Date: 14.4.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 576
Evoessay.lider-plast.com #Ib extended essay format history

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Ib extended essay format history

Ib extended essay format history

Mar/Sun/2018 | Uncategorized





Extended Essay Guide: Topics, Format, Outline | EssayPro

Ib extended essay format history

Write my essay -
Extended essay | Diploma | International Baccalaureate

britain cv or resume This page explains how to ib extended essay format write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for pillars a CV. A covering letter is format history, a letter sent with your CV which explains details about your application to a particular company.

A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from crackdowns, somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. Essay Format! This section gives an example. Print your CV on good quality white paper. Gp Essay Questions! The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Ib Extended Essay History! Usually you should not attach a photograph.

Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to research papers use is 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only one font style, for history example Times New Roman. Prompt! Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). Essay! If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the studies CV on one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple.

A typical section order is: There is an essay format history example CV shown below. Nhs Essay Four Pillars! When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the family name first in your own country). Ib Extended! Include the police research papers full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you). If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for callers to leave a message for you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx.

If the telephone has an essay format history answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on crackdowns papers your CV. Write your e-mail address next to ib extended essay format history your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the thesis translation first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Ib Extended! Start by writing the name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the next line you might give a brief description of nhs essay, what the company does. Ib Extended History! You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying.

If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at the shop, but not I increased sales at statement conclusion school the shop. Remember that the person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in your country. Ib Extended Essay Format History! Create two columns.

Use the left-hand column for the dates. Nhs Essay Four Pillars! For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by ib extended, the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, list the name of the essay school or university on essay one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of exam subjects passed) on the next line. Thesis Studies! List formal educational qualifications only in this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to ib extended essay format history a university, use the word University in the name, or put a label such as University: before the papers name so that the level is clear. If the ib extended essay history university is one of the top universities in nhs essay four, your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and country after the university's name. Essay Format History! In the description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in American English).

If you studied English, the elderly people subject should perhaps be described as English language and ib extended format, literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the drexel essay prompt British university grade system is ib extended essay, probably different from that in nhs essay pillars, your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the ages of about 15 and 18, but not before this age. You should add the label Secondary school: before the essay format history name of the school, or include the words High School in the name. If you took exams in a wide range of nhs essay, subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of ib extended, subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the main table. Police Research! For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001). If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these.

English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of ib extended format, English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for personal statement the job) Create two columns; use the ib extended left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. Statement Conclusion School! The exact list of personal details you want to essay format history give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. Translation Studies! You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by the stamp in ib extended essay format history, your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required).

Write Interests: followed by a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to studies study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at ib extended essay format an interview. Translation! Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by ib extended format, Available on request.

You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the drexel essay person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the ib extended essay format person will be able to provide comments in English, and four, give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT. Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: akiko9999@hotmail.com. Ib Extended Essay Format History! · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in nhs essay, smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of essay history, supplements and essay, organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to format expand the business by establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and thesis translation, redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in ib extended essay history, English) into Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Family! Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and the internet. Fluent in essay format history, Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter).

The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). Thesis Translation! There is an ib extended history example covering letter shown below. State what type of crackdowns research papers, visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to ib extended essay format change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail.

If you give the nhs essay telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for ib extended history their permission first, and you should check if they have an answering machine. Conclusion Graduate School! EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of essay format, Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in Loot Recruit on 2 August. Please find attached a copy of translation studies, my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and ib extended history, a basic knowledge of police crackdowns, food retailing. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam).

My fluency in ib extended, Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. I am an enthusiastic worker, and drexel, enjoy working in a team. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION.

Check your CV and format, covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on the computer (set the statement conclusion graduate language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. Ib Extended Essay Format History! If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job). If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to gp essay questions family make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the company and ib extended essay format history, ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you.

It is often the personal conclusion case that people are invited for an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Ib Extended Essay Format! Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to family get a job. If you are rejected by a company, ask them to ib extended essay format give you some comments, so that you can improve the quality of your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview. Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.

Order Paper Writing Help 24/7 -
Extended essay | Diploma | International Baccalaureate

Hire the top 3% of freelance Ruby developers . The Ruby language was designed from the beginning with a clear philosophy: the language should make programmers happy. The result is ib extended format a unique language full of quirky syntax and semantics that can sometimes seem a bit magical. While Ruby is often overshadowed by a certain web-development framework built on top of it, the family language itself is history versatile a well-suited to a wide variety of applications. The questions presented in this guide can be highly effective in evaluating the breadth and depth of crackdowns research papers, a developer's knowledge of the Ruby language. In his book Seven Languages in Seven Weeks , Bruce Tate compares Ruby to Mary Poppins: “She’s sometimes quirky, always beautiful, a little mysterious, and ib extended essay absolutely magical.” If we really had to pick a character to compare with this language, we could hardly make a better choice. The comparison, of course, stems from the studies philosophy of Ruby’s design: the language should make programmers happy. This ideology inspired David Heinemeier Hansson to pick Ruby as his language of choice when he wrote the first version of Basecamp and extracted Ruby on Rails from the project. Since the language became popular due to the success of Rails, it’s common to format hear people misusing “Ruby” and “Rails” synonymously, or to personal conclusion school miscategorize Ruby as a “web language”. As experienced Rubyists know, the language is not in ib extended essay any way limited to web development, and can be used for almost anything: writing native smartphone apps, data-processing scripts, or as a tool to teach people to gp essay questions program. Even though the language markets itself as being developer-friendly, it can provide a few surprises for format programmers coming from the thesis other languages, because it changes the semantics of essay, many familiar concepts in unexpected ways. Mastering Ruby can be hard for a few reasons, and the popularity of Rails is one of them.

Namely, many developers learned just enough Ruby to start using Rails and crackdowns papers stopped exploring the language after that. Due to Ruby’s magical typing scheme, it can be hard for these developers to understand what is pure Ruby and ib extended history what is an extension built into Rails. Given the many extensions Rails provides, the motivation to study the research basics of the ib extended essay format language is diminished. Additional complexity lies in the multiple faces of Ruby. Nhs Essay Four. While it is ib extended format history primarily an object-oriented language, it also allows writing programs in the functional programming style, which can be leveraged for improved expressiveness and essay elderly people code readability. This means that Ruby provides many ways to ib extended do a single thing, and thus the “Class A” Ruby programmer needs to understand all of the personal graduate school different personalities of the language. It doesn’t help that today we’ve got multiple implementations of Ruby, including MRI, JRuby, Rubinius, and ib extended format mruby. Thus, to make good decisions and police crackdowns judgments, Ruby developers need to be, at the very least, aware of the different implementations, and their strengths and weaknesses. The following guide gives you some questions for inspiration when preparing an interview for top-notch Ruby developers.

You should not assess candidates based purely on their ability to “correctly” answer each question. That would be missing the ib extended essay point, because not every top candidate will actually know all the details about the language, nor does knowing all the details guarantee you the best developer. Instead, use the questions to see how the candidate thinks about the problem at translation studies hand, how they work through difficult problems, and how they weigh alternatives and make judgment calls. For example, if the candidate doesn’t know the answer, ask how they would get it, provided they had a computer with internet access and a Ruby interpreter installed. That alone should tell you much, if not more than a correct answer itself would. You should also check out Toptal’s general guide on hiring candidates, published on our blog: In Search of the Elite Few . Note that this guide focuses on pure Ruby. If you’re looking for Ruby on Rails web application developers, you should also take a look at our Ruby on Rails Hiring Guide. Consider this section a warm-up for the discussion: it will help you see if the candidate ever wrote anything more than a simple Rails app. Q: What are the differences between classes and modules? What are the similarities?

Modules in Ruby have two purposes: namespacing and mixins. Consider an application that processes maps with points of interest. Two programmers working on this app could come up with two different classes and give them the same name. Format. Let’s say the first one creates a class Point , which represents a point in gp essay family a plane defined by x and y coordinates. The programmer then uses this class when rendering maps as images. The other programmer’s Point class models a point of interest on the map and ib extended essay history has attributes specifying the latitude, the longitude, and the description. When a Ruby interpreter finds multiple class definitions with the same name, it assumes that the programmer’s intent is to “reopen” the class defined before and police crackdowns research papers add the new methods to the previous class. This could cause various types of issues down the road, so it’s best to format history put unrelated parts of an app in different namespaces in order to prompt reduce a chance of naming collisions. To do this in ib extended essay format history Ruby we can put separate behavior in different modules, e.g.

Rendering and nhs essay four Geo : Now the history full names of the classes would change to Rendering::Point and Geo::Point so there would be no conflict. When using modules as namespaces, they can include other modules, classes or methods. Later, one can include the module in other contexts (different modules or classes) to remove the need to fully spell-out their names. Classes can contain modules, other classes, and methods, but one can’t include them in the same way they would include a module. As mixins , modules often group methods that can be included into the other classes. However, we cannot create instances of modules. Additionally, a module cannot extend other modules (but it can include them).

Classes can combine methods, they can be instantiated, and they can be extended by other classes. In Ruby, almost everything is an object, so classes and translation studies modules are objects as well. Every class in Ruby is an object of type Class , which extends a class called Module . Looking at this inheritance hierarchy, we can clearly see that modules provide just a subset of features provided by classes. Q: How does Ruby look up a method to invoke? Understanding and using Ruby’s full power requires programmers to thoroughly understand how objects work in Ruby.

This is important not only for format wielding a great power like metaprogramming, but also to understand concepts that might look weird at first, like definition of the class methods. Given this snippet of code: Where would Ruby look for a definition of the method full_name ? The first place where Ruby would look up the method is in the object’s own metaclass or eigenclass . This is graduate school a class that backs every single object and that contains methods defined on essay, that object directly, distinct from all other instances. For example, the following definition adds a method full_name to the metaclass of object mike : Since the gp essay questions metaclass is a class specific to this object, no other instances of class Actor would have this method. If Ruby can’t find a method in the object’s metaclass, it would start looking for the method in the ancestors of the format history object’s class (i.e. the drexel essay ancestors of Actor ). So, what are the ancestors of ib extended essay, a class? We can ask Ruby to tell us! We can see that the list of ancestors of graduate, any class in Ruby begins with the class itself, includes all ancestor classes ( Object , ‘BasicObject’), but also modules that are included in any of the classes in the inheritance hierarchy (e.g.

Kernel ). This is something that a Ruby programmer should understand. Since Ruby 2.0, it’s up to the programmer to decide where to ib extended essay history place the modules in the ancestors list. Let’s take a look at two examples. We’ll assume this is Ruby version 2.0 or above: Example 1: Including the pillars FullName module into ib extended essay format history the class Actor . If we now look up the ancestors list of the elderly class Actor , we’ll see that the module FullName appears between the Actor and format history the Person classes: Example 2: Prepending the police crackdowns research papers FullName module to the class Actor . By prepending FullName , we’ve told Ruby to put the module before the class itself in the ancestors list: If Ruby searches the format entire ancestor list and can’t find the method by the given name, Ruby will internally send another message (method call) to the object: method_missing? . The system will repeat the lookup for this method, and will find it at least in the Object class (sooner, if the nhs essay pillars programmer has defined it in an earlier ancestor) and execute it. Q: Does Ruby support multiple inheritance? Is it needed at all? Like other modern languages, Ruby supports only single inheritance, and that’s quoted as a feature by essay format history Yukihiro Matsumoto, the essay elderly people language’s creator. There’s no need for Ruby to support multiple inheritance, since everything that could be done with it can be achieved with duck-typing and modules (i.e., mixins).

Since Ruby is a dynamically-typed language, there’s no need for objects to ib extended format be of a specific type in crackdowns research order for a program to format history run. Instead, Ruby leverages duck-typing: if an object quacks like duck, and walks like a duck, it’s a duck. That is, we can ask any object if it knows how to respond to a message. Or we can simply send a message and trust the object to personal graduate school figure out how to handle it. Another use of format history, multiple inheritance is to share code among different classes which cannot be modeled as a chain. Nhs Essay Pillars. To achieve that, we can write the ib extended code we want to thesis share as a method in a module and format include it into other classes as needed. Essay People. The concept that allows grouping of methods to be included in multiple classes is the definition of a mixin. We should note that including a module into format a class adds it to the class’ ancestors list: Which means that once the police papers module has been mixed in, there’s no difference between the methods that come from a superclass, and essay format history those coming from a mixin. Q: Given the following class declaration, identify a bug and provide a solution.

The problem is in the initialize method, which tries to assign the argument d using the private attribute writer data= . However, the setter won’t get invoked, because Ruby will treat data = d as a local variable initialization. When Ruby encounters an identifier beginning with a lowercase character or an underscore on a left-hand side of an assignment operator, Ruby will create and nhs essay four initialize a local variable. Please note that this behavior is inconsistent with the way Ruby handles the same identifiers in other contexts: if the identifier does not reference a defined local variable, Ruby will try to call a method with the given name. To make it clear that we want to essay history call the writer method (i.e. the method ending with the personal school = character), we need to prepend the name with self : This may seem counter-intuitive, given the rule that private methods cannot be called with explicit receiver (even if it’s self ). History. However, the rule comes with an exception: the personal statement school private writer methods (i.e., methods ending with = ) can be invoked with self . Another way to fix the ib extended history bug would be to directly assign the personal statement school value to the instance variable @data in the initializer: Seasoned Rubyist, or a seasoned programmer learning Ruby? People coming to Ruby from other programming languages can see a familiar feature and assume it works in the same way in Ruby. Unfortunately, that’s not always the case, and essay format history there are a few concepts in Ruby that can be surprising to developers who have experience with some other language. The following questions aim to separate experienced Rubyists from people who blindly follow familiar concepts and apply them to Ruby. Q: Explain the difference between throw / catch and raise / rescue in Ruby. Like most modern Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) languages, Ruby has a mechanism for signaling exceptional situations and handling those exceptions in thesis other blocks of essay format history, code. To signal an elderly, error, a Ruby programmer would use the raise method, which aborts the execution of the current block of code and unwinds the call stack looking for a rescue statement that can handle the raised exception.

In that sense, the essay format history raise method performs the same job as the police research papers throw statement does in C++ and languages inspired by it, whereas rescue corresponds to the catch block. These operations should be used for signaling the ib extended exceptional state and handling it, they should not be used for normal flow control. However, Ruby also has throw and catch methods, which can put newcomers off balance, because they are used for flow control, and should not be used for error handling. You can think of throw as a GOTO statement and catch as a method that sets up a label. However, in contrast to traditional GOTO, which can jump to any other point in the program, throw can only be used inside a catch block, as we’ll demonstrate momentarily. It’s important to understand the syntactical differences: rescue is a keyword, not a method we could override ( raise is gp essay family a method, though). We can combine multiple rescue statements one after another to handle different types of errors, and we always put the rescue keyword after a block that will, potentially, raise an format history, exception.

On the other hand, catch is a method that accepts two arguments: a symbol that can be caught (a “label”), and a block inside which we can use throw . The throw method can also accept two arguments: the gp essay questions family first is mandatory, and should be a symbol that matches the catch label to which the program should jump; the history second is optional and will become the personal statement graduate return value of the catch statement. The throw / catch pair can be useful when we need to break out of a nested loop, like in ib extended essay this example of looking for a free product: Q: Is there a difference between the Boolean / || operators and the written versions and / or ? There is definitely a big difference between these two. Even though and nhs essay pillars and (or or and || ) are semantically equal (both being short-circuit Boolean operators), they have different operator precedence. The English operators and and or have very small precedence.

Their precedence is, in fact, less than most other Ruby operators, including the assignment operator = . Considering that these operators are the ib extended essay format history Boolean operators in Python, seasoned Pythonistas can misuse them in Ruby, which could produce unexpected logical errors. Consider this idiom that’s very often used to access an attribute of an translation studies, object that may not be initialized: If the actors array is format history empty, or contains nil as a first element, the Boolean statement will immediately resolve to this value, and the name variable will be nil . If the first element of the essay elderly people array is truthy, however, we will then send the message name to it, and ib extended format history assign the personal statement result to the variable name . However, if we used the English version of the operator, we’d get a different result: We can see that the result of the expression in the second line and the value assigned to the variable in the end are different. Because = binds tighter than and , the history operands were grouped around the assignment first, and only then around the and operator. We can illustrate this with parentheses: The reason to actually have both operators in the language is to essay allow the use of and and or as control flow commands in Perl style.

Q: Given below is a snippet of code that calculates a total discounted value among all products that have the discount of 30% or more in essay format history all shops. Rewrite this snippet using basic functional operations (map/filter/reduce/flatten/compact) if we assume shops is an array of Shop objects loaded in the memory, where each shop references a the list of products in the memory. Nhs Essay Pillars. Which version would you keep in ib extended format the production-ready code? Since we want to transform a list into a single value, this seems to be a job for the reduce method (or inject , an alias of reduce ): The whole calculation is elderly now a single expression and there’s no need to essay history initialize the accumulator variable in papers a separate line. However, this approach might be somewhat harder to ib extended essay format history read, as we’ve got nested reduce operations. To simplify the code, we could first create a list of all products and then reduce it by chaining operations: It’s possible to further improve readability if we are willing to sacrifice some performance by splitting different kinds of operations into separate blocks: It is important to repeat that we’ve hindered the performance with this change: the new code will iterate multiple times through the same list of products. If this code is not in a performance-critical path, this decrease could be justified by the improvements in readability. Algorithmically speaking, both operations are linear in time, so for crackdowns research a very large number of products, the ib extended style of the code may not be of crucial importance.

On the other hand, we’ve gained code that declaratively lists steps in the processing of the crackdowns papers initial list, similarly to an SQL query. A Ruby guru should know how to reason about the change, measure the performance of both solutions and make a decision relevant to the context. Your goal here should not be to wait for the “correct” answer, but instead to listen to the programmer to see how she or he judges the various options. Q: What’s the essay history difference between public , protected and private visibility in police research Ruby? Method visibility specifiers is an essay, area that often trips up newcomers to Ruby who are familiar with almost any other OOP language. Public visibility is the default in Ruby, and it behaves just like it does in any other language.

Public methods can be invoked by any object that can access the four pillars method’s object. However, private visibility is different. In Ruby, private methods can be directly called only essay format history, if we don’t explicitly specify the pillars message receiver. Consider this implementation of finding the n -th Fibonacci number using recursion with memoization: We have a public method get and a private method calculate . The public method first checks if the format result was previously calculated by looking it up in the @memo hash. If it wasn’t, it will call the calculate method and pillars store the result in the hash. Let’s try to make a slight modification to the get method: Newcomers know that self in Ruby is ib extended essay format history equivalent to this in drexel languages like C++, C# and Java, so they are led to believe this change would have no effect.

However, we’ve now added the explicit receiver, self , to the message calculate . Since Ruby requires that private methods are called without an explicit receiver, this would produce an error! Another unexpected side effect of this rule is that private methods can be called from subclasses. In fact, many things we consider “keywords” in Ruby, are nothing but private methods in the module Kernel , which is included by the Object class and which are therefore inherited by every Ruby object. For example, when we raise an exception using raise , we’re actually calling a private method of a superclass! Ruby is an open-minded language, so it doesn’t even let developers lock down their privates, so to speak. This leaves the protected visibility. It behaves like public , but with an ib extended history, exception: protected methods can be called only from the methods of the same class or any of questions family, its subclasses.

You will notice that in this sense, protected behaves in a similar manner to the private visibility of other languages. This means that protected method visibility should be used in classes which want to hide their state, but allow calling the method from other methods in the class that need it to ib extended essay format produce copies or implement comparisons. Q: Name at least three different implementations of pillars, Ruby. Discuss the differences among them. The standard Ruby implementation is ib extended format history called MRI (short for Matz’s Ruby Interpreter) or CRuby . As the names suggests, it was written by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in drexel essay prompt C. Being the essay primary implementation of gp essay family, Ruby by its author, it can’t be a surprise that it grows together with the language. Even though there is an essay format history, ISO specification of the elderly language (ISO/IEC 30170:2012), the essay history spec was already obsolete with the release of Ruby 2.0.

Thus, all new language features will first appear in MRI, and then they may get implemented in other interpreters. Being written in C, MRI can interoperate with other C code, and gp essay questions run gems written in C as well. One of the most commonly cited problems with this implementation is the lack of support for true parallelization, since MRI Ruby supports only green threads and depends on a Global Interpreter Lock (GIL). Rubinius is another implementation, based on LLVM, and written in ib extended essay format history C++ and Ruby. Nhs Essay Pillars. It improves concurrency by using native threads and a just-in-time (JIT) compiler.

Additionally, the history core library is mostly written in Ruby itself, making it easier to understand the internals, especially to folks not very comfortable with C. The coupling between MRI and the language makes it hard to nhs essay four pillars keep other implementations of Ruby up to date, which means they may lack features found in the recent versions of MRI. One of the first things the Rubinius team made was RubySpec: a runnable specification of the essay format history Ruby language, which would allow developers of the language’s forks to check their implementation against the “standard”. Unfortunately, this project was recently discontinued by its creators after they concluded it wasn’t providing the desired results in the Ruby community. Note that Rubinius is not necessarily in catch-up mode with the Ruby language: version 3 will add features not planned for Ruby itself, including functions, gradual typing, and multiple dispatch. Those who need to pillars interface Java code with Ruby may find JRuby helpful. Ib Extended Essay. Like Rubinius, it offers improved concurrency options by relying on native threads, and JIT compilation of statement graduate school, bytecode into machine code. As a bonus, it provides interoperability with existing Java Virtual Machine (JVM) code (you can use native Java classes and libraries) and the possibility to essay format history run Ruby on statement conclusion graduate, any JVM. Since JRuby relies upon JVM, it means it can’t use Ruby gems written in pure C. Format History. While this implementation improves runtime speeds as a rule, it introduces slow starting time of applications. Another noteworthy implementation is mruby : an embeddable subset of the Ruby ISO standard.

Matz himself is leading its development, with the goal of enabling Ruby to run as an personal conclusion, embedded language inside existing apps and games, providing scriptability and automation, and thus challenging Lua. A perfect Ruby developer isn’t one that will blindly optimize the code so it runs a few milliseconds faster or consumes a few megabytes less memory than it used to. The perfect candidate will know how to achieve that when performance is of essence, but will be able to recommend alternatives if it would sacrifice too much readability and maintainability. But the perfect candidate also won’t defend poorly written algorithms as “beautiful”. In Ruby, one could say, perfection is in compromises and good judgment calls. Remember that when talking to your candidates, and listen to their reasoning.

My team is ib extended essay format going to personally help you find the best candidate to join your team.

Order Essay from Experienced Writers with Ease -
Extended essay | Diploma | International Baccalaureate

2010 to 2015 government policy: employment. Updated 8 May 2015. Ib Extended History. © Crown copyright 2015. This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to nhs essay four, obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned. This publication is available at ib extended history https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/2010-to-2015-government-policy-employment/2010-to-2015-government-policy-employment. This is a copy of a document that stated a policy of the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government.

The previous URL of this page was https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/helping-people-to-find-and-stay-in-work. Current policies can be found at the GOV.UK policies list. Long-term unemployment is research papers, damaging to individuals and communities, it affects mental and physical health, and holds back economic growth. We want to help people into work and make sure that work pays. In return, people on out-of-work benefits need to take the opportunities available to them to move off benefits and into work. Out of work older people can find it more difficult to get a job and they are more likely than younger people to remain unemployed for longer.

We are making a number of welfare to work reforms which aim to fight poverty, support the most vulnerable and help people break the ib extended essay cycle of translation benefit dependency. Introducing measures to give Jobcentre Plus flexibility in helping people back to ib extended essay format history, work. To help people get back into work we have introduced a series of measures to four, give Jobcentre Plus some choice over what support to offer to claimants in essay, their area based on claimant and local labour market characteristics. We are working with back to work service providers, local authorities, training providers and employers to find innovative ways to four, help people back to work. We have introduced the Work Programme to replace a range of ib extended essay history employment schemes, pilots and projects. It provides personalised support for claimants who need more help to find and stay in work. We will pay back to work service providers according to nhs essay pillars, the results they achieve. Their contracts will include incentives to essay format, support those who need more help to get into work than others, such as the long-term unemployed or disabled people. Introducing Help to Work to support the long term unemployed.

We have introduced Help to Work to help those who have completed the Work Programme but have still not been able to find employment. Jobcentre Plus work coaches will work with individuals to understand their needs and tailor their back-to-work plans according to the particular barriers to work they may have. Work coaches can refer claimants to 3 different types of intensive support: extra intensive support from their Jobcentre Plus work coach and other local support, for example training schemes (Mandatory Intervention Regime) attending the Jobcentre every day for 3 months to talk to their work coach about the job applications they have made (daily work search reviews) a Community Work Placement for up to 6 months to gain work experience which will help improve their CV. Helping young people into work through the Youth Contract. Thesis Translation Studies. The Wage Incentive was withdrawn 6 August 2014. Ib Extended History. Work experience, sector-based work academies, work trials and Apprenticeships are all still available. Extra funding is being allocated for a range of initiatives that will be available over the next few months to further support young people in finding work. We introduced a ?1 billion Youth Contract in April 2012 to help young unemployed people get a job. The Youth Contract is a range of support to make it easier for businesses to give young unemployed people a job, training or work experience.

It will provide nearly half a million new opportunities for 18 to police papers, 24 year olds, including apprenticeships and voluntary work experience placements. Supporting disabled people who need more help to find and keep a job. Ib Extended. We introduced ‘Work Choice’ in October 2010, a specialist employment programme for disabled people who need more help to find and keep a job. We published the nhs essay four disability and health employment strategy: the discussion so far on 17 December 2013. This sets out our proposals for improving employment support for disabled people and those with health conditions.

We published an essay format history update on our progress in the disability and health employment strategy: 1 year on on 8 December 2014. Co-ordinating the Health, Work and Wellbeing initiative. Drexel Prompt. We co-ordinate the essay format history cross-government Health, Work and Wellbeing initiative that aims to: improve the police crackdowns research papers general health and wellbeing of the working-age population and reduce the number of days lost to sickness absence. support more people with health conditions to stay in work or enter employment. We are setting up a new Health and Work Service that will help people with a health condition stay in ib extended essay history, or return to essay elderly people, work. Helping older people who want to find work or stay in ib extended essay, work. Nhs Essay. Working longer can have a positive impact on an individual’s savings for retirement, and also for the economy as a whole. We have introduced a range of measures to support older people in choosing to work longer. These include: ending the Default Retirement Age so in most cases employers can no longer force employees to retire just because they reach the arbitrary age of essay format history 65 helping employers take on or keep on older workers with measures such as flexible working changing legislation to protect people from nhs essay, age discrimination changing the rules so people can access their pension pots more flexibly and history potentially choose to phase their retirement more gradually.

On Friday 13 June 2014 the we published Fuller Working Lives: a framework for action. This explains how working longer can benefit individuals, businesses, society and the economy and it sets out a number of new actions we will take to help people have fuller working lives. We are working with employers and employers’ organisations to: challenge outdated assumptions about thesis studies older workers improve the employment and retention of essay older workers as part of a mixed age workforce. We have published guidance, employer case studies and research to help support employers manage an personal statement school ageing workforce. address specific issues in their sectors provide guidance to employers on adopting flexible approaches to retirement and the benefits of employing and retaining older workers alongside younger workers. Introducing a new scheme for tax-free childcare for ib extended essay format, working families. Working families will be able to claim 20% of childcare costs up to ?2,000 for each child under 12 under a new tax-free childcare scheme. Disabled children up to personal conclusion, the age of ib extended essay format 16 will also be eligible, in line with existing childcare rules. Nhs Essay Four Pillars. The scheme will be phased in from autumn 2015 and will be open to almost 2 million families.

It will be delivered by HMRC. Supporting people with drug or alcohol dependency. Jobcentre Plus has a range of support for people with drug or alcohol dependency. A Jobseeker’s Allowance claimant with drug or alcohol dependency can volunteer for the Work Programme after claiming for 13 weeks (instead of the usual 9 or 12 months). This is subject to the normal entry requirements, availability and the agreement of their adviser. If treatment commitments might affect a jobseeker’s availability for ib extended, work, their adviser can take this into account when agreeing the steps they take to find work.

In England and Scotland, advisers can refer claimants whose dependency is a barrier to essay elderly people, work for a voluntary discussion with a treatment provider. In Wales, they can refer claimants to the Peer Mentoring Scheme. Sponsoring the Ethnic Minority Employment Stakeholder Group. We sponsor the Ethnic Minority Employment Stakeholder Group which advises the government on helping to format, make sure ethnic minorities don’t face disproportionate barriers to achievement in the labour market. The government announced plans to improve the police crackdowns help and training we provide for format history, people looking for work in the coalition agreement. This included: replacing existing welfare to work programmes with a single programme to help all unemployed people get back to work making sure that contracts with welfare to essay prompt, work providers are based more closely on ib extended format the results they achieve in getting people back to work helping unemployed people who want to become self-employed with support from business mentors and financial help offering pre-employment training and work placements for gp essay family, unemployed people developing local work clubs where unemployed people can share skills and format make contacts. We began introducing Universal Credit in essay, 2013 for people who are looking for work or on a low income.

Universal Credit brings together a range of working-age benefits into a single payment. It will help to smooth the ib extended format transitions into personal statement conclusion school, and out of work and encourage people on ib extended history benefits to start paid work or increase their hours by making sure work pays. Reviewing specialist disability employment programmes. In December 2010, the Secretary of State asked Liz Sayce, the Chief Executive of RADAR, the UK’s largest disability campaigning organisation, to conduct an independent review of the government’s specialist disability employment programmes. An aim of the review was to essay elderly people, examine how more disabled people could be helped into work within the available funding. The findings of that review were published on 9 June 2011 in ‘Getting in, staying in essay format history, and getting on’. Welfare reform communications toolkit. Our welfare reform communications toolkit helps explain how DWP is changing the welfare system. It covers: what we are changing why we are making the changes when we are making the changes.

We ran discussions with potential suppliers of the personal Work Programme to propose and discuss ideas on specific areas from ib extended essay history, 19 July 2010 to 13 August 2010. In December 2010, the Secretary of State asked Liz Sayce, the personal statement conclusion graduate Chief Executive of history RADAR, to conduct an translation studies independent review of the government’s specialist disability employment programmes. We consulted on the recommendations in Liz Sayce’s review from 11 July 2011 to 17 October 2011. We published our response to format history, the consultation on 7 March 2012. We have conducted an equality impact assessment for work experience and a privacy impact assessment for work experience. The privacy impact assessment assesses the privacy risks to police crackdowns research, individuals in the collection, use and disclosure of essay information. Appendix 1: managing the Work Programme. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. The Work Programme provides personalised support for claimants who need more help looking for and staying in work.

Service providers have freedom to decide how best to support Work Programme participants while meeting minimum standards for delivering the service. This is a major change in the way we help people move from welfare to work in this country. We are creating a structure that treats people as individuals and allowing providers greater freedom to tailor the right support to nhs essay four, the individual needs of each claimant. The Work Programme also gives value for money for the taxpayer by basing payments to providers largely on ib extended results they achieve. The Work Programme is part funded by the European Social Fund. The first year of the Work Programme. On 27 November 2012 we published a summary report on the first year of the Work Programme. It is police crackdowns papers, supporting more people than any previous programme by essay format history, helping people off benefit and into employment. More than half of people who joined the nhs essay four Work Programme in the first few months have spent some time off benefit, and, up to November 2012, according to ib extended format history, industry data, more than 200,000 jobs had been started by Work Programme participants.

We are continuously monitoring providers’ performance and some are performing much better than others. Studies. DWP will take action with those providers who are not delivering the ib extended essay format history Work Programme to the standards we expect. Information for employers and providers. We have published guidance for employers and Work Programme providers that will be useful if you or your organisation are interested in getting involved in helping to deliver the Work Programme or you are an employer and want to gp essay, find your local provider contact details. Employment adviser guidance for people with mental health problems.

In summer 2011 the Minister for Welfare Reform invited representatives from the Work Programme, specialist employment providers and mental health services to work together to help more people with mental health problems back into work and, through work, help them to improve their wellbeing. The representatives met regularly and in November 2011 they made a public pledge to work together to improve work and wellbeing for unemployed people. We have improved the employment support prisoners receive when they leave jail. Ib Extended Essay Format History. Everyone leaving prison and essay elderly claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance will be immediately referred to the Work Programme, where they will receive specialist support to ib extended format, get them into employment as quickly as possible. Senior managers from Work Programme providers and DWP meet at the Work Programme National Partnership Forum. The purpose of the forum is to share experiences of implementing the Work Programme and discuss emerging policy that may have an thesis translation studies impact on the programme. Essay Format History. Appendix 2: introducing a tax-free childcare scheme. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. Department for Education survey data shows that nearly a quarter of employed mothers would increase their working hours if they could arrange good quality childcare which was convenient, reliable and affordable. The scheme will be available to personal statement graduate, children under the age of 5 from format, autumn 2015, and gp essay all working parents with children under 12 will be covered within the first year. Disabled children under the ib extended history age of 17 will also be eligible, in line with existing childcare rules.

The new scheme will be available to working families who each earn less than ?150,000 a year, and don’t already receive support through Tax Credits or Universal Credit. In two parent familes, both parents must be in work to qualify. For every 80p eligible families pay in, we will put in 20p, providing support of up to ?2,000 a year for each child. Nhs Essay Four Pillars. The scheme will be open to almost 2 million families and will be delivered by HMRC. Appendix 3: co-ordinating the Health, Work and ib extended Wellbeing initiative. Studies. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. Find out about Fit for Work that will help people with a health condition stay in or return to work. Health, Work and Wellbeing is a cross-government initiative that aims to: improve the ib extended essay general health and nhs essay pillars wellbeing of the working-age population support more people with health conditions to stay in work or enter employment.

We work with employers, trades unions and healthcare professionals to: create healthier workplaces improve occupational health services and essay format rehabilitation support increase employment opportunities for crackdowns research, people who are not in work due to ill health or disability. educating individuals and raising awareness improving the range and capacity of occupational health services providing practical and effective support for employers, especially small businesses encouraging public sector organisations to ib extended essay history, lead by example on gp essay family health at work. This work brings benefits to: individuals, through better health employers, through improved productivity and reduced sickness absence government, through fewer people claiming sickness benefits and reduced health spending. The Health, Work and Wellbeing initiative is supported by 6 government partners: The initiative has resulted in a number of measures, including those below. More information is available about how it began in 2005 and in the National Archives. We have introduced Fit for Work to help employees stay in or return to work.

It is free and provides an occupational health assessment and general health and work advice to employees, employers and GPs . There are two elements to Fit for Work: free, expert and impartial work-related health advice through a website and telephone line referral to an occupational health professional for employees who have been off sick or who are likely to be off sick for 4 weeks or more. The advice element is available now. For more information visit: There will be a phased roll out of the referral service taking place over a period of ib extended essay months – we will announce details in nhs essay, early 2015. The Fit for Work occupational health professional will identify obstacles preventing the employee from returning to work. They will produce a ‘return to work plan’ tailored to the employee’s needs. History. GPs will normally refer people to Fit for Work. Employers may also refer an school employee if, after 4 weeks absence, they have not been referred by their GP . We have published guidance for employees, employers and GPs on using Fit for ib extended format, Work. We will update this guidance regularly as referrals begin to essay elderly people, be accepted for occupational health assessments, to reflect the roll out across Great Britain. Reducing the format history number of days lost to sickness absence. On 17 February 2011 the nhs essay four government set up a review of the format sickness absence system to help reduce the questions 140 million days lost to essay history, sickness absence every year. The review was jointly chaired by David Frost, former Director General of the gp essay family British Chambers of history Commerce, and drexel essay prompt Dame Carol Black, then National Director for Health and Work.

The review considered how the current sickness absence system could be changed to format history, help people stay in work, reduce costs and contribute to economic growth and prompt whether these costs are appropriately shared between the state, individuals and employers. The review presents an important analysis of the: sickness absence system in the UK impact of sickness absence on employers, the state and individuals factors which cause and prolong sickness absence and which, in ib extended, too many cases, mean that employees move out of work entirely and on to benefits roles that healthcare professionals, employers and thesis government services play. The government published its response to the sickness absence review’s recommendations on 17 January 2013. The response outlines a strategy to support the health and wellbeing of the working age population and examines: setting up a health and work assessment and advisory service improving sickness absence management supporting healthcare professionals reforming the benefits system. Fit note (statement of fitness for work) The fit note replaced the old ‘sick note’ in 2010. The fit note allows doctors to ib extended history, provide advice to their patient about the effects of their health condition and how they might be able to return to work while they recover. The fit note also helps employers to support their employees back to work as soon as possible, so that they retain skills that are critical to business success. Occupational health advice services for small businesses and GPs.

Small and family medium sized businesses face particular challenges when accessing occupational health advice. The occupational health advice services operate in England, Scotland and Wales and are funded by DWP. Healthy Working UK provides information for GPs and other primary healthcare professionals. It includes news, training and ib extended essay decision aids to support the management of essay elderly people health and work, including the fit note. Ib Extended Essay. The website was developed by Royal College of General Practitioners, the Society of Occupational Medicine and the Faculty of Occupational Medicine, with support from DWP. The Workplace wellbeing tool allows employers to work out the costs of poor health and thesis translation wellbeing to their business. It helps them build a business case for action to reduce those costs and improve the health and wellbeing of their employees. Ib Extended Essay Format. Public Health Responsibility Deal. Organisations that have volunteered to join the Public Health Responsibility Deal are taking action to drexel prompt, improve public health. Format History. They do this through their responsibilities as employers, as well as through their commercial actions and statement conclusion school community activities. The employer’s charter aims to help employers understand exactly what they can and essay history can’t do when managing staff.

It covers assessments of fitness to work and police crackdowns papers action employers can take in connection with sickness absence. Employing disabled people and people with health conditions: guidance for employers. We publish case studies of Health, Work and Wellbeing initiatives to help others understand and follow best practice. Evidence, research and policy papers. Find out how the initiative started and read our evidence, research and policy papers – including Working for a healthier tomorrow, Carol Black’s 2008 review of the health of Britain’s working age population. Contact the Health, Work and Wellbeing team. Contact the Health, Work and Wellbeing team if you have any questions about the initiative or a case study they may want to consider. Appendix 4: supporting disabled people who need more help to find and keep a job.

This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. We introduced ‘Work Choice’ in October 2010, a specialist employment programme for disabled people who need more help to find and keep a job. Work Choice is operated through DWP contracted providers and Remploy, it is voluntary and provides: help through all stages of finding and getting a job help to ib extended, stay in work, where the other DWP work schemes might not be suitable help for those who want to become self-employed. We expect around 23,000 people to be supported by Work Choice in each year of the programme with an average of about 9,000 of them to moving into statement conclusion, employment each year. Employers can benefit from ib extended format, employing a young person aged 18-24 on the Work Choice programme through the wage incentive. We can provide employers with help towards the wages of a young person that they take on police crackdowns through Work Choice in a job lasting more than 26 weeks. This is worth up to: ?1,137.50 for part-time work between 16 and 29 hours a week ?2,275 for full-time work of 30 hours or more a week. Helping with extra costs disabled people face in ib extended format, work.

We provide money through the Access to Work scheme towards the extra costs that will help a disabled person do their job, beyond what it is reasonable for their employer to meet. Essay Elderly. On 12 March 2015, the Minister for Disabled People announced that Access to Work grants will be limited to ib extended essay format history, one and elderly people a half times average salary for each award. This is ?40,800 at current rates. The limit will apply: from essay history, 1 October 2015 to new awards of Access to Work grants from 1 April 2018 to awards of Access to Work grants made before 1 October 2015. More people are seeking help from Access to Work and police research papers it is no longer sustainable to continue to meet all applicants’ needs on an unlimited basis. Essay. Introducing a limit on the amount of awards will mean that the scheme can continue to support disabled people to find and stay in work. Access to Work advisers will work with disabled people to help them decide how to essay, spend their grant most effectively. We are continuing to look at ways of making Access to ib extended essay, Work more efficient and effective, so more disabled people can be helped to get and translation keep jobs. This will include looking at ways to make sure employers are meeting their duty to make reasonable adjustments to support their employees.

Appendix 5: helping older people who want to find or stay in ib extended essay, work. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. Out of work older people can find it more difficult to get a job and they are more likely than younger people to remain unemployed for longer. For example, around 46% of unemployed people aged over 50 have been unemployed for police crackdowns papers, 12 months or more compared with around 30% of Jobseeker’s Allowance claimants aged 18 or over (Office for National Statistics Labour Market Statistics, January 2014). Working longer can have a positive impact on an individual’s savings for retirement, and also for the economy as a whole.

For example: an average earner who starts using their savings 10 years early to retire could see their pension pot over essay history a third smaller, and spread over thesis translation a much longer retirement UK Gross Domestic Product (GDP) could have been ?18 billion higher in 2013 if the difference in employment levels between people in their 40s and those aged 50 to State Pension age was halved. There is a commonly held misunderstanding that increasing employment for older people blocks jobs for younger workers. However, a recent report by format, the Institute for Fiscal Studies concluded there was ‘no evidence of thesis translation long-term crowding-out of younger individuals from the labour market by older workers’. Thriving businesses, large and small from format history, across all sectors, report the benefits of employing younger and statement graduate older workers: McDonald’s have 20% higher performance in those outlets that employ workers aged over essay 60 as well as younger workers South Wales Forgemasters have no retirement age – they say there are no concerns about people reduced progression opportunities and the process of training new staff has been improved greatly by involving experienced, skilled workers as trainers on the company’s apprenticeship scheme. Ib Extended. Working to improve older worker employment in the main business sectors. Older worker employment varies across and within the main business sectors because of different approaches to recruitment and working practices. In all sectors many older workers leave earlier than they would like. Fortunately many employers report clear business benefits of effectively managing an ageing workforce – retaining the skills of older workers while bringing on younger workers.

On 13 June 2014 we published Fuller Working Lives: a framework for pillars, action. This explains how working longer can benefit individuals, businesses, society and the economy. It sets out a number of new actions we will take to help people have fuller working lives. We have published guidance about essay history employing older workers and working past 50. This includes the ‘Employer toolkit: guidance for managers of crackdowns research older workers’, produced in partnership with the Age Action Alliance, that covers all business sectors.

The toolkit is format history, available as an interactive version and to pillars, download as a PDF. The toolkit builds on our previous Age Positive guidance. This provides case studies and tried and tested solutions to managing an ageing workforce from recruitment through to ib extended essay, addressing under-performance. Appendix 6: introducing measures to give Jobcentre Plus flexibility in gp essay family, helping people back to work. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. Jobcentre Plus managers have flexibility to ib extended essay format, offer the following measures to help claimants back to work in police crackdowns papers, their area, based on claimant and local labour market characteristics. Not all measures will necessarily be available in all areas.

Helping young unemployed people gain work experience. The work experience programme helps young people gain the experience they need to get a job. Some young people have difficulty finding a job because they do not fully understand the world of work or have not had a chance to prove themselves. Ib Extended Essay Format History. Jobcentre Plus works with employers to offer 18 to 24 year old jobseekers the opportunity to nhs essay four pillars, overcome these barriers, through work experience placements lasting 2 to 8 weeks available through the Youth Contract. In certain circumstances people over the age of 24 may be eligible for format history, work experience. Young people on work experience will continue to receive their benefit and continue to look for permanent work. Essay People. Jobcentre Plus will cover the costs of travel and childcare if required.

Some participants can have their work experience extended by up to 4 weeks if an employer offers to take them onto an apprenticeship. Ib Extended. Providing training, work experience and a guaranteed interview in sectors with high local vacancies. Through sector-based work academies we offer pre-employment training, work placements and a guaranteed interview in sectors with high volumes of local vacancies for claimants of: Jobseeker’s Allowance Employment and Support Allowance (work-related activity group) We have published guidance for employers about thesis translation studies using sector-based work academies in England and Scotland to help fill their vacancies. Helping people develop skills and experience through mandatory work activity. A Jobcentre Plus work coach may ask a claimant to ib extended history, take part in a mandatory work placement of up to 4 weeks. If they do not take part, they could lose their benefits for a period of time. The aim is to help the claimant develop the gp essay family skills and ib extended history behaviours employers are looking for and to help them get into the habit of gp essay questions attending work on time and every day. Helping people who want to start their own business. We’ve introduced the New Enterprise Allowance to help unemployed people who want to start their own business. It can provide mentoring support and ib extended history money to help people start their own business if they get certain benefits and gp essay questions family have a business idea that could work.

By May 2013, the scheme had resulted in: around 2,000 new businesses being set up each month – more than 26,000 in total over 6,000 businesses being started by people aged 50 or over over 4,500 disabled people becoming their own boss. Encouraging people who want to become self-employed to share their experiences. We support the setting up of ib extended format history Enterprise Clubs to provide unemployed people interested in becoming self-employed with a place to share experiences and four get help from other people who want to become self-employed, as well as local business people and essay format advisers. Encouraging people who are out of work to share skills and experience. We support the setting up of local Work Clubs as a way of encouraging people who are out of work to share skills and experience.

Promoting volunteering to research papers, improve employment prospects. Through Work Together we are encouraging unemployed people to think about volunteering as a way of improving their employment prospects while they are looking for work. Jobcentre Plus offices offer space for the Prince’s Trust and local volunteer centres to provide advice on volunteering. Introducing flexibility for some people in full-time training to remain on Jobseeker’s Allowance. We have introduced flexibility so that a claimant who has been on Jobseeker’s Allowance for 6 months or more may attend full-time training and remain on Jobseeker’s Allowance rather than moving onto a training allowance. This only applies to training of ib extended format up to and including 30 hours a week and which lasts for a maximum of 8 weeks.

Appendix 7: introducing Help to gp essay questions, Work to ib extended essay format, support the long term unemployed into essay elderly, work. This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document. We introduced Help to Work on 28 April 2014 to help those who have completed the Work Programme and still not found a job move into essay format history, work. Family. Help to essay format, Work gives 3 options of thesis translation intensive support to help the long-term unemployed into essay history, work. Intensive Jobcentre support (Mandatory Intervention Regime) This is for claimants with multiple or complex barriers to work. Gp Essay Questions Family. The Jobcentre Plus work coach will spend more time with the history claimant looking at how to tailor back-to-work support. They will have more flexibility to: send people on training schemes refer people to other local services which may help remove barriers to work cover costs to remove barriers to work, such as initial travel costs or suitable clothes for people, a job interview. Daily work search reviews (attending the Jobcentre every day) This is for claimants who would benefit from ib extended format history, regular support with looking for jobs. The claimant will attend their Jobcentre every day for a meeting with their work coach. The meeting will look at: progress made in looking for work how they can improve their skills.

The daily meetings could last for up to 3 months. This is for nhs essay four pillars, claimants whose lack of work experience may be holding them back from finding a job. Their work coach may ask them to ib extended format history, take part in a work placement that will also benefit the local community. Drexel. The purpose is to give the claimant skills and experience within the work place. The placements will be for up to 6 months for essay format history, up to 30 hours a week.

The claimant will also receive at least 4 hours job searching support each week to help turn the work experience into full time employment. After 5 months on a Community Work Placement, Leon’s perseverance paid off and he was offered a full-time job with a parcel delivery firm.. Claimants who do not take part in the Help to Work scheme. Claimants who do not take part in translation, the Help to Work scheme when asked to by their work coach could lose their benefits for essay format, a period of drexel essay time. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated.

Write my essay -
IB Extended Essay Examples | North Battleford Comprehensive High

crusible essays If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to essay format, be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary when looking at its layout fact that a reader will. If you are going to use a passage of Lorem Ipsum, you need to be sure there isn't anything embarrassing hidden in the middle of text. All the Lorem Ipsum generators on the Internet tend to repeat predefined chunks as necessary when looking at its layout fact that a reader will. Our Specialized Free Dissertation Consultations. Top Quality Academic Experts are available 24/7. The expert of Academic Editing and Proofreading industry has over grown over the years.

We are self-assured you will get attracted towards our work which we produce we assure the final high degree of the work. Translation. Unlike others, if your work doesn't meet our exacting standards, you can claim a full refund. We promise you will love it. Consequently, we employ our editors and proofreaders from ib extended essay history, many different backgrounds. Gp Essay. Some are teachers, examiners and ib extended history, researchers.

We are the translation, one who stipulate the essay format, proper provision in police crackdowns the industries of proofreading and editing to offer 24/7 support to our clients. • We provide authentic references relevant to your paper. • Guaranteed original editing and proofreading. • Your satisfaction is on the first step. Top Quality Edit and Proofreading Service for your Essay and Assignments as per ib extended essay history, Academic Standards. Our proofreaders stipulate you the proper draft of your essay for the submission.

We polish your words, choice of vocabulary, phrases and specially the grammatical errors, to verify your quotation and references agreed with the personal, style guide. HIGHLY EXPERIENCED PROOF READERS ARE HERE TO HELP YOU IN YOUR ESSAYS TO MAKE THEM THE BEST ONES. WE REFLECT ON THE QUALITY. Our professionals are here for your convenience. We focus on format history your work quality that would be the huge matter for us. Our editors are here to elderly, assist the student work which is based on the essay, thesis and dissertation. WE DELIVER QUALITY AS EVERYONE WANTS QUALITY PAPERS AND WE DON’T COMPROMISE ON QUALITY.

EDITOR CREATE PROPER WAY OUT. Everything that editor do is unique for you. They ensure you to deliver plagiarism free content. The basic way for their proper attention towards your work is that they are the essay, professionals and they know your work importance as well as your field. IF YOU WANT PROFFESIONAL EDITORS YOU ARE AT THE RIGHT PLACE.

WE HAVE THE PROFFESIONAL AND EXPERIENCED EDITORS FOR YOU. LINGUISTIC FEEDBACK AND EDITING. The editor concentrates towards the specific organization, paragraph structure, sentence making, appropriate tone and content evaluation. Our approach includes Parallel presentation for ideas, Peculiar diction, Argument evaluation, Coherence and logical conclusions. WE GIVE THE MOST PERFECT STYLES TO YOUR PAPERS AND EDIT IT ACCORDING TO YOUR REQUIREMENTS AS WE HAVE THE BEST EDITORS. INTENSIVE FORMATTING AND FEEDBACK.

In our services, we provide you the proper documentation, evaluation of sources and timeliness, authenticity and pillars, credibility for essay history Parenthetical citation, provide proper work cited pages, Bibliographies and other reference sources. OUR EDITORS ARE HERE TO PROVIDE YOU WITH THE BEST THEY WILL SATISFY YOU AND PROVIDE YOU WITH THE PERFECT FORMATTED PAPER THAT WILL TAKE YOU TOWARDS SUCCESS. PROMINENT CLIENT’S SUPPORT. We support our client from every step. We have an pillars, experience team to work with you to ease your academic tasks, with several ideas. We Ensure perfection, Delivered your work before deadline, Guaranteed plagiarism free references. OUR FIRST PRIORITY IS TO SATISFY OUR CUSTOMER AND FOR THAT WE HAVE 24/7 ONLINE CUSTOMER CARE REPRESENTATIVE TO HELP OUR CUSTOMERS. UK Study Help have created a fully transparent refund policy as we believe that honesty is the format history, best policy. Personal Statement School. Customers are entitled to history, claim a full or partial refund if they are not satisfied with the work provided by thesis translation our expert editors.

Customers can request a refund within 7 days after the order delivery under following situations only: If the customer requested the first revision on the paper which came to be not satisfactory than he is entitled to request a 50% refund of the amount paid for the order. If the customer requested Second revision on the paper and he is still not satisfied with the delivered product than he is entitled to request a 30% of the amount paid for ib extended essay format history the order. Conclusion. If the customer requested Third revision on the paper and ib extended format, still find’s the research, delivered product to be not satisfactory than he is entitled to request a 15% of the amount paid for the order. Customer would be required to ib extended essay, provide valid reason and explanation for requesting a refund and also proof of dissatisfaction. UK Study Help will provide 100% refund incase delivered order by editor was plagiarized. (Proof of plagiarism will be required) UK Study Helpevaluate each refund requests carefully as there are usually unique reasons as to why a refund request is made by the customers. Please note that if you request a refund, we may request documented proof that the pillars, quality of your order is low (e.g., scan copy of your instructor’s feedback, plagiarism report, etc.). After an evaluation done by our Quality Assurance team by ib extended history comparing their findings with the reasons for dissatisfaction, the necessary corrective actions will be taken. Any refund request must be made within the Refund Period. A refund request will only be entertained if it is made within seven days of delivery.

Once the Refund Period elapses, UK Study Help will not refund any amounts paid. After the Quality Assurance Department has assessed the refund claim, the refund shall be made within 20 days. All refunds are made at the discretion of essay people, UK Study Help. ‘Agreement’ refers to these Terms of Service. ‘Company’ means the entity that provides independent research and writing services to Customers according to the defined terms laid out in this Agreement. Format History. ‘Advisor’, is the person, who has agreed to work with the Company (UK Study Help) on police research papers set out their limitations by ib extended essay history the corporation to stipulate advisory services not above than the gp essay questions family, Company’s Regulations. ‘Editor/Expert’ is the ib extended essay history, person, who has agreed to work with the Company on a freelance basis to provide research and writing services under the Company’s terms. ‘Customer’ is the person who places an Order with the Company to obtain the Product according to his or her requirements and governed by the defined terms and conditions laid out in this Agreement. Gp Essay Questions Family. ‘Product’ is essay format, a document in essay an electronic format that is the final result of Order completion. ‘Quality’ Assurance Department’ signifies the part of the essay format, Company’s organizational structure with the police crackdowns research papers, mission to guard and ib extended essay format history, evaluate the studies, quality of Product and service provided. Agreement to format, Act as UK Study Help Agent for thesis studies You. UK Study Help acts as an agent for qualified Assignment Editing Experts to sell original work to their customers The Customer appoints UK Study Help to locate an Assignment Editing Expert to carry out essay research and/or assessment services to the Customer during the term of the agreement in accordance with these provisions The UK Study Help is entitled to refuse any order at their discretion and in such cases, will refund any payment made by the Customer in thesis respect of that order. The prices and delivery times quoted on the UK Study Help’s website are illustrative.

If an ib extended essay format history, alternative price and/or delivery time offered to the Customer is unacceptable, the UK Study Help will refund any payment made by the Customer in police papers respect of that order. In the event that the Customer is not satisfied that the Work meets the quality standard they have ordered, the Customer will have the remedies available to format history, them as set out in this agreement The Customer is not permitted to make direct contact with the Assignment Editing Expert — the UK Study Help will act as an intermediary between the Customer and the Assignment Editing Expert. The agreement between the Customer and the UK Study Help shall commence once the statement conclusion school, UK Study Help have both confirmed that a suitable Assignment Editing Expert is available to undertake the ib extended essay format history, Customer’s order and have obtained payment from the Customer The Agreement will continue between the Parties until the time period allowed for amendments has expired, notwithstanding the subsisting clauses stated below, unless terminated sooner by either party in papers accordance with these provisions. In order to provide research and/or assessment services to ib extended, fulfil the Customer’s Order, the UK Study Help will allocate a suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert which it deems to hold appropriate levels of qualification and experience to undertake the Customer’s Order The UK Study Help undertakes to exercise all reasonable skill and essay prompt, judgment in allocating a suitable Assignment Editing Expert, having regard to the available Assignment Editing Experts’ qualifications, experience and quality record with us, and to any available information the UK Study Help has about the Customer’s degree or course Once the ib extended format, UK Study Help has located a suitable Assignment Editing Expert and obtained payment from the Customer, the Customer acknowledges that the Order is binding and no refund will be issued. The Customer will give the UK Study Help clear briefings and ensure that all the facts given about the gp essay questions family, Order are accurate The UK Study Help will co-operate fully with the Customer and use reasonable care and skill to make the Order provided as successful as is to be expected from a competent UK Study Help. The Customer will help the essay format history, UK Study Help do this by making available to drexel essay, the UK Study Help all relevant information at the beginning of the transaction and co-operating with the UK Study Help throughout the transaction should the essay, Assignment Editing Expert require any further information or guidance The Customer acknowledges that failure to provide such information or guidance during the personal conclusion graduate school, course of the transaction may delay the delivery of their Work, and that the UK Study Help will not be held responsible for any loss or damage caused as a result of such delay. In such cases the ‘Completion on Time Guarantee’ will not apply. Where the Assignment Editing Expert or the UK Study Help requires confirmation of any detail they will contact the Customer using the ib extended essay format, email address or telephone number provided by research papers the Customer The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help may accept instructions received using these modes of contact and may reasonably assume that those instructions are generated from the Customer. Delivery – “Completion on Time Guarantee” The UK Study Help agrees to ib extended format, facilitate delivery of all Work before midnight on the due date, unless the due date falls on a Sunday, Bank Holiday, Christmas Day, or New Year’s Day (“a Non-Working Day”), in which case the Work will be delivered the following day before midnight The UK Study Help undertakes that all Work will be completed by the Assignment Editing Expert on time or they will refund the Customer’s money in full and deliver their Work for free The relevant due date for gp essay questions family the purposes of this guarantee is the due date that is set when the order is allocated to an Assignment Editing Expert . Essay Format History. Where a variation to the relevant due date is agreed between the UK Study Help and gp essay questions, the Customer, a refund is essay, not due The UK Study Help will not be held liable under this guarantee for any lateness due to technical problems that may arise due to third parties or otherwise, including, but not limited to issues caused by Internet Service Providers, Mail Account Providers, Database Software, Incompatible Formats and Hosting Providers.

The UK Study Help undertakes that if such technical problems occur with a system that they are directly responsible for or that third party contractors provide them with, that they will on request provide reasonable proof of these technical problems, so far as such proof is available, or will otherwise honor its Completion On Time Guarantee in full. The UK Study Help will have no obligations whatsoever in relation to drexel essay prompt, the Completion on essay format history Time Guarantee if the elderly, delay in the delivery of the essay history, Work is as a result of the Customer’s actions – including but not limited to where the Customer has failed to pay an police crackdowns, outstanding balance due in relation to the Order, sent in ib extended format extra information after the questions family, order has started or changed any elements of the order instructions. Delays on the part of the Customer may result in the relevant due date being changed according to the extent of the delay without activating the Completion On Time Guarantee. Where the Customer has agreed for ‘staggered delivery’ with the Assignment Editing Expert , the ib extended format, Completion on Time Guarantee relates to the final delivery date of the Work and not to the delivery of individual components of the gp essay, Work. The Customer agrees that the details provided at the time of format, placing their Order and gp essay questions, making payment may be stored on the UK Study Help’s secure database, on the understanding that these details will not be shared with any third party The UK Study Help agrees that they will not disclose any personal information provided by the Customer other than as required to do so by any lawful authority, and/or to pursue any fraudulent transactions The UK Study Help operates a privacy policy which complies fully with the ib extended essay history, requirements of the Data Protection Act. The UK Study Help’s privacy policy is available on the UK Study Help’s websites and drexel essay prompt, a copy can be provided on request. The Customer may not request amendments to their Order specification after payment has been made or a deposit has been taken and the Order has been assigned to an Assignment Editing Expert The Customer may provide the ib extended essay format history, Assignment Editing Expert with additional supporting information shortly after full payment or a deposit has been taken, provided that this does not add to or conflict with the details contained in their original Order specification If the Customer provides additional information after full payment or a deposit has been taken and this does substantially conflict with the details contained in the original Order specification, the UK Study Help may at their discretion either obtain a quote for the changed specification or reallocate the Order, as soon as is reasonable, to police research papers, a different Assignment Editing Expert without consulting the Customer. The Customer understands that this may result in a delay in the delivery of their Work for essay format which the UK Study Help will not be held responsible. Under these circumstances, the ‘Completion on Time’ Guarantee will not be payable. The UK Study Help agrees that if the Customer believes that their completed Work does not follow their exact instructions and/or the guarantees of the Assignment Editing Expert as set out on the UK Study Help website, the Customer may request amendments to the Work within 7 days of the delivery date, or longer if they have specifically paid to extend the amendments period. Such amendments will be made free of four, charge to the Customer The Customer is ib extended essay format, permitted to four, make one request, containing all details of the ib extended essay format history, required amendments.

This will be sent to the Assignment Editing Expert for comment. If the request is essay, reasonable, the ib extended history, Assignment Editing Expert will amend the statement, Work and return it to the Customer within twenty-four hours. Format. The Assignment Editing Expert may request additional time to complete the amendments and this may be granted at the discretion of the Customer. If the UK Study Help agrees to refund the police, Customer in ib extended full or part, this refund will be made using the credit or debit card that the Customer used to make their payment initially. If no such card was used (for example, where the Customer deposited the fee directly into the UK Study Help’s bank account) the UK Study Help will offer the Customer a choice of refund via bank transfer or credit towards a future order. All refunds are made at the discretion of the UK Study Help. Unless payment is taken at the time of placing an papers, order, once the UK Study Help has found a suitably qualified and experienced Assignment Editing Expert to undertake the Customer’s order, they will contact the Customer by essay format history email to essay, take payment. If, at their discretion, the UK Study Help accepts a deposit rather than the full value of the Order, the Customer acknowledges that the full balance will remain outstanding at all times and will be paid to the UK Study Help before the delivery date for the Work.

The Customer agrees that once an Order is essay history, paid for then the Assignment Editing Expert allocated by the UK Study Help begins work on that Order, and that the papers, Order may not be cancelled or refunded. Until payment or a deposit has been made and the Order has been allocated to ib extended history, an Assignment Editing Expert , the Customer may choose to continue with the Order or to cancel the elderly people, Order at ib extended essay format, any time The Customer agrees to translation, be bound by the UK Study Help’s refund policies and acknowledges that due to the highly specialized and individual nature of the essay, services that full refunds will only be given in people the circumstances outlined in these terms, or other circumstances that occur, in which event any refund or discount is ib extended history, given at the discretion of the UK Study Help. UK Study Help provides well written, customer Assignment and Essay papers to the students. Papers provided are only for essay the reference purposes to ib extended essay history, assist the essay people, buyer by essay providing a guideline and the product provided is intended to conclusion graduate, be used for ib extended essay research or study purposes. The Customer acknowledges that it does not obtain the nhs essay, copyright to the Work supplied through the ib extended format, UK Study Help’s services The Customer acknowledges that the UK Study Help, its employees and the Assignment Editing Expert s on thesis its books do not support or condone plagiarism, and that the UK Study Help reserves the right to refuse supply of services to those suspected of such behavior. The Customer accepts that the UK Study Help offers a service that locates suitably qualified Assignment Editing Expert s for the provision of independent personalized research services in order to ib extended essay format history, help students learn and police papers, advance educational standards, and that no Work supplied through the UK Study Help may be passed off as the Customer’s own or as anyone else’s, nor be handed in as the Customer’s own work, either in whole or in part. Ib Extended Format. In addition, the Customer undertakes not to carry out any unauthorized distribution, display, or resale of the Work and police crackdowns papers, the Customer agrees to handle the Work in a way that fully respects the fact that the Customer does not hold the copyright to the Work. The Customer acknowledges that if the essay format history, UK Study Help suspects that any essays or materials are being used in police crackdowns research violation of the above rules that the UK Study Help has the right to refuse to carry out any further work for the person or organization involved and that the ib extended, UK Study Help bears no liability for any such undetected and/or unauthorized use The UK Study Help agrees that all Work supplied through its service will not be resold, or distributed, for remuneration or otherwise after its completion.

The UK Study Help also undertakes that Work will not be placed on any website or essay bank after it has been completed. Simon Evans ( Student ) The manner UK study help has removed grammatical, spelling and thesis, different mistakes from my research paper, it modified into amazing. Robert Perry ( Student ) It's far absolutely a difficult mission for me to finish my assignments until the professional consultants of UK study help. Jessica Rowe( Student ) I really impressed by the work quality provided by you in such economical price. We stipulate editing and proofreading for correction in style, citation, structure, grammatical issues, argument issues and context etc. The reference content which we deliver to the client is always authentic and proofread by relevant reference sources. Best Grade Guaranteed.

We are here for you to fulfill your needs with your spelling, grammar, punctuation and as well as your work layout. We do not provide with any form of ib extended essay format history, written papers to students. This site is primarily built towards guiding the students in nhs essay four ways where they will be able to grasp the ideas and implement them in their own work. Format History. You can contact us for further details. Copyrights 2016 All Rights Reserved.

We Value your inquiry and consider it our Top Priority to Get Back to essay prompt, you soon as possible with the most relevant answer.

Best Essay Writers Here -
Writing your Extended Essay in History - ActiveHistory

Essay on Training of Employees | HRM. Read this essay to learn about Training of Employees. After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Meaning and format Definitions of Training 2. Objectives of Training 3. Need and Importance 4. Benefits 5. General Principles. Essay on the Meaning and Definitions of Training Essay on the Objectives of essay prompt Training Essay on the Need and Importance of Training Essay on the Benefits of Training Essay on the General Principles of Training. 1. Essay Format History! Essay on the Meaning and Definitions of Training: Training may be viewed as a systematic and planned process which has its organisational purpose to studies impart and provide learning experiences that will bring about improvement in format history, an employee and thus enabling him to make his contribution in gp essay questions, greater measure in meeting the goals and objectives of an organisation. Training is an organised procedure for increasing the knowledge and skill of people for ib extended essay format history a specific purpose. The trainees acquire new skill, technical knowledge, problem-solving ability, etc. It also gives an gp essay questions family, awareness of the rules and procedures to guide their behaviour. Ib Extended Format History! Training improves the performance of employees on gp essay, present jobs and prepares them for format taking up new assignments in future.

To have a realistic and clear perception and understanding of what training entails, some of the definitions as produced by different distinguished writers are given as follows: According to Edwin B. Flippo, “Training is the act of essay elderly people increasing the ib extended history knowledge and skill of an employee for doing a particular job.” According to Michael J. Prompt! Jucius, “The term training is used here to indicate only process by which the ib extended essay format history aptitudes, skills and essay elderly abilities of employees to perform specific jobs are increased.” According to Richard P. Ib Extended Essay Format History! Calhoon, “The function of training is the process of aiding employees to gp essay questions gain effectiveness in their present and ib extended format history future work.” According to Dales S. Beach, “Training is an organised procedure by which people learn knowledge and/or skills for a definite purpose.” According to Michael Armstrong, “Training is the systematic development of the knowledge, skills and attitudes required by an individual to drexel perform adequately a given task or job.” According to Mathis and Jackson, “Training is a learning process whereby people acquire skills, concepts, attitudes or knowledge to aid in the achievement of goals.”

According to Advice Saint, “Training includes any efforts within the organisation to teach, instruct, coach, develop employees in technical skills, knowledge, principles, techniques and to provide insight into and attitudes towards the organisation. Basically, training is defined as learning. Broadly speaking, training is the ib extended act of personal statement school increasing the knowledge and skill of an employee for doing a specified job. Training involves active participation by the employees. The importance of active participation of the employees in the training process becomes clear from the following ancient Chinese proverb:

I see, I remember, I do, I understand.” Training is format closely related with education and development but needs to drexel essay prompt be differentiated from ib extended format these terms. 2. Essay on the Objectives of Training : The training objectives are laid down, keeping in view the statement conclusion company’s goals and objectives. But the general objectives of any training programme are as follows: (i) The basic objective of training is to help develop capacities and capabilities of the employees-both new and old by upgrading their skills and knowledge so that the organisation could gainfully avail of their services better for higher grade professional, technical, sales or production positions from within the organisation. (ii) Training aims to help existing employees in improving their levels of performance on their present job assignments.

In case of new employees, training has its objective to ib extended format history provide them with basic knowledge and four pillars skill they need for ib extended history an intelligent performance of their specific tasks. (iii) The aims of training are not only providing new knowledge and job skills to the employees, but creating in them self-consciousness and a greater awareness to recognise their responsibilities and contribute their very best to the organisation they serve. (iv) Sometimes, it may not be possible for the management to fill in some important work positions from outside. Under such conditions, the apprenticeship programmes aiming at improving the skills of the present employees come to the aid of the company to tide over the position by crackdowns research papers making available their requirements of the personnel from within the organisation. (v) The main objective of training is to bring about efficiency and effectiveness in an organisation, so that the organisation may remain competitive in highly competitive market situations and for the achievement of organisational goals. (vi) Training plays a significant role in dynamic companies which are more than often on the run for their survival, to bring about technological changes like automation, highly mechanised and ib extended essay format computer oriented systems, which may in their turn create new problems, new methods, new procedures, new equipment’s, new skills and knowledge, new jobs, new products and services-all these make the functioning of training a must in studies, an organisation as otherwise, the employees will find themselves to be helpless to handle new jobs and adapt themselves to ib extended essay format history the changes, they may feel frustrated and compelled to leave their jobs. 3. Gp Essay Family! Essay on the Need and Importance of Training:

Training of employees is essential because work-force is an invaluable asset to an organisation. Training is necessary for essay history the following reasons: Training improves the performance of employees. Police Crackdowns Research Papers! Increased skill and efficiency results in better quantity and ib extended history quality of production. A trained worker will handle machine: carefully and will use the materials in an economical way. A trained worker derives happiness and job satisfaction from his work.

He feels happy when his performance is upto the translation mark. This also gives him job security and ego satisfaction. The employers will properly look after a worker who performs well. All these factors will improve employee’s morale. The degree of supervision required for a trained worker will be less. He will not be dependent upon the supervisor for minute details and may carry on his work himself. On the other hand, an untrained worker will need constant watch and format he will require the guidance of the supervisor very often. A trained worker will be most disciplined and translation studies independent.

He will not like any type of interference in his work and may not give any opportunity to the supervisor for ib extended essay format history complaint. Such workers can take more interest in essay, their work and may contribute significantly in ib extended format history, reducing managerial problems of supervision. Untrained workers may waste more materials, damage machines and equipment and may cause accidents. Crackdowns! Accidents generally occur due to a deficiency in the operator and not in the machine. A trained worker will know the art of ib extended essay operating the machine properly. He will also use the material and other equipment in a systematic way causing less wastage. The control of various wastes will substantially reduce the manufacturing cost. The amount spent on training the questions family workers will prove an asset to the organisation.

The technological advancements will require new approach to work. The methods of work are constantly undergoing a change. This will necessitate the adaptability of workers to changing work environment. A trained worker can be more adaptable to change than an untrained one. The former can easily learn new work techniques with a little bit of guidance. There may not be any need to employ few workers for running new machines.

The present workers will learn new techniques with some sort of orientation. The trained persons will adopt to new situation more easily because they have basic technical knowledge. (vi) Reduced Turnover and Absenteeism: Labour turnover and absenteeism are mainly due to job dissatisfaction. When a worker is properly trained he will take keen interest in his job and can derive satisfaction from it. Essay Format! A satisfied person may not like to police crackdowns papers leave his job and try a- a new place. Training helps in reducing labour absenteeism by increasing job satisfaction among them. Training also helps in the development of employees. It first helps in locating talent in them and essay then developing it to the maximum. The adaptability of a worker will help him in working on new and improved jobs. Personal Statement! If a worker learns fast then he will be able to develop his talent and improve his performance.

Training thus gives him an opportunity to show case his talent also. 4. Essay on the Benefits of Training: M.J. Tessin has explained the following benefits of training in ib extended history, his paper “Once again why training” published in ‘Training’ Feb. Questions Family! 1978: Benefits of Training to the Organisation : 1. Leads to improved profitability and/or more positive attitudes towards profit orientation. 2. Improves the job knowledge and skills at all levels of the ib extended format history organisation.

3. Improves the morale of the work force. 4. Helps people identify with organisational goals. 5. Helps create a better corporate image. 6. Fosters authenticity, openness and trust. 7. Improves relationship between boss and personal subordinates. 8. Aids in organisational development.

9. Format History! Learns from the trainees. 10. Helps prepare guidelines for work. 11. Aids in understanding and carrying out organisational policies. 12. Provides information for future needs in all areas of the organisation.

13. Organisation gets more effective decision making and problem solving skills. 14. Aids in development for promotion from within. 15. Aids in developing leadership skill, motivation, loyalty, better attitudes and other aspects that successful workers and managers usually display. 16.

Aids in increasing productivity and/or quality of work. 17. Helps keep cost down in many areas e.g., production, personnel, administration etc. 18. Questions! Develops a sense of ib extended essay history responsibility to the organisation for being competent and essay elderly people knowledgeable.

19. Improves labour management relations. 20. Reduces outside consulting costs by utilising competent internal consultation. 21. Stimulates preventive management as opposed to putting out fires. 22.

Eliminates subordinate behaviour such as hiding tools. 23. Creates an appropriate climate for growth, communication. 24. Aids in improving organisational communication. 25. Helps employees adjust to change.

26. Aids in ib extended essay format, handling conflicts, thereby helping to prevent stress and tension. Benefits of Training to Individuals : These benefits will ultimately turn beneficial to the organization in the following ways: 1. Helps the crackdowns research individual in making better decisions and effective problem solving. 2. Through training and development, motivational variables of recognition, achievement, growth, responsibility and advancement are internalised and operationalised. 3. Aids in encouraging and achieving self-development and self-confidence. 4. History! Helps a person handle stress, tension, frustration and conflict.

5. Provides information for improving leadership, knowledge, communication skills and attitudes. 6. Increases job satisfaction and recognition. 7. Moves a person towards personal goals while improving interactive skills. 8. Satisfies personal needs of the trainer and the trainee. 9. Drexel Prompt! Provides the trainee an avenue for growth and say in his/her future. 10. Develops a sense of history growth in studies, learning. 11. Helps a person develop speaking and listening skills, also writing skills when exercises are required. 12. Helps eliminate fear in attempting tasks.

Benefits in Personnel and Human Relations, Intra-group and Inter-group Relations and Policy Implementation : 1. Improves communication between groups and individuals. 2. Aids in orientation for new employees and those taking new jobs through transfer or promotion. 3. Provides information on equal opportunity and affirmative action. 4. Provides information on other government laws and administrative policies. 5. Improves interpersonal skills.

6. Makes organisational policies, rules and regulations viable. 7. Improves morale. 8. Builds cohesiveness in groups. 9. Provides a good climate for learning, growth and co-ordination. 10. Ib Extended Format History! Makes the organisation a better place to work and live. 5. Essay on the General Principles of Training: The following guidelines can help to make the training more effective:

There should be specific training objectives. Thesis! This will help in deciding about the type of training required. The performance standard of employees should be decided and essay history training should be directed to achieve them. An aimless training programme will not be of much use. When there is an aim to be achieved in employee training, then all efforts should be directed to achieve it. All individuals do not have the same aptitudes, background, education, experience, intellect, capability of understanding and interests. There may be some people who are comparatively slow in learning or may not at all be able to learn. Any training programme shall have to keep in view all these individual considerations. Drexel Essay Prompt! This is all the more important in case of supervisory training.

The importance of training should be properly explained to employees. Training helps employees in increasing their performance. This will bring them more financial benefits and create greater avenues for promotion. When employees realise the need of training for their own benefit and future development then they will take keen interest in it. Employees should be motivated to participate whole heartedly in training programmes. The previous experience of education acquired by the employees should also be made use of while planning their training. Essay History! The previous background should be used as a foundation for new development. If the new training is entirely different than what the employee had learnt, he will find difficulty in following it. So training should be related to the previous background of trainees. (v) Suitable Organisational Conditions: The conditions prevailing in the organisation should be conducive to the training programmes.

The conditions should rather encourage employees to learn more and more. The persons learning better techniques of doing the thesis studies things should be suitably rewarded. This will not only encourage those employees but will motivate others to improve their performance. Training should be imparted with the full support of top management otherwise it will not succeed. To make training an effective tool of learning, trainees should also be involved in ib extended essay, these programmes. They should be provided with opportunity to practise the newly needed behaviour norms. The instructor or trainer is the key figure in crackdowns research papers, the training programme. The trainer should not only be a good teacher but must know the subject and the job also. Good trainers should be developed both from inside and ib extended outside the organisation. The trainees should be provided with feedback about their performance. If their performance is not upto the expected levels, then they should be told to improve their work.

They themselves may not be able to judge whether training has improved their work or not. When they get regular and constructive feedback, it will help them in improving their work. Practice makes a man perfect. Skills that are practised often are better learned and less easily forgotten. Therefore, trainees should be allowed continuous practice. Teach and demonstrate knowledge and skills and then let the trainee try them himself.

The methods and nhs essay pillars processes of training should be related directly to the needs and objectives of the organisation. It should be conducted as far as possible in the actual job environment so as to be meaningful. To be effective training should be based on the tested principles of learning. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: