, tradition, and religious minorities fared far better under liberal-democratic regimes than they did under illiberal alternatives.

Are coercion and conformity targeting people of faith under liberalism? To be sure. But these don’t take the form of the gulag or the concentration camp or the soccer stadium–cum-killing field. Catholic political practice knows well how to draw such moral distinctions between regimes: Pope John Paul II befriended Reagan. Help Writing Paper! If liberal democracy and Communism were indeed “twins” whose distinctions are “glib,” why did he do so? And as Pascal Bruckner wrote in example of a his essay “The Tyranny of help writing Guilt,” if liberal democracy does trap or jail you (politically speaking), it also invariably slips the key under your cell door. The Swedish midwives driven out of the profession over their pro-life views can take their story to the media. Writing Essays! The Down syndrome advocacy outfit whose anti-eugenic advertising was censored in France can sue in national and then international courts.

The Little Sisters of the Poor can appeal to the Supreme Court for a conscience exemption to Obamacare’s contraceptives mandate. And so on. Conversely, once you go illiberal, you don’t just rid yourself of the NGOs and doctrinaire bureaucrats bent on forcing priests to perform gay marriages; you also lose the legal guarantees that protect the Church, however imperfectly, against capricious rulers and popular majorities. And if public opinion in the West is turning increasingly secular, indeed anti-Christian, as social conservatives complain and help writing a analysis surveys seem to confirm, is it really a good idea to militate in favor of a more illiberal order rather than defend tooth and essay format admission nail liberal principles of help paper freedom of conscience? For tomorrow, the state might fall into Elizabeth Warren’s hands.

Nor, finally, is political liberalism alone to blame for the Church’s retreating on various fronts. Prompts 2013! There have been plenty of wounds inflicted by churchmen and laypeople, who believed that they could best serve the faith by conforming its liturgy, moral teaching, and public presence to liberal order. But political liberalism didn’t compel these changes, at least not directly. In the help a analysis, space opened up by liberalism, and amid the kaleidoscopic lifestyles that left millions of people feeling empty and confused, it was perfectly possible to propose tradition as an alternative. It is still possible to do so.

N one of this is to excuse the failures of ndltd-theses catalog liberals. A Analysis Paper! Liberals and mainstream conservatives must go back to the drawing board, to figure out day essay minutes score, why it is a analysis paper, that thoughtful people have come to conclude that their system is prompts 2013, incompatible with democracy, nationalism, and religious faith. Help Writing Paper! Traditionalists and others who see Russia’s mafia state as a defender of proposal Christian civilization and national sovereignty have been duped, but liberals bear some blame for driving large numbers of people in the West to that conclusion. This is help paper, a generational challenge for prompts 2013, the liberal project. Help A Analysis! So be it. Of A Proposal Essay! Liberal societies like America’s by nature invite such questioning. But before we abandon the 200-and-some-year-old liberal adventure, it is worth examining the help a analysis paper, ways in day essay score which today’s left-wing and right-wing critiques of it mirror bad ideas that were overcome in the previous century. The ideological ferment of the moment, after all, doesn’t relieve the illiberals of the responsibility to help writing a analysis paper reckon with the lessons of the past. 1 Vermeule was reviewing The Demon in Democracy , a 2015 book by the Polish political theorist and prompts parliamentarian Ryszard Legutko that makes the same case. Fred Siegel’s review of the English edition appeared in our June 2016 issue.

Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Help! Put your intellectual life in make me happy order while you can. This offer is also valid for writing a analysis paper, existing subscribers wishing to 3 act day essay in increase minutes score purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. The Campus Sex-Crime Tribunals Are Losing. How the help writing paper, courts are intervening to block some of the most unjust punishments of our time. KC Johnson 2017-09-08. Barrett’s decision marked the 59th judicial setback for a college or university since 2013 in a due-process lawsuit brought by example of a proposal, a student accused of sexual assault. (In four additional cases, the school settled a lawsuit before any judicial decision occurred.) This body of law serves as a towering rebuke to writing the Obama administration’s reinterpretation of proposal essay Title IX, the 1972 law barring sex discrimination in paper schools that receive federal funding. Beginning in 2011, the Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued a series of “guidance” documents pressuring colleges and universities to change how they adjudicated sexual-assault cases in ways that increased the likelihood of history essays guilty findings. Amid pressure from student and faculty activists, virtually all elite colleges and universities have gone far beyond federal mandates and have even further weakened the rights of students accused of sexual assault.

Like all extreme victims’-rights approaches, the new policies had the greatest impact on help writing paper the wrongly accused. A 2016 study from UCLA public-policy professor John Villasenor used just one of the changes—schools employing the lowest standard of proof, a preponderance of the evidence—to predict that as often as 33 percent of the time, campus Title IX tribunals would return guilty findings in day essay in increase minutes score cases involving innocent students. Villasenor’s study could not measure the help paper, impact of other Obama-era policy demands—such as allowing accusers to appeal not-guilty findings, discouraging cross-examination of accusers, and urging schools to adjudicate claims even when a criminal inquiry found no wrongdoing. In a September 7 address at George Mason University, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos stated that “no student should be forced to sue their way to due process.” But once enmeshed in the campus Title IX process, a wrongfully accused student’s best chance for justice may well be a lawsuit filed after his college incorrectly has found him guilty. (According to ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog data from United Educators, a higher-education insurance firm, 99 percent of students accused of campus sexual assault are male.) The Foundation for Individual Rights has identified more than 180 such lawsuits filed since the 2011 policy changes. That figure, obviously, excludes students with equally strong claims whose families cannot afford to go to court. These students face life-altering consequences. Help Writing Paper! As Judge T.S. Ellis III noted in a 2016 decision, it is “so clear as to be almost a truism” that a student will lose future educational and employment opportunities if his college wrongly brands him a rapist. “It is not the role of the federal courts to set aside decisions of school administrators which the court may view as lacking in wisdom or compassion.” So wrote the Supreme Court in a 1975 case, Wood v. Strickland . While the Supreme Court has made clear that colleges must provide accused students with some rights, especially when dealing with nonacademic disciplinary questions, courts generally have not been eager to intervene in such matters.

This is what makes the essay format for graduate, developments of the last four years all the help writing a analysis paper, more remarkable. The process began in essay format May 2013, in a ruling against St. Joseph’s University, and has lately accelerated (15 rulings in writing 2016 and 21 thus far in 2017). Prompts 2013! Of the 40 setbacks for colleges in federal court, 14 came from judges nominated by Barack Obama, 11 from Clinton nominees, and nine from selections of George W. Bush. Brown University has been on the losing side of three decisions; Duke, Cornell, and Penn State, two each. Court decisions since the writing paper, expansion of Title IX activism have not all gone in one direction. In 36 of the due-process lawsuits, courts have permitted the university to maintain its guilty finding. (In four other cases, the university settled despite prevailing at a preliminary stage.) But even in these cases, some courts have expressed discomfort with campus procedures. One federal judge was “greatly troubled” that Georgia Tech veered “very far from an ideal representation of day essay in increase score due process” when its investigator “did not pursue any line of investigation that may have cast doubt on [the accuser’s] account of the incident.” Another went out of his way to say that he considered it plausible that a former Case Western Reserve University student was actually “innocent of the charges levied against help writing a analysis paper him.” And one state appellate judge opened oral argument by bluntly informing the University of California’s lawyer, “When I . . . finished reading all the briefs in this case, my comment was, ‘Where’s the essay format for graduate admission, kangaroo?’”

Judges have, obviously, raised more questions in writing cases where the college has found itself on the losing side. Those lawsuits have featured three common areas of concern: bias in the investigation, resulting in a college decision based on make me happy essay incomplete evidence; procedures that prevented the accused student from challenging his accuser’s credibility, chiefly through cross-examination; and schools utilizing a process that seemed designed to produce a predetermined result, in response to real or perceived pressure from the federal government. C olleges and universities have proven remarkably willing to act on incomplete information when adjudicating sexual-assault cases. In December 2013, for example, Amherst College expelled a student for sexual assault despite text messages (which the college investigator failed to discover) indicating that the accuser had consented to sexual contact. Help Writing A Analysis! The accuser’s own testimony also indicated that she might have committed sexual assault, by initiating sexual contact with a student who Amherst conceded was experiencing an alcoholic blackout. When the accused student sued Amherst, the college said its failure to uncover the text messages had been irrelevant because its investigator had only sought texts that portrayed the incident as nonconsensual. In February, Judge Mark Mastroianni allowed the day essay in increase minutes, accused student’s lawsuit to proceed, commenting that the texts could raise “additional questions about the credibility of the version of events [the accuser] gave during the disciplinary proceeding.” The two sides settled in late July. Amherst was hardly alone in its eagerness to avoid evidence that might undermine the accuser’s version of events; the help paper, same happened at Penn State, St. Joseph’s, Duke, Ohio State, Occidental, Lynn, Marlboro, Michigan, and Notre Dame. Even in cases with a more complete evidentiary base, accused students have often been blocked from presenting a full-fledged defense. As part of its reinterpretation of Title IX, the Obama administration sought to shield campus accusers from cross-examination.

OCR’s 2011 guidance “strongly” discouraged direct cross-examination of accusers by the accused student—a critical restriction, since most university procedures require the and dissertations, accused student, rather than his lawyer, to defend himself in the hearing. OCR’s 2014 guidance suggested that this type of cross-examination in and of help writing a analysis itself could create a hostile environment. 3 Act Score! The Obama administration even spoke favorably about the growing trend among schools to help writing a analysis abolish hearings altogether and allow a single official to serve as investigator, prosecutor, judge, and nyu essay jury in sexual-assault cases. The Supreme Court has never held that campus disciplinary hearings must permit cross-examination. Nonetheless, the recent attack on help paper the practice has left schools struggling to explain why they would not want to utilize what the Court has described as the “greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth.” In June 2016, the University of Cincinnati found a student guilty of sexual assault after a hearing at which neither his accuser nor the university’s Title IX investigator appeared. Format For Graduate Admission! In an unintentionally comical line, the hearing chair noted the writing a analysis paper, absent witnesses before asking the accused student if he had “any questions of the Title IX report.” The student, befuddled, replied, “Well, since she’s not here, I can’t really ask anything of the report.” (The panel chair did not indicate how the “report” could have answered any questions.) Cincinnati found the student guilty anyway. 1. Limitations on full cross-examination also played a role in judicial setbacks for Middlebury, George Mason, James Madison, Ohio State, Occidental, Penn State, Brandeis, Amherst, Notre Dame, and Skidmore. Finally, since 2011, more than 300 students have filed Title IX complaints with the Office for Civil Rights, alleging mishandling of their sexual-assault allegation by their college. OCR’s leadership seemed to welcome the prompts, complaints, which allowed Obama officials not only to help inspect the individual case but all sexual-assault claims at ndltd-theses, the school in question over a three-year period.

Northwestern University professor Laura Kipnis has estimated that during the Obama years, colleges spent between $60 million and $100 million on these investigations. If OCR finds a Title IX violation, that might lead to a analysis a loss of federal funding. This has led Harvard Law professors Jeannie Suk Gersen, Janet Halley, Elizabeth Bartholet, and Nancy Gertner to observe in a white paper submitted to OCR that universities have “strong incentives to ensure the school stays in OCR’s good graces.” One of the earliest lawsuits after the Obama administration’s policy shift, involving former Xavier University basketball player Dez Wells, demonstrated how an and dissertations catalog OCR investigation can affect the fairness of a university inquiry. The accuser’s complaint had been referred both to Xavier’s Title IX office and the Cincinnati police.

The police concluded that the writing a analysis, allegation was meritless; Hamilton County Prosecuting Attorney Joseph Deters later said he considered charging the accuser with filing a false police report. Deters asked Xavier to and dissertations delay its proceedings until his office completed its investigation. School officials refused. Writing Paper! Instead, three weeks after the initial allegation, the university expelled Wells. Nyu Essay 2013! He sued and speculated that Xavier’s haste came not from a quest for justice but instead from a desire to writing avoid difficulties in finalizing an agreement with OCR to resolve an unrelated complaint filed by two female Xavier students. (In recent years, OCR has entered into dozens of essay for graduate admission similar resolution agreements, which bind universities to policy changes in exchange for removing the threat of losing federal funds.) In a July 2014 ruling, Judge Arthur Spiegel observed that Xavier’s disciplinary tribunal, however “well-equipped to adjudicate questions of cheating, may have been in over its head with relation to an alleged false accusation of sexual assault.” Soon thereafter, the two sides settled; Wells transferred to the University of Maryland. Ohio State, Occidental, Cornell, Middlebury, Appalachian State, USC, and Columbia have all found themselves on the losing side of help paper court decisions arising from cases that originated during a time in which OCR was investigating or threatening to investigate the school. (In the Ohio State case, one university staffer testified that she didn’t know whether she had an obligation to correct a false statement by an accuser to a disciplinary panel.) Pressure from OCR can be indirect, as well. The Obama administration interpreted federal law as requiring all universities to have at history, least one Title IX coordinator; larger universities now employ dozens of Title IX personnel who, as the Harvard Law professors explained, “have reason to fear for their jobs if they hold a student not responsible or if they assign a rehabilitative or restorative rather than a harshly punitive sanction.” A mid the wave of judicial setbacks for a analysis paper, universities, two decisions in example of a particular stand out. Easily the most powerful opinion in a analysis a campus due-process case came in prompts March 2016 from Judge F. Dennis Saylor.

While the stereotypical campus sexual-assault allegation results from an alcohol-filled, one-night encounter between a male and a female student, a case at Brandeis University involved a long-term monogamous relationship between two male students. A bad breakup led to the accusing student’s filing the following complaint, against which his former boyfriend was expected to provide a defense: “Starting in the month of September, 2011, the Alleged violator of help paper Policy had numerous inappropriate, nonconsensual sexual interactions with me. And Dissertations Catalog! These interactions continued to occur until around May 2013.” To adjudicate, Brandeis hired a former OCR staffer, who interviewed the two students and a few of a analysis their friends. Since the university did not hold a hearing, the investigator decided guilt or innocence on her own. She treated each incident as if the proposal essay, two men were strangers to each other, which allowed her to determine that sexual “violence” had occurred in the relationship. The accused student, she found, sometimes looked at his boyfriend in the nude without permission and sometimes awakened his boyfriend with kisses when the boyfriend wanted to stay asleep.

The university’s procedures prevented the paper, student from seeing the investigator’s report, with its absurdly broad definition of sexual misconduct, in preparing his appeal. “In the context of American legal culture,” Boston Globe columnist Dante Ramos later argued, denying this type of information “is crazy.” “Standard rules of evidence and other protections for the accused keep things like false accusations or mistakes by authorities from hurting innocent people.” When the of a proposal essay, university appeal was denied, the student sued. At an October 2015 hearing to consider the university’s motion to dismiss, Saylor seemed flabbergasted at the unfairness of the school’s approach. “I don’t understand,” he observed, “how a university, much less one named after Louis Brandeis, could possibly think that that was a fair procedure to not allow the accused to see the accusation.” Brandeis’s lawyer cited pressure to conform to OCR guidance, but the judge deemed the university’s procedures “closer to help writing a analysis paper Salem 1692 than Boston, 2015.” The following March, Saylor issued an 89-page opinion that has been cited in virtually every lawsuit subsequently filed by an accused student. What Me Happy! “Whether someone is a ‘victim’ is help writing a analysis, a conclusion to be reached at nyu essay, the end of a fair process, not an assumption to be made at the beginning,” Saylor wrote. “If a college student is to writing paper be marked for format admission, life as a sexual predator, it is reasonable to require that he be provided a fair opportunity to defend himself and an impartial arbiter to make that decision.” Saylor concluded that Brandeis forced the accused student “to defend himself in what was essentially an inquisitorial proceeding that plausibly failed to provide him with a fair and a analysis reasonable opportunity to be informed of the charges and to present an adequate defense.” The student, vindicated by the ruling’s sweeping nature, then withdrew his lawsuit. He currently is nyu essay prompts 2013, pursuing a Title IX complaint against Brandeis with OCR. Four months later, a three-judge panel of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals produced an opinion that lacked Saylor’s rhetorical flourish or his understanding of the basic unfairness of the campus Title IX process. But by a analysis, creating a more relaxed standard for accused students to example make federal Title IX claims, the Second Circuit’s decision in Doe v. Columbia carried considerable weight. Two Columbia students who had been drinking had a brief sexual encounter at a party.

More than four months later, the accuser claimed she was too intoxicated to help writing a analysis paper have consented. Her allegation came in an atmosphere of campus outrage about the prompts, university’s allegedly insufficient toughness on sexual assault. In this setting, the accused student found Columbia’s Title IX investigator uninterested in hearing his side of the story. He cited witnesses who would corroborate his belief that the accuser wasn’t intoxicated; the paper, investigator declined to speak with them. The student was found guilty, although for reasons differing from the initial claim; the Columbia panel ruled that he had “directed unreasonable pressure for sexual activity toward the [accuser] over essay, a period of weeks,” leaving her unable to consent on the night in question. Help Writing Paper! He received a three-semester suspension for this nebulous offense—which even his accuser deemed too harsh. He sued, and the case was assigned to writing essays Judge Jesse Furman. Furman’s opinion provided a ringing victory for Columbia and the Obama-backed policies it used. As Title IX litigator Patricia Hamill later observed, Furman’s “almost impossible standard” required accused students to have inside information about the institution’s handling of help writing a analysis other sexual-assault claims—information they could plausibly obtain only proposal, through the legal process known as discovery, which happens at a later stage of litigation—in order to writing paper survive a university’s initial motion to dismiss. Furman suggested that, to what make me happy prevail, an accused student would need to show that his school treated a female student accused of help writing sexual assault more favorably, or at day essay minutes score, least provide details about a analysis paper how cases against other accused students showed a pattern of bias. But federal privacy law keeps campus disciplinary hearings private, leaving most accused students with little opportunity to make me happy essay uncover the information before their case is dismissed.

At the same time, the opinion excused virtually any degree of unfairness by the institution. Furman reasoned that taking “allegations of rape on writing a analysis campus seriously and . Admission! . . treat[ing] complainants with a high degree of sensitivity” could constitute “lawful” reasons for university unfairness toward accused students. Samantha Harris of the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education detected the help writing a analysis paper, decision’s “immediate and nationwide impact” in several rulings against accused students. It also played the same role in essay for graduate admission university briefs that Saylor’s Brandeis opinion did in filings by accused students. The Columbia student’s lawyer, Andrew Miltenberg, appealed Furman’s ruling to the Second Circuit. The stakes were high, since a ruling affirming the lower court’s reasoning would have all but foreclosed Title IX lawsuits by accused students in New York, Connecticut, and Vermont. Writing A Analysis! But a panel of three judges, all nominated by Democratic presidents, overturned Furman’s decision. Writing Essays! In the opinion’s crucial passage, Judge Pierre Leval held that a university “is not excused from liability for a analysis, discrimination because the discriminatory motivation does not result from a discriminatory heart, but rather from a desire to writing essays avoid practical disadvantages that might result from a analysis unbiased action.

A covered university that adopts, even temporarily, a policy of ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog bias favoring one sex over the other in help writing a analysis paper a disciplinary dispute, doing so in order to avoid liability or bad publicity, has practiced sex discrimination, notwithstanding that the motive for the discrimination did not come from example ingrained or permanent bias against that particular sex.” Before the Columbia decision, courts almost always had rebuffed Title IX pleadings from help writing accused students. More recently, judges have allowed Title IX claims to proceed against Amherst, Cornell, California–Santa Barbara, Drake, and Rollins. After the Second Circuit’s decision, Columbia settled with the accused student, sparing its Title IX decision-makers from having to testify at a trial. James Madison was one of the few universities to take a different course, with disastrous results. A lawsuit from an make accused student survived a motion to help writing a analysis dismiss, but the university refused to settle, allowing the student’s lawyer to in increase minutes score depose the a analysis, three school employees who had decided his client’s fate. One unintentionally revealed that he had misapplied the university’s own definition of consent. Another cited the essay, importance of the accuser’s slurring words on help paper a voicemail, thus proving her extreme intoxication on the night of the alleged assault. It was left to the accused student’s lawyer, at a deposition months after the decision had been made, to note that the voicemail in question actually was received on a different night.

In December 2016, Judge Elizabeth Dillon, an Obama nominee, granted summary judgment to the accused student, concluding that “significant anomalies in the appeal process” violated his due-process rights under the Constitution. niversities were on writing essays the losing side of 36 due-process rulings when Obama appointee Catherine Lhamon was presiding over the Office for Civil Rights between 2013 and 2016; no record exists of her publicly acknowledging any of them. In June 2017, however, Lhamon suddenly rejoiced that “yet another federal court” had found that students disciplined for writing, sexual misconduct “were not denied due process.” That Fifth Circuit decision, involving two former students at proposal essay, the University of help Houston, was an odd case for her to celebrate. The majority cabined its findings to the “unique facts” of the case—that the accused students likely would have been found guilty even under the fairest possible process. And the dissent, from Judge Edith Jones, denounced the procedures championed by Lhamon and other Obama officials as “heavily weighted in favor of finding guilt,” predicting “worse to come if appellate courts do not step in to protect students’ procedural due process right where allegations of 2013 quasi-criminal sexual misconduct arise.” At this stage, Lhamon, who now chairs the U.S. Help Writing A Analysis! Commission on example of a proposal Civil Rights, cannot be taken seriously when it comes to help a analysis paper questions of campus due process.

But other defenders of the current Title IX regime have offered more substantive commentary about the university setbacks. Legal scholar Michelle Anderson was one of the few to even discuss the due-process decisions. “Colleges and universities do not always adjudicate allegations of sexual assault well,” she noted in a 2016 law review article defending the Obama-era policies. Catalog! Anderson even conceded that some colleges had denied “accused students fairness in disciplinary adjudication.” But these students sued, “and campuses are responding—as they must—when accused students prevail. So campuses face powerful legal incentives on both sides to address campus sexual assault, and to do so fairly and impartially.” This may be true, but Anderson does not explain why wrongly accused students should bear the financial and emotional burden of inducing their colleges to implement fair procedures.

More important, scant evidence exists that colleges have responded to the court victories of wrongly accused students by help, creating fairer procedures. Some have even made it more difficult for wrongly accused students to sue. After losing a lawsuit in December 2014, Brown eliminated the right of students accused of what make essay sexual assault to have “every opportunity” to a analysis present evidence. That same year, an 2013 accused student showed how Swarthmore had deviated from its own procedures in his case. The college quickly settled the lawsuit—and then added a clause to its procedures immunizing it from similar claims in the future. Help A Analysis! Swarthmore currently informs accused students that “rules of essay evidence ordinarily found in legal proceedings shall not be applied, nor shall any deviations from any of these prescribed procedures alone invalidate a decision.” Many lawsuits are still working their way through the judicial system; three cases are pending at writing a analysis paper, federal appellate courts.

Of the two that address substantive matters, oral arguments seemed to reveal skepticism of the university’s position. On July 26, a three-judge panel of the First Circuit considered a case at Boston College, where the accused student plausibly argued that someone else had committed the 3 act score, sexual assault (which occurred on a poorly lit dance floor). Judges Bruce Selya and help William Kayatta seemed troubled that a Boston College dean had improperly intruded on the hearing board’s deliberations. At the Sixth Circuit a few days later, Judges Richard Griffin and me happy essay Amul Thapar both expressed concerns about the University of Cincinnati’s downplaying the importance of cross-examination in help paper campus-sex adjudications. 3 Act Day Essay Minutes! Judge Eric Clay was quieter, but he wondered about the tension between the university’s Title IX and truth-seeking obligations. In a perfect world, academic leaders themselves would have created fairer processes without judicial intervention.

But in the current campus environment, such an approach is impossible. So, at least for the short term, the courts remain the best, albeit imperfect, option for students wrongly accused of help writing paper sexual assault. Essay! Meanwhile, every year, young men entrust themselves and their family’s money to institutions of higher learning that are indifferent to their rights and help writing unconcerned with the injustices to ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog which these students might be subjected. 1 After a district court placed that finding on hold, the university appealed to the Sixth Circuit. Choose your plan and paper pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Make Me Happy Essay! Click here for more details. Review of 'Terror in France' By Gilles Kepel.

James Kirchick 2017-09-13. Kepel is particularly knowledgeable about the history and writing paper process of radicalization that takes place in ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog his nation’s heavily Muslim banlieues (the depressed housing projects ringing Paris and help a analysis paper other major cities), and Terror in nyu essay France is informed by decades of fieldwork in these volatile locales. What we have been witnessing for more than a decade, Kepel argues, is the writing a analysis paper, “third wave” of 2013 global jihadism, which is not so much a top-down doctrinally inspired campaign (as were the 9/11 attacks, directed from afar by the oracular figure of help writing Osama bin Laden) but a bottom-up insurgency with an “enclave-based ethnic-racial logic of violence” to it. Day Essay Minutes Score! Kepel traces the phenomenon back to 2005, a convulsive year that saw the second-generation descendants of France’s postcolonial Muslim immigrants confront a changing socio-political landscape. That was the year of the greatest riots in modern French history, involving mostly young Muslim men.

It was also the year that Abu Musab al-Suri, the Syrian-born Islamist then serving as al-Qaeda’s operations chief in Europe, published The Global Islamic Resistance Call . This 1,600-page manifesto combined pious imprecations against the West with do-it-yourself ingenuity, an Anarchist’s Cookbook for the Islamist set. In Kepel’s words, the manifesto preached a “jihadism of proximity,” the brand of civil war later adopted by the Islamic State. It called for ceaseless, mass-casualty attacks in Western cities—attacks which increase suspicion and regulation of Muslims and, in turn, drive those Muslims into the arms of violent extremists. The third-generation jihad has been assisted by two phenomena: social-networking sites that easily and widely disseminate Islamist propaganda (thus increasing the a analysis paper, rate of self-radicalization) and the so-called Arab Spring, which led to state collapse in Syria and Libya, providing “an exceptional site for essay, military training and propaganda only a few hours’ flight from help writing Europe, and at what make essay, a very low cost.” Kepel’s book is writing, not just a study of the of a proposal, ideology and tactics of Islamists but a sociopolitical overview of how this disturbing phenomenon fits within a country on the brink. Help Paper! For example, Kepel finds that jihadism is emerging in prompts 2013 conjunction with developments such as the writing a analysis paper, “end of industrial society.” A downturn in work has led to an ominous situation in which a “right-wing ethnic nationalism” preying on the economically anxious has risen alongside Islamism as “parallel conduits for expressing grievances.” Filling a space left by the French Communist Party (which once brought the ethnic French working class and Arab immigrants together), these two extremes leer at each other from opposite sides of a societal chasm, signaling the potentially cataclysmic future that awaits France if both mass unemployment and Islamist terror continue undiminished. The French economy has also had a more direct inciting effect on prompts jihadism. Writing A Analysis! Overregulated labor markets make it difficult for young Muslims to get jobs, thus exacerbating the conditions of social deprivation and exclusion that make individuals susceptible to radicalization.

The inability to tackle chronic unemployment has led to widespread Muslim disillusionment with the left (a disillusionment aggravated by another, often glossed over, factor: widespread Muslim opposition to the Socialist Party’s championing of same-sex marriage). Essentially, one left-wing constituency (unions) has made the unemployment of another constituency (Muslim youth) the mechanism for maintaining its privileges. Kepel does not, however, cite deprivation as the sole or even main contributing factor to Islamist radicalization. Example! One Parisian banlieue that has sent more than 80 residents to fight in Syria, he notes, has “attractive new apartment buildings” built by paper, the state and features a mosque “constructed with the backing of the nyu essay prompts, Socialist mayor.” It is also the birthplace of well-known French movie stars of Arab descent, and thus hardly a place where ambition goes to die. “The Islamophobia mantra and the victim mentality it reinforces makes it possible to rationalize a total rejection of France and a commitment to jihad by making a connection between unemployment, discrimination, and French republican values,” Kepel writes. Writing A Analysis Paper! Indeed, Kepel is refreshingly derisive of the term “Islamophobia” throughout the book, excoriating Islamists and format their fellow travelers for a analysis paper, “substituting it for anti-Semitism as the West’s cardinal sin.” These are meaningful words coming from Kepel, a deeply learned scholar of Islam who harbors great respect for 2013, the faith and its adherents.

Kepel also weaves the saga of jihadism into the ongoing “ kulturkampf within the help a analysis paper, French left.” Arguments about and dissertations catalog Islamist terrorism demonstrate a “divorce between a secular progressive tradition” and the children of the Muslim immigrants this tradition fought to defend. Paper! The most ironically perverse manifestation of this divorce was ISIS’s kidnapping of Didier Francois, co-founder of the civil-rights organization SOS Racisme . Kepel recognizes the origins of this divorce in the “red-green” alliance formed decades ago between Islamists and and dissertations elements of the French intellectual left, such as Michel Foucault, a cheerleader of the Iranian revolution. Though he offers a rigorous history and writing a analysis analysis of the jihadist problem, Kepel is generally at a loss for solutions. He decries a complacent French elite, with its disregard for genuine expertise (evidenced by the decline in institutional academic support for Islamicists and make me happy Arabists) and the narrow, relatively impenetrable way in help a analysis paper which it perpetuates itself, chiefly with a single school (the Ecole normale superieure) that practically every French politician must attend. Despite France’s admirable republican values, this has made the process of assimilation rather difficult. But other than wishing that the and dissertations catalog, public education system become more effective and inclusive at writing a analysis paper, instilling republican values, Kepel provides little in format for graduate the way of suggestions as to how France emerges from a analysis this mess.

That a scholar of such erudition and humanity can do little but throw up his hands and issue a sigh of despair cannot bode well. The third-generation jihad owes as much to nyu essay the political breakdown in France as it does to paper the meltdown in the Middle East. Defeating this two-headed beast requires a new and catalog comprehensive playbook: the West’s answer to The Global Islamic Resistance Call. That book has yet to help writing paper be written. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. Of A Proposal! This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription.

Click here for more details. Matthew Continetti 2017-09-13. resident Trump, in case you haven’t noticed, has a tendency to exaggerate. A Analysis Paper! Nothing is “just right” or “meh” for him. Buildings, crowds, election results, and ndltd-theses and dissertations catalog military campaigns are always outsized, gargantuan, larger, and more significant than you might otherwise assume. “People want to believe that something is the help a analysis, biggest and the greatest and the most spectacular,” he wrote 30 years ago in The Art of the Deal . “I call it truthful hyperbole. It’s an innocent form of exaggeration—and a very effective form of promotion.” So effective, in fact, that the press has picked up the habit.

Reporters and editors agree with the president that nothing he does is ordinary. After covering Trump for more than two years, they still can’t accept him as a run-of-the-mill politician. And while there are aspects of Donald Trump and essay admission his presidency that are, to say the least, unusual, the media seem unable to distinguish between the abnormal and significant—firing the FBI director in the midst of an investigation into one’s presidential campaign, for example—and the commonplace. Consider the help writing paper, fiscal deal President Trump struck with Democratic leaders in early September. On September 6, the president held an Oval Office meeting with Vice President Pence, Treasury Secretary Mnuchin, and congressional leaders of both parties. History Essays! He had to help writing a analysis find a way to (a) raise the debt ceiling, (b) fund the federal government, and 2013 (c) spend money on writing paper hurricane relief. The problem is essay format admission, that a bloc of help writing a analysis paper House Republicans won’t vote for (a) unless the essays, increase is accompanied by significant budget cuts, which interferes with (b) and a analysis (c). To raise the debt ceiling, then, requires Democratic votes. And the debt ceiling must be raised. For Graduate! “There is zero chance—no chance—we will not raise the debt ceiling,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said in August.

The meeting went like this. Help A Analysis Paper! First House Speaker Paul Ryan asked for an 18-month increase in nyu essay the debt ceiling so Republicans wouldn’t have to writing a analysis vote again on the matter until after the midterm elections. Democrats refused. The bargaining continued until Ryan asked for a six-month increase. The Democrats remained stubborn. So Trump, always willing to kick a can down the road, interrupted Mnuchin to offer a three-month increase, a continuing resolution that will keep the and dissertations, government open through December, and about $8 billion in hurricane money. Writing! The Democrats said yes. That, anyway, is what happened.

But the day essay score, media are not satisfied to a analysis report what happened. Ndltd-theses! They want—they need —to tell you what it means. And what does it mean? Well, they aren’t really sure. But it’s something big. It’s something spectacular. For example:

1. “Trump Bypasses Republicans to Strike Deal on Debt Limit and help writing paper Harvey Aid” was the headline of a story for format admission, the New York Times by Peter Baker, Thomas Kaplan, and Michael D. Shear. “The deal to keep the government open and paying its debts until Dec. 15 represented an extraordinary public turn for writing, the president, who has for much of his term set himself up on the right flank of the Republican Party,” their article began. Fair enough. But look at how they import speculation and ndltd-theses opinion into the following sentence: “But it remained unclear whether Mr. Trump’s collaboration with Democrats foreshadowed a more sustained shift in help a analysis strategy by a president who has presented himself as a master dealmaker or amounted to just a one-time instinctual reaction of a mercurial leader momentarily eager to poke his estranged allies.”

2. “The decision was one of the most fascinating and mysterious moves he’s made with Congress during eight months in office,” reported Jeff Zeleny, Dana Bash, Deirdre Walsh, and essay admission Jeremy Diamond for help paper, CNN. Thanks for sharing! 3. “Trump budget deal gives GOP full-blown Stockholm Syndrome,” read the headline of Tina Nguyen’s piece for Vanity Fair . “Donald Trump’s unexpected capitulation to new best buds ‘Chuck and Nancy’ has thrown the Grand Old Party into a frenzy as Republicans search for explanations—and scapegoats.” 4. “For Conservatives, Trump’s Deal with Democrats Is Nightmare Come True,” read the headline for a New York Times article by Jeremy W. Peters and Maggie Haberman. “It is the scenario that President Trump’s most conservative followers considered their worst nightmare, and on Wednesday it seemed to essay format for graduate admission come true: The deal-making political novice, whose ideology and loyalty were always fungible, cut a deal with Democrats.” 5. “Trump sides with Democrats on writing a analysis fiscal issues, throwing Republican plans into chaos,” read the history essays, Washington Post headline the day after the deal was announced. “The president’s surprise stance upended sensitive negotiations over help a analysis paper, the debt ceiling and other crucial policy issues this fall and further imperiled his already tenuous relationships with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Paul Ryan.” Yes, the format for graduate admission, negotiations were upended. Help Writing Paper! Then they made a deal. 6. “Although elected as a Republican last year,” wrote Peter Baker of the Times , “Mr. Trump has shown in the nearly eight months in office that he is, in many ways, the first independent to hold the presidency since the advent of the two-party system around the time of the Civil War.” The title of Baker’s news analysis: “Bound to No Party, Trump Upends 150 Years of Two-Party Rule.” One hundred and fifty years? Why not 200?

The journalistic rule of thumb used to be that an article describing a political, social, or cultural trend requires at least three examples. Not while covering Trump. If Trump does something, anything, you should feel free to inflate its importance beyond all recognition. And stuff your “reporting” with all sorts of dramatic adjectives and frightening nouns: fascinating , mysterious , unexpected , extraordinary , nightmare , chaos , frenzy , and scapegoats . It’s like a Vince Flynn thriller come to prompts life. The case for the significance of the budget deal would be stronger if there were a consensus about whom it helped. There isn’t one. Help A Analysis Paper! At first the press assumed Democrats had won. “Republicans left the Oval Office Wednesday stunned,” reported Rachael Bade, Burgess Everett, and Josh Dawsey of Politico . What Me Happy Essay! Another trio of Politico reporters wrote, “In the aftermath, Republicans seethed privately and writing a analysis distanced themselves publicly from the deal.” Republicans were “stunned,” reported Kristina Peterson, Siobhan Hughes, and Louise Radnofsky of the Wall Street Journal . “Meet the swamp: Donald Trump punts September agenda to December after meeting with Congress,” read the headline of Charlie Spiering’s Breitbart story.

By the following week, though, these very outlets had decided the in increase, GOP was looking pretty good. “Trump’s deal with Democrats bolsters Ryan—for now,” read the Politico headline on September 11. “McConnell: No New Debt Ceiling Vote until ‘Well into writing 2018,’” reported the Washington Post . “At this point…picking a fight with Republican leaders will only help him,” wrote Gerald Seib in the Wall Street Journal . “Trump has long warned that he would work with Democrats, if necessary, to fulfill his campaign promises. And Wednesday’s deal is a sign that he intends to prompts 2013 follow through on that threat,” wrote Breitbart’s Joel Pollak. The sensationalism, the conflicting interpretations, the visceral language is dizzying. We have so many reporters chasing the same story that each feels compelled to gussy up a quotidian budget negotiation until it resembles the Ribbentrop–Molotov pact, and none feel it necessary to apply to help writing paper their own reporting the scrutiny and incredulity they apply to Trump. Ndltd-theses And Dissertations! The truth is that no one knows what this agreement portends. Nor is help writing paper, it the job of a reporter to ndltd-theses divine the meaning of help writing current events like an ndltd-theses augur of Rome.

Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. And a deal is just a deal. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on help writing both our subscription plans. Essay For Graduate Admission! Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for help writing a analysis paper, existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Example! Click here for more details. Remembering something wonderful. Terry Teachout 2017-09-13. Not surprisingly, many well-established performers were left in the lurch by the rise of the new media. Moreover, some vaudevillians who, like Fred Allen, had successfully reinvented themselves for radio were unable to help make the transition to TV.

But a handful of exceptionally talented performers managed to move from writing essays vaudeville to radio to TV, and none did it with more success than Jack Benny, whose feigned stinginess, scratchy violin playing, slightly effeminate demeanor, and preternaturally exact comic timing made him one of the world’s most beloved performers. After establishing himself in vaudeville, he became the star of a comedy series, The Jack Benny Program , that aired continuously, first on radio and then TV, from 1932 until 1965. Save for writing a analysis, Bob Hope, no other comedian of his time was so popular. With the demise of nighttime network radio as an entertainment medium, the 931 weekly episodes of The Jack Benny Program became the province of comedy obsessives—and because Benny’s TV series was filmed in black-and-white, it is no longer shown in syndication with any regularity. And while he also made Hollywood films, some of which were box-office hits, only one, Ernst Lubitsch’s To Be or Not to Be (1942), is today seen on TV other than sporadically. Nevertheless, connoisseurs of comedy still regard Benny, who died in 1974, as a giant, and numerous books, memoirs, and articles have been published about his life and art. Most recently, Kathryn H. Fuller-Seeley, a professor at ndltd-theses, the University of Texas at Austin, has brought out Jack Benny and the Golden Age of Radio Comedy , the first book-length primary-source academic study of The Jack Benny Program and its star.

1 Fuller-Seeley’s genuine appreciation for help writing, Benny’s work redeems her anachronistic insistence on what me happy essay viewing it through the fashionable prism of gender- and race-based theory, and her book, though sober-sided to the point of occasional starchiness, is often quite illuminating. Most important of all, off-the-air recordings of 749 episodes of the radio version of The Jack Benny Program survive in whole or part and can easily be downloaded from the Web. As a result, it is possible for people not yet born when Benny was alive to hear for themselves why he is still remembered with admiration and affection—and why one specific aspect of his performing persona continues to fascinate close observers of the American scene. B orn Benjamin Kubelsky in Chicago in 1894, Benny was the son of Eastern European emigres (his father was from Poland, his mother from Lithuania). He started studying violin at six and had enough talent to pursue a career in writing music, but his interests lay elsewhere, and by the time he was a teenager, he was working in vaudeville as a comedian who played the violin as part of his act. Over time he developed into a “monologist,” the period term for what we now call a stand-up comedian, and he began appearing in films in 1929 and on 3 act day essay in increase minutes score network radio three years after that. Radio comedy, like silent film, is now an help writing obsolete art form, but the program formats that it fostered in what essay the ’20s and ’30s all survived into the era of TV, and some of them flourish to this day. One, episodic situation comedy, was developed in large part by Jack Benny and his collaborators. Benny and Harry Conn, his first full-time writer, turned his weekly series, which started out as a variety show, into paper a weekly half-hour playlet featuring a regular cast of in increase characters augmented by guest stars.

Such playlets, relying as they did on a setting that was repeated from week to week, were easier to write than the free-standing sketches favored by Allen, Hope, and other ex-vaudevillians, and by the late ’30s, the sitcom had become a staple of radio comedy. The process, as documented by Fuller-Seeley, was a gradual one. The Jack Benny Program never broke entirely with the variety format, continuing to feature both guest stars (some of whom, like Ronald Colman, ultimately became semi-regular members of the help, show’s rotating ensemble of players) and songs sung by example proposal essay, Dennis Day, a tenor who joined the cast in 1939. Writing A Analysis Paper! Nor was it the first radio situation comedy: Amos Andy , launched in 1928, was a soap-opera-style daily serial that also featured regular characters. Nevertheless, it was Benny who perfected the form, and his own character would become the prototype for example of a, countless later sitcom stars. The show’s pivotal innovation was to turn Benny and the other cast members into fictionalized versions of themselves—they were the stars of help writing a analysis paper a radio show called “The Jack Benny Program.” Sadye Marks, Benny’s wife, played Mary Livingstone, his sharp-tongued secretary, with three other characters added as the self-reflexive concept took shape. Don Wilson, the stout, genial announcer, came on board in 1934. He was followed in 1936 by what make me happy, Phil Harris, Benny’s roguish bandleader, and, in 1939, by Day, Harris’s simple-minded vocalist. To this team was added a completely fictional character, Rochester Van Jones, Benny’s raspy-voiced, outrageously impertinent black valet, played by Eddie Anderson, who joined the cast in 1938. As these five talented performers coalesced into a tight-knit ensemble, the help a analysis paper, jokey, vaudeville-style sketch comedy of the early episodes metamorphosed into sitcom-style scripts that portrayed their offstage lives, as well as the making of the show itself. Scarcely any conventional jokes were told, nor did Benny’s writers employ the topical and writing history political references in help writing a analysis paper which Allen and 3 act in increase Hope specialized.

Instead, the show’s humor arose almost entirely from the close interplay of character and situation. Benny was not solely responsible for the creation of this format, which was forged by Conn and perfected by his successors. Instead, he doubled as the star and producer—or, to use the modern term, show runner—closely supervising the writing of the scripts and directing the performances of the help, other cast members. What! In addition, he and Conn turned the character of Jack Benny from a sophisticated vaudeville monologist into the hapless butt of the show’s humor, a vain, sexually inept skinflint whose character flaws were ceaselessly twitted by his colleagues, who in turn were given most of the biggest laugh lines. This latter innovation was a direct reflection of Benny’s real-life personality. Legendary for his voluble appreciation of other comedians, he was content to respond to the wisecracking of his fellow cast members with exquisitely well-timed interjections like “Well!” and a analysis paper “Now, cut that out,” knowing that the comic spotlight would remain focused on the man of what make essay whom they were making fun and secure in the knowledge that his own comic personality was strong enough to let them shine without eclipsing him in the process.

And with each passing season, the fictional personalities of help writing a analysis Benny and his colleagues became ever more firmly implanted in the minds of their listeners, thus allowing the ndltd-theses, writers to get laughs merely by help writing a analysis, alluding to their now-familiar traits. At the same time, Benny and his writers never stooped to coasting on their familiarity. Even the funniest of the “cheap jokes” that were their stock-in-trade were invariably embedded in carefully honed dramatic situations that heightened their effectiveness. A celebrated case in point is the best-remembered laugh line in the history of The Jack Benny Program , heard in a 1948 episode in which a burglar holds Benny up on the street. “Your money or your life,” the nyu essay 2013, burglar says—to which Jack replies, after a very long pause, “I’m thinking it over!” What makes this line so funny is, of course, our awareness of Benny’s stinginess, reinforced by a decade and a half of constant yet subtly varied repetition. What is not so well remembered is that the line is heard toward the writing a analysis, end of an episode that aired shortly after Ronald Colman won an Oscar for his performance in A Double Life . Inspired by this real-life event, the writers concocted an what me happy essay elaborately plotted script in which Benny talks Colman (who played his next-door neighbor on the show) into letting him borrow the Oscar to show to Rochester. It is on his way home from paper this errand that Benny is held up, and nyu essay prompts 2013 the burglar not only robs him of his money but also steals the statuette, a situation that was resolved to equally explosive comic effect in the course of two subsequent episodes.

No mere joke-teller could have performed such dramatically complex scripts week after week with anything like Benny’s effectiveness. The secret of The Jack Benny Program was that its star, fully aware that he was not “being himself” but playing a part, did so with an actor’s skill. This was what led Ernst Lubitsch to cast him in To Be or Not to Be , in which he plays a mediocre Shakespearean tragedian, a character broadly related to but still quite different from the one who appeared on writing a analysis paper his own radio show. As Lubitsch explained to Benny, who was skeptical about his ability to carry off the part: A clown—he is a performer what is doing funny things.

A comedian—he is a performer what is ndltd-theses catalog, saying funny things. But you, Jack, you are an actor, you are an actor playing the paper, part of a comedian and this you are doing very well. To Be or Not to Be also stands out from the rest of Benny’s work because he plays an identifiably Jewish character. 2013! The Jack Benny character that he played on radio and TV, by help a analysis, contrast, was never referred to or explicitly portrayed as Jewish. To be sure, most listeners were in no doubt of essay his Jewishness, and not merely because Benny made no attempt in real life to conceal his ethnicity, of help writing a analysis paper which he was by all accounts proud. The Jack Benny Program was written by Jews, and the ego-puncturing insults with which their scripts were packed, as well as the schlemiel-like aspect of Benny’s “fall guy” character, were quintessentially Jewish in and dissertations style. As Benny explained in a 1948 interview cited by Fuller-Seeley: The humor of my program is this: I’m a big shot, see?

I’m fast-talking. I’m a smart guy. Help Writing! I’m boasting about how marvelous I am. I’m a marvelous lover. I’m a marvelous fiddle player. Then, five minutes after I start shooting off my mouth, my cast makes a shmo out of of a proposal me.

Even so, his avoidance of specific Jewish identification on writing the air is what make me happy, noteworthy precisely because his character was a miser. A Analysis Paper! At a time when overt anti-Semitism was still common in America, it is essay format, remarkable that Benny’s comic persona was based in large part on an anti-Semitic stereotype—yet one that seems not to a analysis paper have inspired any anti-Semitic attacks on Benny himself. Essay Format! When, in 1945, his writers came up with the idea of an “I Can’t Stand Jack Benny Because . Help A Analysis Paper! . . What Make! ” write-in campaign, they received 270,000 entries. Only three made mention of his Jewishness. As for the winning entry, submitted by a California lawyer, it says much about what insulated Benny from such attacks: “He fills the air with boasts and help paper brags / And obsolete, obnoxious gags / The way he plays his violin / Is music’s most obnoxious sin / His cowardice alone, indeed, / Is matched by his obnoxious greed / And all the things that he portrays / Show up MY OWN obnoxious ways.” It is clear that Benny’s foibles were seen by his listeners not as particular but universal, just as there was no harshness in the razzing of his fellow cast members, who very clearly loved the Benny character in essay format for graduate spite of his myriad flaws. Writing Paper! So, too, did the American people.

Several years after his TV series was cancelled, a corporation that was considering using him as a spokesman commissioned a national poll to find out how popular he was. Make Essay! It learned that only 3 percent of the respondents disliked him. Therein lay Benny’s triumph: He won total acceptance from the American public and did so by paper, embodying a Jewish stereotype from which the sting of prejudice had been leached. Far from being a self-hating whipping boy for anti-Semites, he turned himself into WASP America’s Jewish uncle, preposterous yet lovable. W hen the bottom fell out of network radio, Benny negotiated the move to TV without a hitch, debuting on the small screen in 1950 and bringing the radio version of The Jack Benny Program to a close five years later, making it one of the very last radio comedy series to shut up shop. Even after his weekly TV series was finally canceled by CBS in 1965, he continued to example proposal star in well-received one-shot specials on NBC. But Benny’s TV appearances, for all their charm, were never quite equal in quality to his radio work, which is paper, why he clung to the radio version of The Jack Benny Program until network radio itself went under: Better than anyone else, he knew how good the show had been. For the rest of his life, he lived off the accumulated comic capital built up by 21 years of weekly radio broadcasts.

Now, at long last, he belongs to the ages, and The Jack Benny Program is a museum piece. Day Essay In Increase Score! Yet it remains hugely influential, albeit at one or more removes from the original. From The Dick Van Dyke Show and The Danny Thomas Show to help writing paper Seinfeld , Everybody Loves Raymond , and prompts 2013 The Larry Sanders Show , every ensemble-cast sitcom whose central character is a fictionalized version of writing its star is based on Benny’s example. And now that the ubiquity of the Web has made the radio version of his series readily accessible for the first time, anyone willing to prompts 2013 make the modest effort necessary to seek it out is in paper a position to discover that The Jack Benny Program , six decades after it left the air, is still as wonderfully, benignly funny as it ever was, a monument to the talent of the man who, more than anyone else, made it so. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans.

Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for 3 act day essay, existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. Review of 'The Transferred Life of George Eliot' By Philip Davis. Thomas L. Jeffers 2017-09-13.

The Transferred Life of George Eliot. Not that there’s any danger these theoretically protesting students would have read George Eliot’s works—not even the help, short one, Silas Marner (1861), which in an earlier day was assigned to high schoolers. I must admit I didn’t find my high-school reading of Silas Marner a pleasant experience—sports novels for 3 act day essay in increase minutes score, boys like John R. Tunis’s The Kid from Tomkinsville were inadequate preparation. I must confess, too, that when I was in graduate school, determined to study 17th-century English verse, my reaction to help a analysis the suggestion that I should also read Middlemarch (1871–72) was “ What?! An 800-page novel by the guy who wrote Silas Marner ?” A friend patiently explained that “the guy” was actually Mary Ann Evans, born in 1819, died in 1880. Essay For Graduate! Partly because she was living in sin with the literary jack-of-all-trades George Henry Lewes (legally and help writing irrevocably bound to his estranged wife), she adopted “George Eliot” as a protective pseudonym when, in her 1857 debut, she published Scenes from Clerical Life . I did, many times over and with awe and delight, go on and dissertations catalog to read Middlemarch and the seven other novels, often in order to teach them to help a analysis paper college students. Students have become less and less receptive over the years. Forget modern-day objections to George Eliot’s complex political or religious views. Adam Bede (1859) and The Mill on of a essay the Floss (1860) were too hefty, and the triple-decked Middlemarch and Deronda , even if I set aside three weeks for them, rarely got finished. The middle 20th century was perhaps a more a propitious time for appreciating George Eliot, Henry James, and other 19th-century English and writing paper American novelists. Influential teachers like F.R.

Leavis at Cambridge and Lionel Trilling at Columbia were then working hard to persuade students that the day essay, study of literature, not just poetry and drama but also fiction, matters both to their personal lives—the development of help a analysis paper their sensibility or character—and to their wider society. Writing History Essays! The “moral imagination” that created Middlemarch enriches our minds by dramatizing the complications—the frequent blurring of good and writing a analysis evil—in our lives. Great novels help us cope with ambiguities and make us more tolerant of one another. Many of Leavis’s and Trilling’s students became teachers themselves, and for several decades the feeling of cultural urgency was sustained. In the 1970s, though, between the essay admission, leftist emphasis on literature as “politics by other means” and the deconstructionist denial of the possibility of any knowledge, literary or otherwise, independent of political power, the high seriousness of Leavis and Trilling began to fade. The study of George Eliot and help her life has gone through many stages. Directly after her death came the 3 act day essay in increase minutes, sanitized, hagiographic “life and letters” by writing a analysis paper, J.W. Nyu Essay 2013! Cross, the much younger man she married after Lewes’s death.

Gladstone called it “a Reticence in three volumes.” The three volumes helped spark, if they didn’t cause, the help a analysis paper, long reaction against the Victorian sages generally that culminated in the dismissively satirical work of the Bloomsbury biographer and critic Lytton Strachey in his immensely influential Eminent Victorians (1916). Prompts! Strachey’s mistreatment of help writing a analysis paper his forbears was, with regard to 3 act day essay in increase score George Eliot at least, tempered almost immediately by Virginia Woolf. It was Woolf who in 1919 provocatively said that Middlemarch had been “the first English novel for adults.” Eventually, the critical tide against George Eliot was decisively reversed in writing a analysis the ’40s by Joan Bennett and Leavis, who made the inarguable case for her genuine and lasting achievement. Writing! That period of correction culminated in the 1960s with Gordon S. Haight’s biography and with interpretive studies by Barbara Hardy and W.J. Help! Harvey. Books on format for graduate George Eliot over the last four decades have largely been written by specialists for help a analysis paper, specialists—on her manuscripts or working notes, and on her affiliations with the scientists, social historians, and competing novelists of her day. The same is true, only more so, of the books written, with George Eliot as the ostensible subject, to and dissertations catalog promote deconstructionist or feminist agendas. Biographies have done a better job appealing to a analysis paper the common reader, not least because the woman’s own story is day essay in increase score, inherently compelling. The question right now is whether a book combining biographical and interpretive insight—one “pitched,” as publishers like to say, not just at experts but at a analysis paper, the common reader—is past praying for. Philip Davis, a Victorian scholar and essay format for graduate an editor at Oxford University Press, hopes not. His The Transferred Life of George Eliot —transferred, that is, from writing a analysis her own experience into her letters, journals, essays, and nyu essay novels, and beyond them into us—deserves serious attention.

Davis is conscious that George Eliot called biographies of writers “a disease of English literature,” both overeager to discover scandals and too inclined to substitute day-to-day travels, relationships, dealings with publishers and so on, for help writing a analysis paper, critical attention to the books those writers wrote. Davis therefore devotes himself to George Eliot’s writing. Alas, he presumes rather too much knowledge on the reader’s part of the day-to-day as charted in Haight’s marvelous life. Admission! (A year-by-year chronology at the front of the book would have helped even his fellow Victorianists.) As for George Eliot’s writing, Davis is determined to refute “what has been more or less said . . . in the schools of theory for the last 40 years—that 19th-century realism is conservatively bland and help writing a analysis paper unimaginative, bourgeois and parochial, not truly art at 3 act day essay minutes, all.” His argument for the richness, breadth, and help a analysis paper art of 3 act minutes score George Eliot’s realism—her factual and sympathetic depiction of poor and a analysis middling people, without omitting a candid representation of the rich—is most convincing. What looms largest, though, is the realist, the woman herself—the Mary Ann Evans who, from the letters to the novels, became first Marian Evans the translator and essayist and then later “her own greatest character”: George Eliot the novelist. Davis insists that “the meaning of that person”—not merely the nyu essay prompts 2013, voice of her omniscient narrators but the omnipresent imagination that created the whole show—“has not yet exhausted its influence nor the larger future life she should have had, and may still have, in the world.” The transference of help writing a analysis George Eliot’s experience into her fiction is unquestionable: In The Mill on the Floss , for example, Mary Ann is proposal essay, Maggie, and her brother Isaac is Tom Tulliver.

Davis knows that a better word might be transmutation, as George Eliot had, in Henry James’s words, “a mind possessed,” for “the creations which brought her renown were of the incalculable kind, shaped themselves in mystery, in some intellectual back-shop or secret crucible, and were as little as possible implied in the aspect of her life.” No data-accumulating biographer, even the most exhaustive, can account for that “incalculable . . . Help A Analysis! mystery.” Which is writing essays, why Davis, like a good teacher, gives us exercises in help a analysis “close reading.” He pauses to proposal essay consider how a George Eliot sentence balances or turns on an easy-to-skip-over word or phrase—the balance or turn often representing a moment when the novelist looks at what’s on the underside of the cards. George Eliot’s style is subtle because her theme is subtle. Take D.H. Lawrence’s favorite heroine, the adolescent Maggie Tulliver. The external event in The Mill on the Floss may be the girl’s impulsive cutting off her unruly hair to spite her nagging aunts, or the young woman’s drifting down the river with a superficially attractive but truly impossible boyfriend. But the real “action” is help writing a analysis paper, Maggie’s internal self-blame and self-assertion. Example Essay! No Victorian novelist was better than George Eliot at tracing the writing, psychological development of, say, a husband and wife who realize they married each other for shallow reasons, are unhappy, and make now must deal with the ordinary necessities of writing a analysis paper balancing the domestic budget—Lydgate and Rosamund in Middlemarch —or, in the same novel, the religiously inclined Dorothea’s mistaken marriage to the old scholar Casaubon. That mistake precipitates not merely disenchantment and an unconscious longing for love with someone else, but (very finely) a quest for a religious explanation of and guide through her quandary.

It’s the religio-philosophical side of George Eliot about which Davis is strongest—and weakest. Her central theological idea, if one may simplify, was that the God of the Bible didn’t exist “out there” but was a projection of the what, imagination of the people who wrote it. Jesus wasn’t, in a analysis Davis’s characterization of her view, “the impervious divine, but [a man who] shed tears and suffered,” and died feeling forsaken. “This deep acceptance of so-called weakness was what most moved Marian Evans in her Christian inheritance. It was what God was for.” That is, the and dissertations, character of Jesus, and the dramatic play between him and writing his Father, expressed the human emotions we and George Eliot are all too familiar with. The story helps reconcile us to what is, finally, inescapable suffering. George Eliot came to this demythologized understanding not only nyu essay, of Judaism and Christianity but of all religions through her contact first with a group of intellectuals who lived near Coventry, then with two Germans she translated: David Friedrich Strauss, whose 1,500-page Life of Jesus Critically Examined (1835–36) was for her a slog, and Ludwig Feuerbach, whose Essence of Christianity (1841) was for her a joy. Also, in a analysis paper the search for the universal morality that Strauss and Feuerbach believed Judaism and Christianity expressed mythically, there was Spinoza’s utterly non-mythical Ethics (1677).

It was seminal for her—offering, as Davis says, “the intellectual origin for freethinking criticism of the Bible and for the replacement of religious superstition and dogmatic theology by pure philosophic reason.” She translated it into English, though her version did not appear until 1981. I wish Davis had left it there, but he takes it too far. He devotes more than 40 pages—a tenth of the whole book—to her three translations, taking them as a mother lode of ideational gold whose tailings glitter throughout her fiction. Nyu Essay 2013! These 40 pages are followed by help writing a analysis paper, 21 devoted to Herbert Spencer, the admission, Victorian hawker of theories-of-everything (his 10-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy addresses biology, psychology, sociology, and ethics). She threw herself at the feet of this intellectual huckster, and help writing a analysis paper though he rebuffed her painfully amorous entreaties, she never ceased revering him. Alas, Spencer was a stick—the kind of philosopher who was incapable of emotion.

And she was his intellectual superior in every way. The chapter is largely unnecessary. The book comes back to life when Davis turns to George Henry Lewes, the man who gave Mary Ann Evans the confidence to become George Eliot—perhaps the greatest act of loving mentorship in all of literature. Like many prominent Victorians, Lewes dabbled in all the prompts, arts and sciences, publishing highly readable accounts of them for writing a analysis paper, a general audience. His range was as wide as Spencer’s, but his personality and writing had an irrepressible verve that Spencer could only have envied. Lewes was a sort Stephen Jay Gould yoked to Daniel Boorstin, popularizing other people’s findings and concepts, and coming up with a few of his own. He regarded his Sea-Side Studies (1860) as “the book . Writing! . . which was to writing a analysis me the most unalloyed delight,” not least because Marian, whom he called Polly, had helped gather the data. History! She told a friend “There is so much happiness condensed in it!

Such scrambles over help a analysis, rocks, and peeping into clear pool [sic], and history essays strolls along the pure sands, and fresh air mingling with fresh thoughts.” In his remarkably intelligent 1864 biography of Goethe, Lewes remarks that the poet “knew little of the companionship of two souls striving in emulous spirit of loving rivalry to become better, to become wiser, teaching each other to soar.” Such a companionship Lewes and George Eliot had in spades, and help some of example Davis’s best passages describe it. Regrettably, Davis also offers many passages well below the standard of his best—needlessly repeating an already established point or obfuscating the obvious. Still, The Transferred Lives is the most formidably instructive, and certainly complete, life-and-works treatment of George Eliot we have. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans.

Put your intellectual life in writing paper order while you can. This offer is essay format for graduate admission, also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details.